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Aliases for ATAD3B Gene

Aliases for ATAD3B Gene

  • ATPase Family, AAA Domain Containing 3B 2 3 5
  • AAA-TOB3 3 4
  • TOB3 3 4
  • ATPase Family AAA Domain-Containing Protein 3B 3
  • AAA-ATPase TOB3 3
  • KIAA1273 4

External Ids for ATAD3B Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ATAD3B Gene

  • GC01P001359
  • GC01P001493
  • GC01P001397
  • GC01P000680

Summaries for ATAD3B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ATAD3B Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is localized to the mitochondrial inner membrane, where it can bind to a highly-related protein, ATAD3A. ATAD3A appears to interact with matrix nucleoid complexes, and the encoded protein negatively regulates that interaction. This gene is expressed almost exclusively in pluripotent embryonic stem cells and some cancer cells. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]

GeneCards Summary for ATAD3B Gene

ATAD3B (ATPase Family, AAA Domain Containing 3B) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Immune System. An important paralog of this gene is ATAD3A.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATAD3B Gene

  • May play a role in a mitochondrial network organization typical for stem cells, characterized by reduced mitochondrial metabolism, low mtDNA copies and fragmentated mitochondrial network. may act by suppressing ATAD3A function, interfering with ATAD3A interaction with matrix nucleoid complexes.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ATAD3B Gene

Genomics for ATAD3B Gene

Regulatory Elements for ATAD3B Gene

Enhancers for ATAD3B Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F001510 1.1 ENCODE 20 +40.2 40175 2.6 HDGF ARNT CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 LINC01770 ATAD3B PEX10 VWA1 ENSG00000240731 CCNL2 ANKRD65 ATAD3C ATAD3A GC01P001494
GH01F001343 1.1 ENCODE 17.3 -124.8 -124794 7.1 HDGF MLX CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF143 ZNF207 FOS ZNF263 ANKRD65 ATAD3B UBE2J2 LINC01786 MRPL20 TAS1R3 LINC01128 DVL1 MIR6808
GH01F001420 1.1 ENCODE 15 -49.5 -49548 3.0 HDGF MLX ARID4B DMAP1 SLC30A9 KLF13 SP5 ZHX2 REST ZNF592 ANKRD65 ATAD3B SLC35E2 SLC35E2B LOC100129381 ENSG00000272455 MIR6727 TMEM88B
GH01F001235 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 9.7 -232.2 -232172 7.9 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A GLI4 DMAP1 ZNF48 GLIS2 KLF7 B3GALT6 LOC100288379 ENSG00000230092 CCNL2 ENSG00000237094 ANKRD65 LOC100288069 MIR6727 ATAD3B SDF4
GH01F001428 1.5 FANTOM5 ENCODE 9.8 -39.4 -39429 8.2 HDGF ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 KLF13 PAF1 ATAD3C ANKRD65 ATAD3B VWA1 LOC100129381 RNF223 TMEM88B DVL1 NADK LINC01770
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ATAD3B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ATAD3B Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for ATAD3B Gene

1,471,732 bp from pter
1,509,479 bp from pter
37,748 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ATAD3B Gene

Genes around ATAD3B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ATAD3B Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ATAD3B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ATAD3B Gene

Proteins for ATAD3B Gene

  • Protein details for ATAD3B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    ATPase family AAA domain-containing protein 3B
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K3H1
    • Q6ZRB5
    • Q9BUK4
    • Q9ULE7

    Protein attributes for ATAD3B Gene

    648 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    72573 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Forms heterooligomers with ATAD3A. Interacts with components of the mitochondrial ribosome, including MRPL11 and MRPS18B, and with other proteins involved in mitochondrial RNA metabolism, possibly via interaction with ATAD3A. Interacts with GADD45GIP1.
    • Sequence=BAA86587.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for ATAD3B Gene


neXtProt entry for ATAD3B Gene

Post-translational modifications for ATAD3B Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ATAD3B Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ATAD3B Gene

Domains & Families for ATAD3B Gene

Gene Families for ATAD3B Gene

Protein Domains for ATAD3B Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ATAD3B Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the AAA ATPase family.
  • Belongs to the AAA ATPase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ATAD3B: view

Function for ATAD3B Gene

Molecular function for ATAD3B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play a role in a mitochondrial network organization typical for stem cells, characterized by reduced mitochondrial metabolism, low mtDNA copies and fragmentated mitochondrial network. may act by suppressing ATAD3A function, interfering with ATAD3A interaction with matrix nucleoid complexes.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated by MYC.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ATAD3B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATAD3B: view

Phenotypes for ATAD3B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ATAD3B: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ATAD3B Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ATAD3B

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ATAD3B Gene

Localization for ATAD3B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATAD3B Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Note=Has been found to co-purify with nucleoids (PubMed:22453275). Since it does not face the mitochondrial matrix, the association with nucleoids could be mediated by ATAD3A. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22453275}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ATAD3B gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
plasma membrane 4
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ATAD3B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATAD3B: view

Pathways & Interactions for ATAD3B Gene

SuperPathways for ATAD3B Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Immune System
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ATAD3B: view

Pathways by source for ATAD3B Gene

2 Reactome pathways for ATAD3B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ATAD3B Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ATAD3B Gene

Transcripts for ATAD3B Gene

Unigene Clusters for ATAD3B Gene

ATPase family, AAA domain containing 3B:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ATAD3B Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ATAD3B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ATAD3B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for ATAD3B Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ATAD3B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (17.4), Pancreas (11.7), Brain (11.5), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (11.1), and Bone (10.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ATAD3B Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ATAD3B Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ATAD3B Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ATAD3B Gene:

Tissue specificity: Tends to be down-regulated in differentiated cells and re-expressed in pluripotent stem cells or cancer cells (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ATAD3B: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Protein tissue co-expression partners for ATAD3B Gene

Orthologs for ATAD3B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ATAD3B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ATAD3B 35
  • 95 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ATAD3 35
  • 87 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ATAD3A 35
  • 87 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Atad3a 35
  • 87 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 86 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 79 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 35
  • 77 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 35
  • 75 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii atad3b 35
  • 81 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta bor 35
  • 58 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea atad-3 35
  • 54 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT2G18330 34
  • 47.47 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os02g0706500 34
  • 47.45 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.6689 35
  • 63 (a)
Species where no ortholog for ATAD3B was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ATAD3B Gene

Gene Tree for ATAD3B (if available)
Gene Tree for ATAD3B (if available)

Paralogs for ATAD3B Gene

Paralogs for ATAD3B Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for ATAD3B Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ATAD3B: view

Variants for ATAD3B Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ATAD3B Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs111163135 -- 1,479,704(+) GCATG(A/G)GGCAT intron-variant
rs111260520 -- 1,478,392(+) TGTGG(A/G)GTGGG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-5-prime
rs111261418 -- 1,470,196(+) TGCAC(A/G)TGACA downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB
rs111274575 -- 1,489,890(+) GGCTC(G/T)CATGG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant
rs111320709 -- 1,503,223(+) CGTCT(C/G)AAAAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ATAD3B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1e212 CNV loss 25503493
dgv1e214 CNV loss 21293372
dgv2e212 CNV loss 25503493
dgv34n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv1254392 CNV insertion 17803354
esv25832 CNV loss 19812545
esv2661503 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2662001 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2758913 CNV gain+loss 17122850
esv3548565 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3577672 CNV loss 25503493
esv3577678 CNV loss 25503493
esv3584995 CNV loss 21293372
esv3584998 CNV gain 21293372
esv3584999 CNV loss 21293372
esv3585000 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1009541 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1011818 CNV gain 25217958
nsv10161 CNV gain+loss 18304495
nsv1119396 CNV insertion 24896259
nsv1133122 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1136055 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv482146 CNV gain 20164927
nsv482937 CNV loss 15286789
nsv545000 CNV loss 21841781
nsv545001 CNV loss 21841781
nsv545010 CNV loss 21841781
nsv945743 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv950452 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for ATAD3B Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 99.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 16.40; 97.71% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ATAD3B Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATAD3B Gene

Disorders for ATAD3B Gene

Relevant External Links for ATAD3B

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for ATAD3B Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ATAD3B Gene

Publications for ATAD3B Gene

  1. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XV. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 10574462) Nagase T. … Ohara O. (DNA Res. 1999) 2 3 4 64
  2. ATAD3B is a human embryonic stem cell specific mitochondrial protein, re-expressed in cancer cells, that functions as dominant negative for the ubiquitous ATAD3A. (PMID: 22664726) Merle N. … Baudier J. (Mitochondrion 2012) 3 4 64
  3. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  4. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 3 4 64
  5. Molecular characterization of the tumor-associated antigen AAA- TOB3. (PMID: 16909202) Schaffrik M. … Gires O. (Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 2006) 3 4 64

Products for ATAD3B Gene

Sources for ATAD3B Gene

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