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Aliases for ASPA Gene

Aliases for ASPA Gene

  • Aspartoacylase 2 3
  • Aminoacylase 2 2 3
  • Aminoacylase-2 3 4
  • EC 3.5.1.15 4 63
  • ACY-2 3 4
  • ACY2 3 4
  • ASP 3 4
  • Aspartoacylase (Aminoacylase 2, Canavan Disease) 2
  • Canavan Disease 2

External Ids for ASPA Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ASPA Gene

  • GC17P003693
  • GC17P003330
  • GC17P003585
  • GC17P003326
  • GC17P003269
  • GC17P003376

Summaries for ASPA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ASPA Gene

  • This gene encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of N-acetyl_L-aspartic acid (NAA) to aspartate and acetate. NAA is abundant in the brain where hydrolysis by aspartoacylase is thought to help maintain white matter. This protein is an NAA scavenger in other tissues. Mutations in this gene cause Canavan disease. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ASPA Gene

ASPA (Aspartoacylase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ASPA include canavan disease and mild canavan disease. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6. GO annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds and aminoacylase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACY3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASPA Gene

  • Catalyzes the deacetylation of N-acetylaspartic acid (NAA) to produce acetate and L-aspartate. NAA occurs in high concentration in brain and its hydrolysis NAA plays a significant part in the maintenance of intact white matter. In other tissues it act as a scavenger of NAA from body fluids

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ASPA Gene

Genomics for ASPA Gene

Regulatory Elements for ASPA Gene

Genomic Location for ASPA Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
3,472,374 bp from pter
End:
3,503,419 bp from pter
Size:
31,046 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for ASPA Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
GeneLoc Logo Gene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ASPA Gene

Proteins for ASPA Gene

  • Protein details for ASPA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P45381-ACY2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Aspartoacylase
    Protein Accession:
    P45381

    Protein attributes for ASPA Gene

    Size:
    313 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35735 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105; Note=Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ASPA Gene

neXtProt entry for ASPA Gene

Proteomics data for ASPA Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ASPA Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ASPA Gene

Domains & Families for ASPA Gene

Protein Domains for ASPA Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ASPA Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P45381

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ACY2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the AspA/AstE family. Aspartoacylase subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the AspA/AstE family. Aspartoacylase subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ASPA: view

No data available for Gene Families for ASPA Gene

Function for ASPA Gene

Molecular function for ASPA Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
aspartoacylase,36kDa,expressed in skeletal muscle,kidney,brain,hydrolyzing preferentially N-acetyl-L-aspartic acid
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
N-acyl-L-aspartate + H(2)O = a carboxylate + L-aspartate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the deacetylation of N-acetylaspartic acid (NAA) to produce acetate and L-aspartate. NAA occurs in high concentration in brain and its hydrolysis NAA plays a significant part in the maintenance of intact white matter. In other tissues it act as a scavenger of NAA from body fluids

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ASPA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ASPA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004046 aminoacylase activity TAS 8252036
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 22284616
GO:0016788 hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds IEA --
GO:0016811 hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in linear amides --
GO:0019807 aspartoacylase activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASPA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ASPA: view

Animal Models for ASPA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ASPA:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ASPA

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ASPA Gene

Localization for ASPA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASPA Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ASPA Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ASPA gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ASPA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASPA: view

Pathways & Interactions for ASPA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ASPA: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ASPA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006533 aspartate catabolic process TAS 8252036
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0008652 cellular amino acid biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0022010 central nervous system myelination IEA --
GO:0034641 cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASPA: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ASPA Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ASPA Gene

(9) Drugs for ASPA Gene - From: NovoSeek, HMDB, and DrugBank

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Aspartic acid Approved Nutra Target 0
acetic acid Approved Nutra Full agonist, Agonist 80
Zinc Approved Pharma 1404
Formic acid Experimental Pharma 0
MYRISTIC ACID Experimental Pharma 0

(15) Additional Compounds for ASPA Gene - From: HMDB and NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Arachidic acid
  • Arachate
  • Arachic acid
  • Arachidate
  • Arachidic acid
  • Eicosanoate
506-30-9
Heptadecanoic acid
  • Heptadecanoate
  • Heptadecanoic acid
  • Margarate
  • Margaric acid
  • Margarinate
506-12-7
Heptadecanoyl CoA
  • Heptadecanoate
  • Heptadecanoic acid
  • Heptadecanoic acid coa
  • Heptadecanoyl coenzyme A
  • Heptadecanoyl-coA
3546-17-6
N-Acetyl-L-aspartic acid
  • (2S)-2-acetamidobutanedioate
  • (2S)-2-acetamidobutanedioic acid
  • (S)-2-(acetylamino)butanedioate
  • (S)-2-(acetylamino)butanedioic acid
  • (S)-2-(acetylamino)succinic acid
997-55-7
N-Formyl-L-aspartate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ASPA: view

Transcripts for ASPA Gene

Unigene Clusters for ASPA Gene

Aspartoacylase:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ASPA

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ASPA Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c
SP1:
SP2: -
SP3:

Relevant External Links for ASPA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ASPA
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ASPA

Expression for ASPA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ASPA Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ASPA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Hippocampus (x4.6), Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x4.6), and Brain - Substantia nigra (x4.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ASPA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin (8.1) and Kidney (7.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for ASPA Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ASPA Gene Hs.171142

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ASPA Gene

P45381-ACY2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Brain white matter, skeletal muscle, kidney, adrenal glands, lung and liver
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ASPA: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ASPA Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for ASPA Gene

Orthologs for ASPA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ASPA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ASPA 35
  • 90.38 (n)
  • 92.44 (a)
ASPA 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ASPA 35
  • 90.73 (n)
  • 90.42 (a)
ASPA 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Aspa 35
  • 86.75 (n)
  • 86.54 (a)
Aspa 16
Aspa 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ASPA 35
  • 99.57 (n)
  • 100 (a)
ASPA 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Aspa 35
  • 85.58 (n)
  • 86.86 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ASPA 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ASPA 36
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ASPA 35
  • 76.38 (n)
  • 73.46 (a)
ASPA 36
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ASPA 36
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia aspa 35
  • 68.78 (n)
  • 70 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii aspa 35
  • 62.24 (n)
  • 62.46 (a)
aspa 36
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.709 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for ASPA:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ASPA Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ASPA (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ASPA (if available)

Paralogs for ASPA Gene

Paralogs for ASPA Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for ASPA Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ASPA: view

Variants for ASPA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ASPA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
VAR_039091 -
VAR_039090 Canavan disease (CAND)
VAR_039089 Canavan disease (CAND)
VAR_039088 Canavan disease (CAND)
VAR_039087 Canavan disease (CAND)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ASPA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2660206 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv907553 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv833341 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv528368 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv525085 CNV Gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for ASPA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 77.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.63; 31.33% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ASPA Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
ASPA
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
ASPA

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASPA Gene

Disorders for ASPA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for ASPA Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
canavan disease
  • spongy degeneration of central nervous system
mild canavan disease
  • juvenile canavan disease
severe canavan disease
  • infantile canavan disease
neurologic diseases
  • nervous system disorder
cerebral degeneration
  • brain degeneration
- elite association
Search ASPA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

ACY2_HUMAN
  • Canavan disease (CAND) [MIM:271900]: A rare neurodegenerative condition of infancy or childhood characterized by white matter vacuolization and demyelination that gives rise to a spongy appearance. The clinical features are onset in early infancy, atonia of neck muscles, hypotonia, hyperextension of legs and flexion of arms, blindness, severe mental defect, megalocephaly, and death by 18 months on the average. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10407784, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10564886, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10909858, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12205125, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12638939, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7599639, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7668285, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8023850, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8252036, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8659549, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9452117}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for ASPA

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ASPA
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
ASPA
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
ASPA
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ASPA: view

No data available for Genatlas for ASPA Gene

Publications for ASPA Gene

  1. Structure of aspartoacylase, the brain enzyme impaired in Canavan disease. (PMID: 17194761) Bitto E. … Phillips G.N. Jr. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2007) 23 25 26 67
  2. Bimodal occurrence of aspartoacylase in myelin and cytosol of brain. (PMID: 17254025) Wang J. … Ledeen R.W. (J. Neurochem. 2007) 23 25 26 67
  3. N-Acetylaspartate in the CNS: from neurodiagnostics to neurobiology. (PMID: 17275978) Moffett J.R. … Namboodiri A.M. (Prog. Neurobiol. 2007) 23 25 26 67
  4. Natural history of Canavan disease revealed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and diffusion-weighted MRI. (PMID: 17177147) Janson C.G. … Leone P. (Neuropediatrics 2006) 23 25 26 67
  5. Cloning of the human aspartoacylase cDNA and a common missense mutation in Canavan disease. (PMID: 8252036) Kaul R. … Matalon R. (Nat. Genet. 1993) 2 23 67

Products for ASPA Gene

Sources for ASPA Gene

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