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Aliases for ASAH1 Gene

Aliases for ASAH1 Gene

  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase 1 2 3
  • Acylsphingosine Deacylase 2 3 4
  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase (Acid Ceramidase) 1 3 5
  • Putative 32 KDa Heart Protein 3 4
  • Acid Ceramidase 2 3
  • EC 3.5.1.23 4 61
  • Acid CDase 3 4
  • ACDase 3 4
  • PHP32 3 4
  • ASAH 3 4
  • AC 3 4
  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase (Acid Ceramidase) 2
  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase 4
  • SMAPME 3
  • PHP 3

External Ids for ASAH1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ASAH1 Gene

  • ASAH

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ASAH1 Gene

  • GC08M017790
  • GC08M017976
  • GC08M017924
  • GC08M016458

Summaries for ASAH1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ASAH1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the acid ceramidase family of proteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed. Processing of this preproprotein generates alpha and beta subunits that heterodimerize to form the mature lysosomal enzyme, which catalyzes the degradation of ceramide into sphingosine and free fatty acid. This enzyme is overexpressed in multiple human cancers and may play a role in cancer progression. Mutations in this gene are associated with the lysosomal storage disorder, Farber lipogranulomatosis, and a neuromuscular disorder, spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]

GeneCards Summary for ASAH1 Gene

ASAH1 (N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ASAH1 include Farber Lipogranulomatosis and Spinal Muscular Atrophy With Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy. Among its related pathways are S-1P Stimulated Signaling and Sphingolipid metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include ceramidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is NAAA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASAH1 Gene

  • Hydrolyzes the sphingolipid ceramide into sphingosine and free fatty acid.

Tocris Summary for ASAH1 Gene

  • Ceramidases (EC 3.5.1.23) are a group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ceramides to produce sphingosine, which subsequently undergoes phosphorylation to generate sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P).

Gene Wiki entry for ASAH1 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ASAH1 Gene

Genomics for ASAH1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ASAH1 Gene

Enhancers for ASAH1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around ASAH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ASAH1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around ASAH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ASAH1 gene promoter:

Genomic Location for ASAH1 Gene

Chromosome:
8
Start:
18,055,992 bp from pter
End:
18,084,998 bp from pter
Size:
29,007 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ASAH1 Gene

Genes around ASAH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ASAH1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ASAH1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ASAH1 Gene

Proteins for ASAH1 Gene

  • Protein details for ASAH1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q13510-ASAH1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Acid ceramidase
    Protein Accession:
    Q13510
    Secondary Accessions:
    • E9PDS0
    • Q6W898
    • Q96AS2

    Protein attributes for ASAH1 Gene

    Size:
    395 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    44660 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer of one alpha and one beta subunit.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC73009.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=15, 21; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for ASAH1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ASAH1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ASAH1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 92
  • Glycosylation at Asn 173, Asn 195, Asn 259, Asn 286, Asn 342, and Asn 348
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for ASAH1

Domains & Families for ASAH1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q13510

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ASAH1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the acid ceramidase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the acid ceramidase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ASAH1: view

No data available for Gene Families for ASAH1 Gene

Function for ASAH1 Gene

Molecular function for ASAH1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
N-acylsphingosine + H(2)O = a carboxylate + sphingosine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Hydrolyzes the sphingolipid ceramide into sphingosine and free fatty acid.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ASAH1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ASAH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity TAS 8955159
GO:0017040 ceramidase activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASAH1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ASAH1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for ASAH1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for ASAH1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ASAH1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for ASAH1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ASAH1

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ASAH1 Gene

Localization for ASAH1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASAH1 Gene

Lysosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ASAH1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ASAH1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
lysosome 5
vacuole 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 2
cytoskeleton 1
endosome 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ASAH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 25645918
GO:0043202 lysosomal lumen TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASAH1: view

Pathways & Interactions for ASAH1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ASAH1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ASAH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006672 ceramide metabolic process TAS 8955159
GO:0006687 glycosphingolipid metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASAH1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ASAH1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ASAH1 Gene

(10) Drugs for ASAH1 Gene - From: ApexBio, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Water Approved Pharma 0
Sphingosine Experimental Pharma 0
MYRISTIC ACID Experimental Pharma 0
palmitic acid Experimental Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 22
Stearic acid Experimental Pharma 0

(89) Additional Compounds for ASAH1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/12:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
852100-88-0
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/14:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/16:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
862509-48-6
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/18:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
244215-65-4
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/18:1(9Z))
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfo-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate

(1) Tocris Compounds for ASAH1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Ceranib 1 Ceramidase inhibitor; antiproliferative 328076-61-5

(1) ApexBio Compounds for ASAH1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Ceranib 1 328076-61-5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ASAH1: view

Transcripts for ASAH1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ASAH1 Gene

N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase (acid ceramidase) 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ASAH1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d · 2e ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b · 11c ^ 12a ·
SP1: - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - -
SP8: -
SP9: -
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:

ExUns: 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:

Relevant External Links for ASAH1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ASAH1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ASAH1

Expression for ASAH1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ASAH1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ASAH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x4.7) and Heart - Left Ventricle (x4.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ASAH1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ASAH1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ASAH1 Gene:

ASAH1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ASAH1 Gene:

Hs.527412

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ASAH1 Gene:

Q13510-ASAH1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Broadly expressed with highest expression in heart.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ASAH1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Protein differential expression in normal tissues for ASAH1 Gene

Orthologs for ASAH1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ASAH1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ASAH1 34
  • 87.43 (n)
  • 84.05 (a)
ASAH1 35
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ASAH1 34
  • 89.25 (n)
  • 87.53 (a)
ASAH1 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Asah1 34
  • 84.08 (n)
  • 80.21 (a)
Asah1 16
Asah1 35
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ASAH1 34
  • 99.16 (n)
  • 98.48 (a)
ASAH1 35
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Asah1 34
  • 84.34 (n)
  • 83.38 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ASAH1 35
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 75 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ASAH1 34
  • 68.47 (n)
  • 64.59 (a)
ASAH1 35
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ASAH1 35
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia asah1 34
  • 65.87 (n)
  • 62.6 (a)
Str.5508 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.22164 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii asah1b 34
  • 63.32 (n)
  • 61.64 (a)
zgc66026 34
asah1a 35
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
asah1b 35
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9300 34
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea asah-1 34
  • 49.73 (n)
  • 40.59 (a)
asah-1 35
  • 38 (a)
OneToMany
F27E5.1 35
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for ASAH1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ASAH1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ASAH1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ASAH1 (if available)

Paralogs for ASAH1 Gene

Paralogs for ASAH1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ASAH1: view

Variants for ASAH1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ASAH1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1071645 -, - 18,071,302(-) CACCA(A/G)TGGTA reference, missense
rs1049874 - 18,069,818(-) GAAAA(A/G)TTATG intron-variant, reference, missense
rs137853593 Farber lipogranulomatosis (FRBRL) 18,061,724(-) TCTTA(A/C/G)ACTGA reference, missense
rs137853595 Farber lipogranulomatosis (FRBRL) 18,075,559(-) AACCT(A/G)TCCTC reference, missense
VAR_021581 Farber lipogranulomatosis (FRBRL)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ASAH1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2055e212 CNV loss 25503493
esv3616511 CNV gain 21293372
esv3891365 CNV gain 25118596
nsv1026366 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1115070 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv522647 CNV loss 19592680
nsv610713 CNV loss 21841781
nsv820215 CNV loss 19587683

Variation tolerance for ASAH1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 97.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.44; 64.03% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ASAH1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
ASAH1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ASAH1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASAH1 Gene

Disorders for ASAH1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for ASAH1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
farber lipogranulomatosis
  • acid ceramidase deficiency
spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy
  • hereditary myoclonus with progressive distal muscular atrophy
lipogranulomatosis
  • erdheim-chester disease
spinal muscular atrophy
  • juvenile spinal muscular atrophy
muscular atrophy
  • amyotrophia nos
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ASAH1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

ASAH1_HUMAN
  • Farber lipogranulomatosis (FRBRL) [MIM:228000]: An autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by subcutaneous lipid-loaded nodules, excruciating pain in the joints and extremities, and marked accumulation of ceramide in lysosomes. Disease severity is variable. The most severe disease subtype is a rare neonatal form with death occurring before 1 year of age. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10610716, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10993717, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11241842, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12638942, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16951918, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20609603, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21893389, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21982811, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8955159}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (SMAPME) [MIM:159950]: An autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterized by childhood onset of motor deficits and progressive myoclonic seizures, after normal developmental milestones. Proximal muscle weakness and generalized muscular atrophy are due to degeneration of spinal motor neurons. Myoclonic epilepsy is generally resistant to conventional therapy. The disease course is progressive and leads to respiratory muscle involvement and severe handicap or early death from respiratory insufficiency. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22703880, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24164096}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for ASAH1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ASAH1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
ASAH1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
ASAH1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ASAH1: view

No data available for Genatlas for ASAH1 Gene

Publications for ASAH1 Gene

  1. The human acid ceramidase gene (ASAH): structure, chromosomal location, mutation analysis, and expression. (PMID: 10610716) Li C.M. … Schuchman E.H. (Genomics 1999) 2 3 4 22 65
  2. Molecular cloning and characterization of a full-length complementary DNA encoding human acid ceramidase. Identification of the first molecular lesion causing Farber disease. (PMID: 8955159) Koch J. … Sandhoff K. (J. Biol. Chem. 1996) 2 3 4 22 65
  3. Novel V97G ASAH1 mutation found in Farber disease patients: unique appearance of the disease with an intermediate severity, and marked early involvement of central and peripheral nervous system. (PMID: 21893389) Chedrawi A.K. … Kaya N. (Brain Dev. 2012) 3 4 65
  4. Spinal muscular atrophy associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy is caused by mutations in ASAH1. (PMID: 22703880) Zhou J. … Melki J. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2012) 3 4 65
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 46 65

Products for ASAH1 Gene

Sources for ASAH1 Gene

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