Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for ARL15 Gene

Aliases for ARL15 Gene

  • ADP Ribosylation Factor Like GTPase 15 2 3 5
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factor-Related Protein 2 3 4
  • ARF-Related Protein 2 3 4
  • ARFRP2 3 4
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factor Related Protein 2 2
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factor-Like Protein 15 3
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factor Like GTPase 15 2
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factor-Like 15 3

External Ids for ARL15 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ARL15 Gene

  • ARFRP2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ARL15 Gene

  • GC05M053217
  • GC05M053180
  • GC05M050152

Summaries for ARL15 Gene

GeneCards Summary for ARL15 Gene

ARL15 (ADP Ribosylation Factor Like GTPase 15) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000272822.

Additional gene information for ARL15 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ARL15 Gene

Genomics for ARL15 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ARL15 Gene

Enhancers for ARL15 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH05H054215 1.4 ENCODE 11.5 +95.0 95001 0 ZBTB33 ARL15 FST GC05M054128 ENSG00000279638
GH05H054273 0.8 ENCODE 19.2 +36.7 36655 0 HDGF LEF1 ATF1 TBL1XR1 ARNT BACH1 MTA3 ZNF316 CTBP1 GATA2 ARL15 ENSG00000279638 GC05M054128
GH05H054249 0.8 Ensembl 17.4 +60.9 60859 0 PKNOX1 NFIB ZNF195 ZBTB40 ZNF776 ZNF766 LCORL EED ZNF350 ATF7 ARL15 ENSG00000279638 GC05M054128
GH05H054251 0.6 ENCODE 16.6 +58.3 58262 1 LEF1 JUN FOSL1 JUND GATA3 ZSCAN5C FOS FOSL2 PRDM1 TCF7L2 ARL15 ENSG00000279638 GC05M054128
GH05H054359 0.6 ENCODE 11 -50.6 -50608 2 FOSL1 PKNOX1 JUND POLR2A IKZF1 BHLHE40 ARL15 HSPB3 NDUFS4 RPL37P25 LINC01033
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ARL15 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ARL15 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for ARL15 Gene

53,883,945 bp from pter
54,310,586 bp from pter
426,642 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ARL15 Gene

Genes around ARL15 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ARL15 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ARL15 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ARL15 Gene

Proteins for ARL15 Gene

  • Protein details for ARL15 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    ADP-ribosylation factor-like protein 15
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6IAD0

    Protein attributes for ARL15 Gene

    204 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    22876 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for ARL15 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ARL15 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys157
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for ARL15 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ARL15 Gene

Domains & Families for ARL15 Gene

Gene Families for ARL15 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for ARL15 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ARL15 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Arf family.
  • Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Arf family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ARL15: view

Function for ARL15 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ARL15 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ARL15 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ARL15: view

Phenotypes for ARL15 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ARL15: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for ARL15
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ARL15 Gene

Localization for ARL15 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ARL15 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 2
peroxisome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cell Junctions (2)
  • Golgi apparatus (2)
  • Plasma membrane (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ARL15 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ARL15: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ARL15 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ARL15 Gene

SuperPathways for ARL15 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ARL15 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007264 small GTPase mediated signal transduction IEA --
GO:0008150 biological_process ND --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ARL15: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for ARL15 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ARL15 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for ARL15 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ARL15 Gene

ADP-ribosylation factor-like 15:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for ARL15
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ARL15 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ARL15 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ARL15 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ARL15 Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ARL15 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ARL15 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ARL15 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ARL15 Gene

  • Intestine(4.2)
  • Thyroid gland(2.2)
  • Nervous system(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ARL15: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ARL15 Gene

Orthologs for ARL15 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ARL15 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ARL15 33 34
  • 99.51 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ARL15 33 34
  • 95.26 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ARL15 33 34
  • 93.73 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Arl15 33 16 34
  • 90.36 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Arl15 33
  • 88.83 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ARL15 34
  • 85 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ARL15 34
  • 84 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ARL15 33 34
  • 85.79 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ARL15 34
  • 87 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia arl15 33
  • 79.51 (n)
Str.3925 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.15654 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii arl15b 33 34
  • 73.12 (n)
arl15a 34
  • 67 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.3759 33
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea arl-13 34
  • 13 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ARL1 34
  • 32 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.3634 34
  • 13 (a)
Species where no ortholog for ARL15 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ARL15 Gene

Gene Tree for ARL15 (if available)
Gene Tree for ARL15 (if available)

Paralogs for ARL15 Gene

Paralogs for ARL15 Gene

(18) SIMAP similar genes for ARL15 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ARL15: view

Variants for ARL15 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ARL15 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000002505 -- 53,892,937(+) AGTAT(C/G)GTCTT intron-variant
rs1000003530 -- 54,150,721(+) TGAAC(C/T)CATGA intron-variant
rs1000003904 -- 54,011,151(+) AAGTC(G/T)CTAGA intron-variant
rs1000011793 -- 54,294,424(+) TATTA(C/T)TTAGG intron-variant
rs1000014241 -- 54,110,652(+) GAATG(C/T)TTATC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ARL15 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv5666n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5668n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv9786n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv1766790 CNV insertion 17803354
esv2542415 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2663755 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2730185 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3570146 CNV loss 25503493
esv3605079 CNV loss 21293372
esv3605080 CNV loss 21293372
esv3605081 CNV gain 21293372
esv3605082 CNV loss 21293372
esv3605083 CNV loss 21293372
esv7542 CNV loss 19470904
esv997418 CNV insertion 20482838
nsv1024281 CNV gain 25217958
nsv328114 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv329076 CNV insertion 16902084
nsv329660 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv472823 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv476695 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv4829 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv4830 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv524694 CNV gain 19592680
nsv598175 CNV gain 21841781
nsv598178 CNV loss 21841781
nsv823074 CNV loss 20364138
nsv830298 CNV gain 17160897
nsv830299 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for ARL15 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 66.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.23; 5.12% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ARL15 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ARL15 Gene

Disorders for ARL15 Gene

Relevant External Links for ARL15

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for ARL15 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ARL15 Gene

Publications for ARL15 Gene

  1. A genome-wide association study reveals variants in ARL15 that influence adiponectin levels. (PMID: 20011104) Richards JB … GIANT Consortium (PLoS genetics 2009) 3 22 45 60
  2. ADP-ribosylation factor-like GTPase 15 enhances insulin-induced AKT phosphorylation in the IR/IRS1/AKT pathway by interacting with ASAP2 and regulating PDPK1 activity. (PMID: 28322786) Zhao J … Zhang X (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2017) 2 3 60
  3. Novel loci for adiponectin levels and their influence on type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits: a multi-ethnic meta-analysis of 45,891 individuals. (PMID: 22479202) Dastani Z … Kathiresan S (PLoS genetics 2012) 3 45 60
  4. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 45 60
  5. Biological, clinical and population relevance of 95 loci for blood lipids. (PMID: 20686565) Teslovich TM … Kathiresan S (Nature 2010) 3 45 60

Products for ARL15 Gene

Sources for ARL15 Gene

Loading form....