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Aliases for APOBEC3C Gene

Aliases for APOBEC3C Gene

  • Apolipoprotein B MRNA Editing Enzyme, Catalytic Polypeptide-Like 3C 2 3
  • Phorbolin I 3 4
  • APOBEC1L 3 4
  • A3C 3 4
  • PBI 3 4
  • Apolipoprotein B Editing Enzyme Catalytic Polypeptide-Like 3C 3
  • Probable DNA DC->DU-Editing Enzyme APOBEC-3C 3
  • DNA DC->DU-Editing Enzyme APOBEC-3C 3
  • APOBEC1-Like 4
  • EC 3.5.4.- 4
  • BK150C2.3 3
  • ARDC2 3
  • ARDC4 3
  • Arp5 3

External Ids for APOBEC3C Gene

Summaries for APOBEC3C Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for APOBEC3C Gene

  • This gene is a member of the cytidine deaminase gene family. It is one of seven related genes or pseudogenes found in a cluster thought to result from gene duplication, on chromosome 22. Members of the cluster encode proteins that are structurally and functionally related to the C to U RNA-editing cytidine deaminase APOBEC1. It is thought that the proteins may be RNA editing enzymes and have roles in growth or cell cycle control. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for APOBEC3C Gene

APOBEC3C (Apolipoprotein B MRNA Editing Enzyme, Catalytic Polypeptide-Like 3C) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with APOBEC3C include hiv-1. GO annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in cyclic amidines. An important paralog of this gene is AICDA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for APOBEC3C Gene

  • DNA deaminase (cytidine deaminase) which acts as an inhibitor of retrovirus replication and retrotransposon mobility via deaminase-dependent and -independent mechanisms. After the penetration of retroviral nucleocapsids into target cells of infection and the initiation of reverse transcription, it can induce the conversion of cytosine to uracil in the minus-sense single-strand viral DNA, leading to G-to-A hypermutations in the subsequent plus-strand viral DNA. The resultant detrimental levels of mutations in the proviral genome, along with a deamination-independent mechanism that works prior to the proviral integration, together exert efficient antiretroviral effects in infected target cells. Selectively targets single-stranded DNA and does not deaminate double-stranded DNA or single-or double-stranded RNA. Exhibits antiviral activity against simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), herpes simplex virus 1 (HHV-1) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and may inhibit the mobility of LTR and non-LTR retrotransposons. May also play a role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression through the process of active DNA demethylation.

Gene Wiki entry for APOBEC3C Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for APOBEC3C Gene

Genomics for APOBEC3C Gene

Genomic Location for APOBEC3C Gene

Start:
39,014,083 bp from pter
End:
39,020,352 bp from pter
Size:
6,270 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for APOBEC3C Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for APOBEC3C Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for APOBEC3C Gene

Regulatory Elements for APOBEC3C Gene

Proteins for APOBEC3C Gene

  • Protein details for APOBEC3C Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9NRW3-ABC3C_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    DNA dC->dU-editing enzyme APOBEC-3C
    Protein Accession:
    Q9NRW3
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R884
    • Q5JZ92
    • Q7Z2N7
    • Q96F12

    Protein attributes for APOBEC3C Gene

    Size:
    190 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    22826 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Interacts with human foamy virus protein Bet; this interaction does not induce APOBEC3C degradation, but prevents dimerization and incorporation into virion of the latter. Interacts with TRIB3 and AGO2.
    Miscellaneous:
    • It is one of seven related genes or pseudogenes found in a cluster, thought to result from gene duplication, on chromosome 22
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAF86650.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=172; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for APOBEC3C Gene

neXtProt entry for APOBEC3C Gene

Proteomics data for APOBEC3C Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for APOBEC3C Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys10 and Lys51

Other Protein References for APOBEC3C Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for APOBEC3C Gene

Domains for APOBEC3C Gene

Gene Families for APOBEC3C Gene

HGNC:
  • APOBEC :Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzymes

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ABC3C_HUMAN
Domain:
  • Contains 1 CMP/dCMP-type deaminase domain.:
    • Q9NRW3
Family:
  • Belongs to the cytidine and deoxycytidylate deaminase family.:
    • Q9NRW3
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with APOBEC3C: view

Function for APOBEC3C Gene

Molecular function for APOBEC3C Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: Cytidine + H(2)O = uridine + NH(3)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: DNA deaminase (cytidine deaminase) which acts as an inhibitor of retrovirus replication and retrotransposon mobility via deaminase-dependent and -independent mechanisms. After the penetration of retroviral nucleocapsids into target cells of infection and the initiation of reverse transcription, it can induce the conversion of cytosine to uracil in the minus-sense single-strand viral DNA, leading to G-to-A hypermutations in the subsequent plus-strand viral DNA. The resultant detrimental levels of mutations in the proviral genome, along with a deamination-independent mechanism that works prior to the proviral integration, together exert efficient antiretroviral effects in infected target cells. Selectively targets single-stranded DNA and does not deaminate double-stranded DNA or single-or double-stranded RNA. Exhibits antiviral activity against simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), herpes simplex virus 1 (HHV-1) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and may inhibit the mobility of LTR and non-LTR retrotransposons. May also play a role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression through the process of active DNA demethylation.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: Up-regulated by IFN-alpha

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for APOBEC3C Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for APOBEC3C Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 22915799
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IEA --
GO:0016814 hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in cyclic amidines IEA --
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding IDA 22658674
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with APOBEC3C: view

miRNA for APOBEC3C Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target APOBEC3C

No data available for Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for APOBEC3C Gene

Localization for APOBEC3C Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for APOBEC3C Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for APOBEC3C Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for APOBEC3C gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
extracellular 3
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for APOBEC3C Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21835787
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 21835787
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with APOBEC3C: view

Pathways for APOBEC3C Gene

SuperPathways for APOBEC3C Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for APOBEC3C Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0009972 cytidine deamination IDA 21632763
GO:0010529 negative regulation of transposition IDA 16527742
GO:0016032 viral process IEA --
GO:0045071 negative regulation of viral genome replication IDA 21632763
GO:0045087 innate immune response IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with APOBEC3C: view

No data available for Pathways by source for APOBEC3C Gene

Transcripts for APOBEC3C Gene

mRNA/cDNA for APOBEC3C Gene

Unigene Clusters for APOBEC3C Gene

Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3C:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for APOBEC3C Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for APOBEC3C Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
APOBEC3C
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
APOBEC3C

Expression for APOBEC3C Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for APOBEC3C Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for APOBEC3C Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (4.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for APOBEC3C Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for APOBEC3C Gene Hs.441124

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for APOBEC3C Gene

Q9NRW3-ABC3C_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in spleen, testes, peripherical blood lymphocytes, heart, thymus, prostate and ovary.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with APOBEC3C: view

Orthologs for APOBEC3C Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of human and chimp.

Orthologs for APOBEC3C Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia APOBEC3C 36
  • 99.12 (n)
  • 97.89 (a)
APOBEC3C 37
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for APOBEC3C:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for APOBEC3C Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for APOBEC3C (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for APOBEC3C (if available)

Paralogs for APOBEC3C Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for APOBEC3C Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with APOBEC3C: view

Variants for APOBEC3C Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for APOBEC3C Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs7584 -- 39,018,694(+) CTCAT(C/G)CTAGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1139721 -- 39,018,761(+) AGAAT(C/T)GCGTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1534916 -- 39,017,360(+) AAGGC(C/T)GTGCA intron-variant
rs1883277 -- 39,016,924(+) AAAGA(A/C)TCAAT intron-variant
rs1969642 -- 39,017,561(+) CTTGA(A/G)CCTGG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for APOBEC3C Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv915079 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv915080 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv915081 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv915082 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv834196 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv915083 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2724241 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv1001536 CNV Loss 20482838

Relevant External Links for APOBEC3C Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
APOBEC3C

Disorders for APOBEC3C Gene

(1) MalaCards Diseases for APOBEC3C Gene

Search for APOBEC3C Gene in MalaCards »
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with APOBEC3C: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for APOBEC3C Gene

Publications for APOBEC3C Gene

  1. An anthropoid-specific locus of orphan C to U RNA-editing enzymes on chromosome 22. (PMID: 11863358) Jarmuz A. … Navaratnam N. (Genomics 2002) 2 3 4
  2. Hydroxylation of 5-methylcytosine by TET1 promotes active DNA demethylation in the adult brain. (PMID: 21496894) Guo J.U. … Song H. (Cell 2011) 3 4
  3. Genetic editing of herpes simplex virus 1 and Epstein-Barr herpesvirus genomes by human APOBEC3 cytidine deaminases in culture and in vivo. (PMID: 21632763) Suspene R. … Wain-Hobson S. (J. Virol. 2011) 3 4
  4. Hypermutation of hepatitis B virus genomes by APOBEC3G, APOBEC3C and APOBEC3H. (PMID: 18420796) KAPck J. … Blum H.E. (J. Gen. Virol. 2008) 3 23
  5. Hepatitis B: modern concepts in pathogenesis--APOBEC3 cytidine deaminases as effectors in innate immunity against the hepatitis B virus. (PMID: 18448976) Bonvin M. … Greeve J. (Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis. 2008) 4 23

Products for APOBEC3C Gene

  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate APOBEC3C
    • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
    • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for APOBEC3C
    • Block miRNA regulation of APOBEC3C using miScript Target Protectors

    Sources for APOBEC3C Gene

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