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Aliases for APCS Gene

Aliases for APCS Gene

  • Amyloid P Component, Serum 2 3
  • 9.5S Alpha-1-Glycoprotein 2 3 4
  • Pentaxin-Related 2 3
  • PTX2 3 4
  • SAP 3 4
  • Epididymis Secretory Sperm Binding Protein Li 92n 3
  • HEL-S-92n 3

External Ids for APCS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for APCS Gene

  • GC01P157349
  • GC01P155289
  • GC01P156335
  • GC01P156774
  • GC01P156370
  • GC01P157824
  • GC01P130914

Summaries for APCS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for APCS Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein, belonging to the pentraxin family of proteins, which has a characteristic pentameric organization. These family members have considerable sequence homology which is thought to be the result of gene duplication. The binding of the encoded protein to proteins in the pathological amyloid cross-beta fold suggests its possible role as a chaperone. This protein is also thought to control the degradation of chromatin. It has been demonstrated that this protein binds to apoptotic cells at an early stage, which raises the possibility that it is involved in dealing with apoptotic cells in vivo. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

GeneCards Summary for APCS Gene

APCS (Amyloid P Component, Serum) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with APCS include carotenemia and splenic artery aneurysm. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and unfolded protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is PTX3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for APCS Gene

  • Can interact with DNA and histones and may scavenge nuclear material released from damaged circulating cells. May also function as a calcium-dependent lectin

Gene Wiki entry for APCS Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for APCS Gene

Genomics for APCS Gene

Regulatory Elements for APCS Gene

Genomic Location for APCS Gene

159,587,825 bp from pter
159,588,871 bp from pter
1,047 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for APCS Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for APCS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for APCS Gene

Proteins for APCS Gene

  • Protein details for APCS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Serum amyloid P-component
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for APCS Gene

    223 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25387 Da
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108; Note=Binds 2 calcium ions per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homopentamer. Pentaxin (or pentraxin) have a discoid arrangement of 5 non-covalently bound subunits

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for APCS Gene

neXtProt entry for APCS Gene

Proteomics data for APCS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for APCS Gene

  • N-glycosylated with a complex biantennary oligosaccharide chain with a sialic acid at the end (disialo-SAP). Monosialo-SAP as well as asioalo-SAP are also detected (PubMed:15174148).
  • Glycosylation at Asn 51
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for APCS Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for APCS (Pentraxin 2/SAP)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for APCS Gene

Domains & Families for APCS Gene

Gene Families for APCS Gene

Protein Domains for APCS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for APCS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 pentaxin domain.
  • Belongs to the pentaxin family.
  • Contains 1 pentaxin domain.
  • Belongs to the pentaxin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with APCS: view

Function for APCS Gene

Molecular function for APCS Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
amyloid P component,serum,pentaxin (pentraxin) family
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Can interact with DNA and histones and may scavenge nuclear material released from damaged circulating cells. May also function as a calcium-dependent lectin

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for APCS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001849 complement component C1q binding IDA 23544079
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IDA 23544079
GO:0030246 carbohydrate binding IEA --
GO:0046790 virion binding IDA 23544079
GO:0051082 unfolded protein binding TAS 10812074
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with APCS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with APCS: view

Animal Models for APCS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for APCS:

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for APCS

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for APCS Gene

Localization for APCS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for APCS Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for APCS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for APCS gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for APCS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 14607961
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21630459
GO:0031012 colocalizes_with extracellular matrix IDA 20551380
GO:0043234 protein complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with APCS: view

Pathways & Interactions for APCS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with APCS: view

Pathways by source for APCS Gene

2 Reactome pathways for APCS Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for APCS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002674 negative regulation of acute inflammatory response IC 14607961
GO:0006457 protein folding TAS 10812074
GO:0006461 protein complex assembly --
GO:0006953 acute-phase response TAS 2987268
GO:0044267 cellular protein metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with APCS: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for APCS Gene

Drugs & Compounds for APCS Gene

(7) Drugs for APCS Gene - From: NovoSeek, DrugBank, and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Indinavir Approved Pharma 110
Saquinavir Approved, Investigational Pharma 88
BIS-1,2-{[(Z)-2-CARBOXY-2-METHYL-1,3-DIOXANE]-5-YLOXYCARBAMOYL}-ETHANE Experimental Pharma Target 0
BIS-1,2-{[(Z)-2CARBOXY-2-METHYL-1,3-DIOXANE]-5-YLOXYCARBONYL}-PIPERAZINE Experimental Pharma Target 0
Methyl 4,6-O-[(1r)-1-Carboxyethylidene]-Beta-D-Galactopyranoside Experimental Pharma Target 0

(5) Additional Compounds for APCS Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with APCS: view

Transcripts for APCS Gene

mRNA/cDNA for APCS Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(7) Additional mRNA sequences :
(177) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for APCS Gene

Amyloid P component, serum:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for APCS

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for APCS Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for APCS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for APCS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for APCS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for APCS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x52.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for APCS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for APCS Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for APCS Gene Hs.507080

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for APCS Gene

Tissue specificity: Found in serum and urine.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with APCS: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for APCS Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for APCS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for APCS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia APCS 35
  • 81.08 (n)
  • 74.32 (a)
  • 74 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Apcs 35
  • 74.02 (n)
  • 69.37 (a)
Apcs 16
Apcs 36
  • 69 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia APCS 35
  • 99.1 (n)
  • 98.21 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Apcs 35
  • 76.13 (n)
  • 72.07 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia APCS 36
  • 60 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 50 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CRP 36
  • 45 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 38 (a)
-- 36
  • 41 (a)
-- 36
  • 42 (a)
-- 36
  • 43 (a)
-- 36
  • 37 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii crp 36
  • 31 (a)
crp1 36
  • 31 (a)
crp2 36
  • 35 (a)
crp3 36
  • 32 (a)
crp6 36
  • 30 (a)
crp7 36
  • 32 (a)
si:ch211-234p6.9 36
  • 27 (a)
Species with no ortholog for APCS:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for APCS Gene

Gene Tree for APCS (if available)
Gene Tree for APCS (if available)

Paralogs for APCS Gene

Paralogs for APCS Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for APCS Gene using alignment to 1 proteins: Pseudogenes for APCS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with APCS: view

Variants for APCS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for APCS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2592882 -- 159,587,521(+) AGAGA(A/G)GGGGC upstream-variant-2KB
rs2808646 -- 159,586,134(+) GGATA(A/T)TAGAA upstream-variant-2KB
rs2808655 -- 159,587,565(+) CAGCC(C/T)AGCGC upstream-variant-2KB
rs2808661 -- 159,588,468(+) TTTGT(A/G)GAAGC reference, synonymous-codon
rs2808662 -- 159,589,031(+) ATATC(A/G)CAAAG downstream-variant-500B

Variation tolerance for APCS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 42.58% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.51; 11.14% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for APCS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for APCS Gene

Disorders for APCS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for APCS Gene - From: DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • hypercarotinemia
splenic artery aneurysm
  • aneurysm of splenic artery
candida glabrata
  • torulopsis glabrata
shwartzman phenomenon
  • shwartzman reaction
amyloidosis, familial visceral
  • amyloidosis, 3 or more types
- elite association
Search APCS in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Note=SAP is a precursor of amyloid component P which is found in basement membrane and associated with amyloid deposits.

Relevant External Links for APCS

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with APCS: view

No data available for Genatlas for APCS Gene

Publications for APCS Gene

  1. Human oral keratinocyte E-cadherin degradation by Candida albicans and Candida glabrata. (PMID: 20359311) PAornAonen P. … Virtanen I. (J. Oral Pathol. Med. 2010) 23 67
  2. Trailing end-point phenotype antibiotic-sensitive strains of Candida albicans produce different amounts of aspartyl peptidases. (PMID: 19649403) Braga-Silva L.A. … Santos A.L. (Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 2009) 23 67
  3. Identification of markers that distinguish monocyte-derived fibrocytes from monocytes, macrophages, and fibroblasts. (PMID: 19834619) Pilling D. … Gomer R.H. (PLoS ONE 2009) 23 67
  4. A novel immune evasion strategy of candida albicans: proteolytic cleavage of a salivary antimicrobial peptide. (PMID: 19352427) Meiller T.F. … Jabra-Rizk M.A. (PLoS ONE 2009) 23 67
  5. The crystal structure of the secreted aspartic protease 1 from Candida parapsilosis in complex with pepstatin A. (PMID: 19401235) DostA!l J. … RezA!covA! P. (J. Struct. Biol. 2009) 23 67

Products for APCS Gene

Sources for APCS Gene

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