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Aliases for AP4E1 Gene

Aliases for AP4E1 Gene

  • Adaptor-Related Protein Complex 4, Epsilon 1 Subunit 2 3
  • Adaptor-Related Protein Complex 4 Subunit Epsilon-1 3 4
  • AP-4 Adaptor Complex Subunit Epsilon 3 4
  • Epsilon-Adaptin 3 4
  • CPSQ4 3 6
  • SPG51 3 6
  • Adaptor-Related Protein Complex AP-4 Epsilon 3
  • AP-4 Complex Subunit Epsilon-1 3
  • Epsilon Subunit Of AP-4 4

External Ids for AP4E1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AP4E1 Gene

  • GC15P046758
  • GC15P044246
  • GC15P048780
  • GC15P048917
  • GC15P048988
  • GC15P051200
  • GC15P028030

Summaries for AP4E1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AP4E1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the adaptor complexes large subunit protein family. These proteins are components of the heterotetrameric adaptor protein complexes, which play important roles in the secretory and endocytic pathways by mediating vesicle formation and sorting of integral membrane proteins. The encoded protein is a large subunit of adaptor protein complex-4, which is associated with both clathrin- and nonclathrin-coated vesicles. Disruption of this gene may be associated with cerebral palsy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

GeneCards Summary for AP4E1 Gene

AP4E1 (Adaptor-Related Protein Complex 4, Epsilon 1 Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AP4E1 include spastic paraplegia 51, autosomal recessive and spastic paraplegia 51. Among its related pathways are Lysosome and Clathrin derived vesicle budding. An important paralog of this gene is AP1G2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AP4E1 Gene

  • Subunit of novel type of clathrin- or non-clathrin-associated protein coat involved in targeting proteins from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the endosomal-lysosomal system

Gene Wiki entry for AP4E1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AP4E1 Gene

Genomics for AP4E1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AP4E1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for AP4E1 Gene

50,908,625 bp from pter
51,005,900 bp from pter
97,276 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for AP4E1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for AP4E1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AP4E1 Gene

Proteins for AP4E1 Gene

  • Protein details for AP4E1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    AP-4 complex subunit epsilon-1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0AVD6
    • A1L4A9
    • A6NNX7
    • H0YKX4
    • Q68D31
    • Q9Y588

    Protein attributes for AP4E1 Gene

    1137 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    127287 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Adaptor protein complex 4 (AP-4) is a heterotetramer composed of two large adaptins (epsilon-type subunit AP4E1 and beta-type subunit AP4B1), a medium adaptin (mu-type subunit AP4M1) and a small adaptin (sigma-type AP4S1)

    Alternative splice isoforms for AP4E1 Gene


neXtProt entry for AP4E1 Gene

Proteomics data for AP4E1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AP4E1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for AP4E1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AP4E1 Gene

Domains for AP4E1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AP4E1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9UPM8
  • Belongs to the adaptor complexes large subunit family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AP4E1: view

No data available for Gene Families for AP4E1 Gene

Function for AP4E1 Gene

Molecular function for AP4E1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Subunit of novel type of clathrin- or non-clathrin-associated protein coat involved in targeting proteins from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the endosomal-lysosomal system

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AP4E1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity --
GO:0005488 binding --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AP4E1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AP4E1: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for AP4E1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target AP4E1

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AP4E1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for AP4E1 Gene

Localization for AP4E1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AP4E1 Gene

Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network. Membrane, coated pit. Note=Associated with the trans-Golgi network. Found in soma and dendritic shafts of neuronal cells.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AP4E1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AP4E1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 2
golgi apparatus 2
nucleus 2
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AP4E1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus --
GO:0005905 coated pit IEA --
GO:0030117 membrane coat IEA --
GO:0030126 COPI vesicle coat --
GO:0031904 endosome lumen TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AP4E1: view

Pathways for AP4E1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AP4E1: view

Pathways by source for AP4E1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AP4E1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006886 intracellular protein transport IEA --
GO:0006892 post-Golgi vesicle-mediated transport TAS --
GO:0016192 vesicle-mediated transport --
GO:0061024 membrane organization TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AP4E1: view

Transcripts for AP4E1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AP4E1 Gene

Adaptor-related protein complex 4, epsilon 1 subunit:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AP4E1

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for AP4E1

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AP4E1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18a · 18b ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for AP4E1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AP4E1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AP4E1 Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for AP4E1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AP4E1 Gene Hs.413366

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AP4E1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with AP4E1: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for AP4E1 Gene

Orthologs for AP4E1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AP4E1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AP4E1 35
  • 99.65 (n)
  • 99.38 (a)
AP4E1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AP4E1 35
  • 91.64 (n)
  • 90.77 (a)
AP4E1 36
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AP4E1 35
  • 91.41 (n)
  • 91.82 (a)
AP4E1 36
  • 91 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ap4e1 35
  • 83.82 (n)
  • 81.62 (a)
Ap4e1 16
Ap4e1 36
  • 81 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AP4E1 36
  • 79 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AP4E1 36
  • 41 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ap4e1 35
  • 83.38 (n)
  • 81.58 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AP4E1 35
  • 72.2 (n)
  • 69.96 (a)
AP4E1 36
  • 67 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AP4E1 36
  • 85 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.10831 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ap4e1 35
  • 64.88 (n)
  • 62.89 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ap4e1 35
  • 56.99 (n)
  • 55.61 (a)
ap4e1 36
  • 53 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta AP-1gamma 36
  • 19 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea apg-1 36
  • 19 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes APL4 36
  • 17 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT1G31730 35
  • 48.92 (n)
  • 41.1 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0916200 35
  • 49.62 (n)
  • 42.35 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 20 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AP4E1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for AP4E1 Gene

Gene Tree for AP4E1 (if available)
Gene Tree for AP4E1 (if available)

Paralogs for AP4E1 Gene

Paralogs for AP4E1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for AP4E1 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AP4E1: view

Variants for AP4E1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AP4E1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 15 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs714784 -- 51,004,210(+) TGACT(C/T)CAGGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs936482 -- 50,918,444(-) ATCTA(C/T)TGTTT intron-variant
rs1135397 -- 50,907,567(+) ctgag(A/G)gcaaa upstream-variant-2KB
rs1147128 -- 50,915,786(+) CTAAA(A/G)ATTTC intron-variant
rs1147129 -- 50,912,167(+) AGTCA(A/G)TGCCA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AP4E1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv516168 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv904214 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2452631 CNV Insertion 19546169
esv271761 CNV Insertion 20981092
esv34532 CNV Gain 17911159
dgv747e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv9264 CNV Loss 18304495

Relevant External Links for AP4E1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AP4E1 Gene

Disorders for AP4E1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (3) Diseases for AP4E1 Gene including...

Search for AP4E1 Gene in MalaCards »

(1) OMIM Diseases for AP4E1 Gene (607244)


  • Cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegic 4 (CPSQ4) [MIM:613744]: A non-progressive disorder of movement and/or posture resulting from defects in the developing central nervous system. Affected individuals manifest motor and posture impairments often associated with epilepsy and disturbances of cognition, behavior, sensation, and communication. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:20972249}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for AP4E1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AP4E1: view

Publications for AP4E1 Gene

  1. Characterization of a fourth adaptor-related protein complex. (PMID: 10436028) Hirst J. … Robinson M.S. (Mol. Biol. Cell 1999) 2 3 4
  2. Similar subunit interactions contribute to assembly of clathrin adaptor complexes and COPI complex: analysis using yeast three-hybrid system. (PMID: 11409905) Takatsu H. … Nakayama K. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2001) 3 4
  3. Adaptor protein complex-4 (AP-4) deficiency causes a novel autosomal recessive cerebral palsy syndrome with microcephaly and intellectual disability. (PMID: 20972249) Moreno-De-Luca A. … Martin C.L. (J. Med. Genet. 2011) 3 4
  4. Adaptor protein complex 4 deficiency causes severe autosomal- recessive intellectual disability, progressive spastic paraplegia, shy character, and short stature. (PMID: 21620353) Abou Jamra R. … Colleaux L. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2011) 2 3
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4

Products for AP4E1 Gene

Sources for AP4E1 Gene

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