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Aliases for ANTXR2 Gene

Aliases for ANTXR2 Gene

  • Anthrax Toxin Receptor 2 2 3 5
  • Capillary Morphogenesis Gene 2 Protein 3 4
  • Capillary Morphogenesis Protein 2 2 3
  • CMG-2 3 4
  • CMG2 3 4
  • HFS 3
  • ISH 3
  • JHF 3

External Ids for ANTXR2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ANTXR2 Gene

  • GC04M081219
  • GC04M081285
  • GC04M081183
  • GC04M081045
  • GC04M080822
  • GC04M076572

Summaries for ANTXR2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ANTXR2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a receptor for anthrax toxin. The protein binds to collagen IV and laminin, suggesting that it may be involved in extracellular matrix adhesion. Mutations in this gene cause juvenile hyaline fibromatosis and infantile systemic hyalinosis. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

GeneCards Summary for ANTXR2 Gene

ANTXR2 (Anthrax Toxin Receptor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ANTXR2 include Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome and Hyalinosis, Inherited Systemic. Among its related pathways are Infectious disease and Uptake and actions of bacterial toxins. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is ANTXR1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANTXR2 Gene

  • Necessary for cellular interactions with laminin and the extracellular matrix.

Gene Wiki entry for ANTXR2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ANTXR2 Gene

Genomics for ANTXR2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ANTXR2 Gene

Enhancers for ANTXR2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around ANTXR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for ANTXR2 Gene

79,901,149 bp from pter
80,125,454 bp from pter
224,306 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ANTXR2 Gene

Genes around ANTXR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ANTXR2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ANTXR2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ANTXR2 Gene

Proteins for ANTXR2 Gene

  • Protein details for ANTXR2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Anthrax toxin receptor 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q4W5H6
    • Q59E98
    • Q5JPE9
    • Q86UI1
    • Q8N4J8
    • Q8NB13
    • Q96NC7

    Protein attributes for ANTXR2 Gene

    489 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    53666 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds laminin, and possibly also collagen type IV. Binds to the protective antigen (PA) of Bacillus anthracis in a divalent cation-dependent manner, with the following preference: calcium > manganese > magnesium > zinc. Binding of PA leads to heptamerization of the receptor-PA complex.
    • Upon binding of the protective antigen (PA) of Bacillus anthracis the complex moves to glycosphingolipid-rich lipid rafts, where it is internalized via a clathrin-dependent pathway. In the endosomal membrane, at pH under 7, the complex then rearranges and forms a pore allowing the other components of anthrax toxin to escape to the cytoplasm.
    • Sequence=AAY40907.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB70976.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAD93150.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ANTXR2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ANTXR2 Gene


neXtProt entry for ANTXR2 Gene

Proteomics data for ANTXR2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ANTXR2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 443 and Lys 449
  • Glycosylation at Asn 250 and Asn 260
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for ANTXR2 Gene

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for ANTXR2 (CMG-2/ANTXR2)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ANTXR2 Gene

Domains & Families for ANTXR2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ANTXR2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Binding to PA seems to be effected through the VWA domain.
  • Belongs to the ATR family.
  • Binding to PA seems to be effected through the VWA domain.
  • Contains 1 VWFA domain.
  • Belongs to the ATR family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ANTXR2: view

No data available for Gene Families for ANTXR2 Gene

Function for ANTXR2 Gene

Molecular function for ANTXR2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Necessary for cellular interactions with laminin and the extracellular matrix.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ANTXR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15044490
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANTXR2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ANTXR2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for ANTXR2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for ANTXR2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ANTXR2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for ANTXR2

miRNA for ANTXR2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ANTXR2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ANTXR2 Gene

Localization for ANTXR2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANTXR2 Gene

Isoform 1: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Expressed at the cell surface.
Isoform 2: Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Expressed predominantly within the endoplasmic reticulum and not at the plasma membrane.
Isoform 3: Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ANTXR2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ANTXR2 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
endosome 5
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ANTXR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane IEA --
GO:0010008 endosome membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANTXR2: view

Pathways & Interactions for ANTXR2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ANTXR2: view

Pathways by source for ANTXR2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ANTXR2 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ANTXR2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ANTXR2 Gene

(3) Drugs for ANTXR2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Manganese Pharma 32
calcium Nutra 0
Magnesium Nutra 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ANTXR2: view

Transcripts for ANTXR2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ANTXR2 Gene

Anthrax toxin receptor 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ANTXR2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19a · 19b ^ 20
SP1: - -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for ANTXR2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ANTXR2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ANTXR2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ANTXR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Gastroesophageal Junction (x5.1) and Esophagus - Muscularis (x4.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ANTXR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (42.8) and Breast (9.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ANTXR2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ANTXR2 Gene Hs.162963

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ANTXR2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in prostate, thymus, ovary, testis, pancreas, colon, heart, kidney, lung, liver, peripheral blood leukocytes, placenta, skeletal muscle, small intestine and spleen.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ANTXR2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for ANTXR2 Gene

Orthologs for ANTXR2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ANTXR2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ANTXR2 35
  • 89.69 (n)
  • 89.96 (a)
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ANTXR2 35
  • 91.33 (n)
  • 91.6 (a)
  • 88 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Antxr2 35
  • 83.5 (n)
  • 84.8 (a)
Antxr2 16
Antxr2 36
  • 83 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ANTXR2 35
  • 99.52 (n)
  • 99.59 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Antxr2 35
  • 81.8 (n)
  • 84.87 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ANTXR2 36
  • 79 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ANTXR2 36
  • 63 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ANTXR2 35
  • 72.59 (n)
  • 75.63 (a)
  • 70 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ANTXR2 36
  • 62 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia antxr2 35
  • 68.65 (n)
  • 70.64 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii antxr2a 35
  • 64.81 (n)
  • 62.72 (a)
Dr.12251 35
antxr2a 36
  • 59 (a)
antxr2b 36
  • 58 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ANTXR2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ANTXR2 Gene

Gene Tree for ANTXR2 (if available)
Gene Tree for ANTXR2 (if available)

Paralogs for ANTXR2 Gene

Paralogs for ANTXR2 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for ANTXR2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ANTXR2: view

Variants for ANTXR2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ANTXR2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_022687 Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS)
VAR_022688 Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS)
VAR_022689 Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS)
VAR_022690 Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS)
VAR_022692 Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ANTXR2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv829983 CNV Gain 17160897
esv2727864 CNV Deletion 23290073
dgv5639n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv508292 CNV Loss 20534489
esv990746 CNV Deletion 20482838
nsv513141 CNV Loss 21212237
esv2499655 CNV Deletion 19546169
esv1971160 CNV Deletion 18987734
nsv435785 CNV Deletion 17901297
esv4125 CNV Deletion 18987735
nsv499050 CNV Loss 21111241
esv8066 CNV Loss 19470904
esv2727865 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv1666878 CNV Deletion 17803354
nsv291362 CNV Loss 16902084
dgv882n67 CNV Gain 20364138
esv24253 CNV Gain 19812545
esv2727866 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2727867 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2449837 CNV Deletion 19546169

Variation tolerance for ANTXR2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 39.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.06; 50.53% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ANTXR2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANTXR2 Gene

Disorders for ANTXR2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(13) MalaCards diseases for ANTXR2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hyaline fibromatosis syndrome
  • neurofibromatosis 1
hyalinosis, inherited systemic
  • hyaline fibromatosis syndrome
gingival hypertrophy
  • hypertrophy of gingivae
anthrax disease
  • gas gangrene
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS) [MIM:228600]: An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by abnormal growth of hyalinized fibrous tissue usually affecting subcutaneous regions on the scalp, ears, neck, face, hands, and feet. The lesions appear as pearly papules or fleshy nodules. Additional features include gingival hypertrophy, progressive joint contractures resulting in severe limitation of mobility, osteopenia, and osteoporosis. Disease severity is variable. Some individuals manifest symptoms in infancy and have additional visceral or systemic involvement. Hyaline deposits in multiple organs, recurrent infections and intractable diarrhea often lead to early death. Surviving children may suffer from severely reduced mobility due to joint contractures. Other patients have later onset of a milder disorder affecting only the face and digits. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12973667, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14508707, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15725249}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for ANTXR2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ANTXR2: view

No data available for Genatlas for ANTXR2 Gene

Publications for ANTXR2 Gene

  1. Differential gene expression during capillary morphogenesis in 3D collagen matrices: regulated expression of genes involved in basement membrane matrix assembly, cell cycle progression, cellular differentiation and G-protein signaling. (PMID: 11683410) Bell S.E. … Davis G.E. (J. Cell Sci. 2001) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Systemic hyalinosis mutations in the CMG2 ectodomain leading to loss of function through retention in the endoplasmic reticulum. (PMID: 19191226) Deuquet J. … van der Goot F.G. (Hum. Mutat. 2009) 3 23
  3. Divalent metal ion coordination by residue T118 of anthrax toxin receptor 2 is not essential for protective antigen binding. (PMID: 17183731) Scobie H.M. … Young J.A. (PLoS ONE 2006) 3 23
  4. Binding stoichiometry and kinetics of the interaction of a human anthrax toxin receptor, CMG2, with protective antigen. (PMID: 15044490) Wigelsworth D.J. … Collier R.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 23
  5. Crystal structure of a complex between anthrax toxin and its host cell receptor. (PMID: 15243628) Santelli E. … Liddington R.C. (Nature 2004) 3 23

Products for ANTXR2 Gene

Sources for ANTXR2 Gene