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Aliases for ANKRD2 Gene

Aliases for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Ankyrin Repeat Domain 2 2 3 5
  • Ankyrin Repeat Domain 2 (Stretch Responsive Muscle) 2 3
  • Skeletal Muscle Ankyrin Repeat Protein 3 4
  • ARPP 3 4
  • Ankyrin Repeat Domain-Containing Protein 2 3
  • HArpp 4

External Ids for ANKRD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ANKRD2 Gene

  • GC10P098225
  • GC10P098565
  • GC10P099463
  • GC10P098996
  • GC10P099322
  • GC10P092958

Summaries for ANKRD2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ANKRD2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the muscle ankyrin repeat protein (MARP) family. A similar gene in rodents is a component of a muscle stress response pathway and plays a role in the stretch-response associated with slow muscle function. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

GeneCards Summary for ANKRD2 Gene

ANKRD2 (Ankyrin Repeat Domain 2) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of muscle and protein kinase B binding. An important paralog of this gene is ANKRD1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Functions as a negative regulator of myocyte differentiation. May interact with both sarcoplasmic structural proteins and nuclear proteins to regulate gene expression during muscle development and in response to muscle stress.

Gene Wiki entry for ANKRD2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ANKRD2 Gene

Genomics for ANKRD2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ANKRD2 Gene

Enhancers for ANKRD2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH10F097537 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 16.6 -31.1 -31071 6.9 PKNOX1 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF121 GLIS2 PI4K2A ANKRD2 UBTD1 MMS19 ENSG00000249967 HOGA1 C10orf62 RRP12 GC10P097540
GH10F097548 1 Ensembl ENCODE 17.4 -22.4 -22423 2.2 KLF1 TFAP4 GLI4 ZIC2 ZFHX2 ZNF366 POLR2A ZBTB48 PATZ1 SCRT2 ANKRD2 UBTD1 MMS19 ENSG00000249967 HOGA1 C10orf62 PI4K2A GC10P097540
GH10F097595 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.4 +24.4 24359 3.0 SAP130 JUN BACH1 ZIC2 ZNF121 ZNF664 ZFHX2 ZNF316 ZNF366 POLR2A ANKRD2 MMS19 UBTD1 C10orf62 MORN4
GH10F097639 1.3 FANTOM5 ENCODE 11.8 +68.7 68726 2.7 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A YY1 GLIS2 ZNF143 FOS KLF13 MORN4 ZFYVE27 ANKRD2 AVPI1 C10orf62 ENSG00000249967 HOGA1 MMS19 UBTD1 PI4K2A
GH10F097632 1.1 ENCODE 11.4 +61.0 60984 1.6 HDGF ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF143 MORN4 LOXL4 ENSG00000230928 MARVELD1 ANKRD2 C10orf62 ENSG00000249967 HOGA1 RPL13AP5
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ANKRD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for ANKRD2 Gene

Chromosome:
10
Start:
97,572,441 bp from pter
End:
97,583,884 bp from pter
Size:
11,444 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for ANKRD2 Gene

Genes around ANKRD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ANKRD2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ANKRD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ANKRD2 Gene

Proteins for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Protein details for ANKRD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9GZV1-ANKR2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9GZV1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3B778
    • Q5T456
    • Q70EZ9
    • Q8WUD7
    • Q96MG0
    • Q9NQC9

    Protein attributes for ANKRD2 Gene

    Size:
    360 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39859 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ID3; both proteins cooperate in myoblast differentiation (By similarity). Interacts with TTN/titin. Interacts (via ANK repeats) with TCAP; the interaction is direct. Interacts with TJP1 (via PDZ domains). Interacts with PML; the interaction is direct. Interacts with p53/TP53. Interacts with YBX1. Interacts with AKT2.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AK056990; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=210; Note=Translated as Gln.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB60958.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAC19411.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAC19412.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAE47432.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for ANKRD2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ANKRD2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Phosphorylation at Ser-99 by PKB/AKT2 in response to oxidative stress induces translocation to the nucleus and negatively regulates myoblast differentiation.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ANKRD2 Gene

Domains & Families for ANKRD2 Gene

Gene Families for ANKRD2 Gene

Protein Domains for ANKRD2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ANKRD2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9GZV1

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ANKR2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 5 ANK repeats.
Similarity:
  • Contains 5 ANK repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ANKRD2: view

Function for ANKRD2 Gene

Molecular function for ANKRD2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Functions as a negative regulator of myocyte differentiation. May interact with both sarcoplasmic structural proteins and nuclear proteins to regulate gene expression during muscle development and in response to muscle stress.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ANKRD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IEA --
GO:0008307 structural constituent of muscle NAS 11444853
GO:0031432 titin binding IBA --
GO:0043422 protein kinase B binding IPI 21737686
GO:0061629 RNA polymerase II sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor binding IDA 24434510
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANKRD2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ANKRD2: view

Animal Models for ANKRD2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ANKRD2:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ANKRD2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ANKRD2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ANKRD2 Gene

Localization for ANKRD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANKRD2 Gene

Cytoplasm, myofibril, sarcomere, I band. Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus. Nucleus, PML body. Note=In the sarcoplasm of differentiated striated muscle cells, where it is cytosolic and enriched in the I band. In nucleus and PML bodies of proliferating and undifferentiated myoblasts. Associates with the euchromatin in the nucleus of myocytes upon muscle stress.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ANKRD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
extracellular 1
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ANKRD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000791 euchromatin ISS --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 21737686
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol IEA,IDA 21737686
GO:0016605 PML body IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANKRD2: view

Pathways & Interactions for ANKRD2 Gene

SuperPathways for ANKRD2 Gene

No Data Available

SIGNOR curated interactions for ANKRD2 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ANKRD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IGI 24434510
GO:0001817 regulation of cytokine production IEA --
GO:0006936 muscle contraction NAS 10873377
GO:0007517 muscle organ development NAS 11444853
GO:0010832 negative regulation of myotube differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANKRD2: view

No data available for Pathways by source for ANKRD2 Gene

Transcripts for ANKRD2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ANKRD2 Gene

Ankyrin repeat domain 2 (stretch responsive muscle):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ANKRD2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b
SP1:
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for ANKRD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ANKRD2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ANKRD2

Expression for ANKRD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for ANKRD2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ANKRD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x30.8) and Heart - Left Ventricle (x18.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ANKRD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (35.0), Tonsil (17.3), and Oral epithelium (15.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ANKRD2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ANKRD2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ANKRD2 Gene:

ANKRD2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ANKRD2 Gene:

Hs.73708

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ANKRD2 Gene:

Q9GZV1-ANKR2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Mostly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles. Found in slow fibers. Also expressed in kidney, but to a lower extent (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ANKRD2: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for ANKRD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ANKRD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ANKRD2 34 35
  • 99.35 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ANKRD2 34 35
  • 87.96 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ANKRD2 34 35
  • 86.87 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ankrd2 34 16 35
  • 85.47 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ankrd2 34
  • 83.64 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ANKRD2 35
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ANKRD2 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ANKRD2 34 35
  • 69.69 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ANKRD2 35
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ankrd2 34
  • 64.42 (n)
Str.12117 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia ankrd2-prov 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC101886079 34
  • 56.64 (n)
ankrd2 35
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 27 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for ANKRD2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ANKRD2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ANKRD2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ANKRD2 (if available)

Paralogs for ANKRD2 Gene

Paralogs for ANKRD2 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for ANKRD2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ANKRD2: view

Variants for ANKRD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ANKRD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1018727 -- 97,579,848(-) aggcc(A/G)aggtg intron-variant
rs10748705 -- 97,571,056(+) TGGAC(A/G)GCTGG upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs10786357 -- 97,577,716(+) ATGTC(C/T)CTGTG intron-variant
rs10882967 -- 97,574,051(+) AGATC(C/T)GAGGT intron-variant
rs111686285 -- 97,573,220(+) CCCCA(G/T)TGACT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ANKRD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1036494 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1047359 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1110852 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv7509 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv818782 CNV loss 17921354

Variation tolerance for ANKRD2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 66% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.73; 32.79% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ANKRD2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ANKRD2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANKRD2 Gene

Disorders for ANKRD2 Gene

Relevant External Links for ANKRD2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ANKRD2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
ANKRD2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
ANKRD2

No disorders were found for ANKRD2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ANKRD2 Gene

Publications for ANKRD2 Gene

  1. The Ankrd2 protein, a link between the sarcomere and the nucleus in skeletal muscle. (PMID: 15136035) Kojic S. … Faulkner G. (J. Mol. Biol. 2004) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Identification of Ankrd2, a novel skeletal muscle gene coding for a stretch-responsive ankyrin-repeat protein. (PMID: 10873377) Kemp T.J. … Coulton G.R. (Genomics 2000) 2 3 4 22 64
  3. Ankrd2/ARPP is a novel Akt2 specific substrate and regulates myogenic differentiation upon cellular exposure to H(2)O(2). (PMID: 21737686) Cenni V. … Marmiroli S. (Mol. Biol. Cell 2011) 3 4 64
  4. Multi-tasking role of the mechanosensing protein Ankrd2 in the signaling network of striated muscle. (PMID: 22016770) Belgrano A. … Faulkner G. (PLoS ONE 2011) 3 4 64
  5. A scan of chromosome 10 identifies a novel locus showing strong association with late-onset Alzheimer disease. (PMID: 16385451) Grupe A. … Goate A. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2006) 3 46 64

Products for ANKRD2 Gene

Sources for ANKRD2 Gene

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