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Aliases for ANKRD2 Gene

Aliases for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Ankyrin Repeat Domain 2 2 3
  • Ankyrin Repeat Domain 2 (Stretch Responsive Muscle) 2 3 5
  • Skeletal Muscle Ankyrin Repeat Protein 3 4
  • ARPP 3 4
  • HArpp 4

External Ids for ANKRD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ANKRD2 Gene

  • GC10P098225
  • GC10P098565
  • GC10P099463
  • GC10P098996
  • GC10P099322
  • GC10P092958

Summaries for ANKRD2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ANKRD2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the muscle ankyrin repeat protein (MARP) family. A similar gene in rodents is a component of a muscle stress response pathway and plays a role in the stretch-response associated with slow muscle function. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

GeneCards Summary for ANKRD2 Gene

ANKRD2 (Ankyrin Repeat Domain 2) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of muscle and protein kinase B binding. An important paralog of this gene is ANKRD1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Functions as a negative regulator of myocyte differentiation. May interact with both sarcoplasmic structural proteins and nuclear proteins to regulate gene expression during muscle development and in response to muscle stress.

Gene Wiki entry for ANKRD2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ANKRD2 Gene

Genomics for ANKRD2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ANKRD2 Gene

Enhancers for ANKRD2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around ANKRD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for ANKRD2 Gene

Chromosome:
10
Start:
97,572,441 bp from pter
End:
97,583,884 bp from pter
Size:
11,444 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for ANKRD2 Gene

Genes around ANKRD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ANKRD2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ANKRD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ANKRD2 Gene

Proteins for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Protein details for ANKRD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9GZV1-ANKR2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9GZV1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3B778
    • Q5T456
    • Q70EZ9
    • Q8WUD7
    • Q96MG0
    • Q9NQC9

    Protein attributes for ANKRD2 Gene

    Size:
    360 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39859 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ID3; both proteins cooperate in myoblast differentiation (By similarity). Interacts with TTN/titin. Interacts (via ANK repeats) with TCAP; the interaction is direct. Interacts with TJP1 (via PDZ domains). Interacts with PML; the interaction is direct. Interacts with p53/TP53. Interacts with YBX1. Interacts with AKT2.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AK056990; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=210; Note=Translated as Gln.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB60958.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAC19411.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAC19412.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAE47432.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for ANKRD2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ANKRD2 Gene

Proteomics data for ANKRD2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ANKRD2 Gene

  • Phosphorylation at Ser-99 by PKB/AKT2 in response to oxidative stress induces translocation to the nucleus and negatively regulates myoblast differentiation.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ANKRD2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ANKRD2 Gene

Domains & Families for ANKRD2 Gene

Gene Families for ANKRD2 Gene

Protein Domains for ANKRD2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ANKRD2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9GZV1

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ANKR2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 5 ANK repeats.
Similarity:
  • Contains 5 ANK repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ANKRD2: view

Function for ANKRD2 Gene

Molecular function for ANKRD2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Functions as a negative regulator of myocyte differentiation. May interact with both sarcoplasmic structural proteins and nuclear proteins to regulate gene expression during muscle development and in response to muscle stress.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ANKRD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA --
GO:0031432 titin binding IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANKRD2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ANKRD2: view

Animal Models for ANKRD2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ANKRD2:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ANKRD2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ANKRD2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ANKRD2 Gene

Localization for ANKRD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ANKRD2 Gene

Cytoplasm, myofibril, sarcomere, I band. Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus. Nucleus, PML body. Note=In the sarcoplasm of differentiated striated muscle cells, where it is cytosolic and enriched in the I band. In nucleus and PML bodies of proliferating and undifferentiated myoblasts. Associates with the euchromatin in the nucleus of myocytes upon muscle stress.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ANKRD2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ANKRD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 1
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ANKRD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA 21737686
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANKRD2: view

Pathways & Interactions for ANKRD2 Gene

SuperPathways for ANKRD2 Gene

No Data Available

SIGNOR curated interactions for ANKRD2 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ANKRD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IGI 24434510
GO:0006936 muscle contraction NAS 10873377
GO:0035914 skeletal muscle cell differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ANKRD2: view

No data available for Pathways by source for ANKRD2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ANKRD2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for ANKRD2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ANKRD2 Gene

Ankyrin repeat domain 2 (stretch responsive muscle):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ANKRD2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b
SP1:
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for ANKRD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ANKRD2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ANKRD2

Expression for ANKRD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ANKRD2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ANKRD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x30.8) and Heart - Left Ventricle (x18.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ANKRD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (35.0), Tonsil (17.3), and Oral epithelium (15.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ANKRD2 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ANKRD2 Gene Hs.73708

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ANKRD2 Gene

Q9GZV1-ANKR2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Mostly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles. Found in slow fibers. Also expressed in kidney, but to a lower extent (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ANKRD2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ANKRD2 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

Orthologs for ANKRD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ANKRD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ANKRD2 35
  • 86.87 (n)
  • 89.64 (a)
ANKRD2 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ANKRD2 35
  • 87.96 (n)
  • 90.28 (a)
ANKRD2 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ankrd2 35
  • 85.47 (n)
  • 89.33 (a)
Ankrd2 16
Ankrd2 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ANKRD2 35
  • 99.35 (n)
  • 99.17 (a)
ANKRD2 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ankrd2 35
  • 83.64 (n)
  • 88.41 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ANKRD2 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ANKRD2 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ANKRD2 35
  • 69.69 (n)
  • 65.77 (a)
ANKRD2 36
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ANKRD2 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ankrd2 35
  • 64.42 (n)
  • 65.99 (a)
Str.12117 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia ankrd2-prov 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC101886079 35
  • 56.64 (n)
  • 52.03 (a)
ankrd2 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 27 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for ANKRD2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ANKRD2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ANKRD2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ANKRD2 (if available)

Paralogs for ANKRD2 Gene

Paralogs for ANKRD2 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for ANKRD2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ANKRD2: view

Variants for ANKRD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ANKRD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs7094973 - 97,577,815(+) GAGAC(A/G)CACGC reference, missense
rs1475757 -- 97,582,040(-) TAATA(G/T)ATGTC intron-variant
rs4244322 -- 97,576,631(+) ATAAT(C/T)ATTTC intron-variant
rs4244323 -- 97,576,720(+) GAGAC(C/T)GAGTC intron-variant
rs4244324 -- 97,576,727(+) agtct(C/T)actct intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ANKRD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv7509 CNV Insertion 18451855
nsv818782 CNV Loss 17921354

Variation tolerance for ANKRD2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 66% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.73; 32.79% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for ANKRD2 Gene

Disorders for ANKRD2 Gene

Relevant External Links for ANKRD2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ANKRD2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
ANKRD2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
ANKRD2

No disorders were found for ANKRD2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ANKRD2 Gene

Publications for ANKRD2 Gene

  1. The Ankrd2 protein, a link between the sarcomere and the nucleus in skeletal muscle. (PMID: 15136035) Kojic S. … Faulkner G. (J. Mol. Biol. 2004) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Identification of Ankrd2, a novel skeletal muscle gene coding for a stretch-responsive ankyrin-repeat protein. (PMID: 10873377) Kemp T.J. … Coulton G.R. (Genomics 2000) 2 3 23
  3. Expression of Ankrd2 in fast and slow muscles and its response to stretch are consistent with a role in slow muscle function. (PMID: 15677738) Mckoy G. … Coulton G.R. (J. Appl. Physiol. 2005) 2 3
  4. Immunohistochemical analysis of a muscle ankyrin-repeat protein, Arpp, in paraffin-embedded tumors: evaluation of Arpp as a tumor marker for rhabdomyosarcoma. (PMID: 16021567) Ishiguro N. … Yoshida H. (Hum. Pathol. 2005) 3 23
  5. Arpp, a new homolog of carp, is preferentially expressed in type 1 skeletal muscle fibers and is markedly induced by denervation. (PMID: 12004005) Tsukamoto Y. … Moriyama M. (Lab. Invest. 2002) 3 23

Products for ANKRD2 Gene

Sources for ANKRD2 Gene

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