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Aliases for AMPD2 Gene

Aliases for AMPD2 Gene

  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 2 2 3
  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 2 (Isoform L) 2 3
  • EC 3.5.4.6 4 63
  • SPG63 3 6
  • AMP Deaminase Isoform L 4
  • AMP Deaminase 2 3
  • AMPD Isoform L 2
  • AMPD 3
  • PCH9 3

External Ids for AMPD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AMPD2 Gene

  • GC01P110641
  • GC01P109091
  • GC01P109264
  • GC01P109461
  • GC01P109874
  • GC01P109963
  • GC01P110162
  • GC01P108054

Summaries for AMPD2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AMPD2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is important in purine metabolism by converting AMP to IMP. The encoded protein, which acts as a homotetramer, is one of three AMP deaminases found in mammals. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

GeneCards Summary for AMPD2 Gene

AMPD2 (Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AMPD2 include pontocerebellar hypoplasia, type 9 and spastic paraplegia 63. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include AMP deaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is AMPD3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD2 Gene

  • AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism. Catalyzes the deamination of AMP to IMP and plays an important role in the purine nucleotide cycle.

Gene Wiki entry for AMPD2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AMPD2 Gene

Genomics for AMPD2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AMPD2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for AMPD2 Gene

Start:
109,616,104 bp from pter
End:
109,632,055 bp from pter
Size:
15,952 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for AMPD2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for AMPD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AMPD2 Gene

Proteins for AMPD2 Gene

  • Protein details for AMPD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q01433-AMPD2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    AMP deaminase 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q01433
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DK50
    • B4DZI5
    • E9PNG0
    • Q14856
    • Q14857
    • Q16686
    • Q16687
    • Q16688
    • Q16729
    • Q5T693
    • Q5T695
    • Q96IA1
    • Q9UDX8
    • Q9UDX9
    • Q9UMU4

    Protein attributes for AMPD2 Gene

    Size:
    879 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    100688 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105; Note=Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for AMPD2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for AMPD2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for AMPD2 Gene

Proteomics data for AMPD2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AMPD2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains for AMPD2 Gene

Protein Domains for AMPD2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AMPD2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q01433

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AMPD2_HUMAN :
  • Q01433
Family:
  • Belongs to the adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AMPD2: view

No data available for Gene Families for AMPD2 Gene

Function for AMPD2 Gene

Molecular function for AMPD2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 (88kDa) (isoform L,liver),adenine nucleotide catabolic pathway,purine nucleotide cycle
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: AMP + H(2)O = IMP + NH(3)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism. Catalyzes the deamination of AMP to IMP and plays an important role in the purine nucleotide cycle.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AMPD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AMPD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003876 AMP deaminase activity NAS 8764830
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0019239 deaminase activity --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AMPD2: view

Animal Models for AMPD2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AMPD2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for AMPD2 Gene

Localization for AMPD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for AMPD2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AMPD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 3
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AMPD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005575 cellular_component ND --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD2 Gene

Pathways for AMPD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AMPD2: view

Pathways by source for AMPD2 Gene

2 KEGG pathways for AMPD2 Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for AMPD2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q01433-AMPD2_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway; IMP from AMP: step 1/1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AMPD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006144 purine nucleobase metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006188 IMP biosynthetic process IGI 23911318
GO:0008219 cell death --
GO:0009117 nucleotide metabolic process --
GO:0032264 IMP salvage IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD2: view

Compounds for AMPD2 Gene

(5) HMDB Compounds for AMPD2 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Adenosine monophosphate
  • 5'-AMP
61-19-8
Ammonia
  • NH3
7664-41-7
Inosinic acid
  • 5'-IMP
131-99-7
Propranolol
  • Dociton
525-66-6
Water
  • Dihydrogen oxide
7732-18-5

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for AMPD2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
adenylate 30.7 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AMPD2: view

Transcripts for AMPD2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AMPD2 Gene

Adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AMPD2

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AMPD2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c ^ 11a · 11b · 11c · 11d · 11e · 11f · 11g ^
SP1: - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - - - - - - -
SP9:
SP10: - - - -
SP11:
SP12:
SP13: - - - - - - -
SP14:
SP15:
SP16:
SP17:
SP18:

ExUns: 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18a · 18b · 18c ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b ^ 22a · 22b · 22c
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9: - - - -
SP10:
SP11:
SP12: - -
SP13:
SP14:
SP15: -
SP16:
SP17:
SP18:

Relevant External Links for AMPD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
AMPD2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
AMPD2

Expression for AMPD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AMPD2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AMPD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (5.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for AMPD2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AMPD2 Gene Hs.82927

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AMPD2 Gene

Q01433-AMPD2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in cerebellum. Three isoforms are present in mammals: AMP deaminase 1 is the predominant form in skeletal muscle; AMP deaminase 2 predominates in smooth muscle, non-muscle tissue, embryonic muscle and undifferentiated myoblasts; AMP deaminase 3 is found in erythrocytes.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with AMPD2: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for AMPD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AMPD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AMPD2 35
  • 98.47 (n)
  • 97.48 (a)
AMPD2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AMPD2 35
  • 92.6 (n)
  • 98.12 (a)
AMPD2 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AMPD2 35
  • 92.12 (n)
  • 97.58 (a)
AMPD2 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ampd2 35
  • 90.37 (n)
  • 97.61 (a)
Ampd2 16
Ampd2 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AMPD2 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 70 (a)
ManyToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ampd2 35
  • 90.82 (n)
  • 97.81 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AMPD2 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AMPD2 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ampd2 35
  • 73 (n)
  • 82.12 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ampd2 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToMany
AMPD2 (2 of 2) 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000577 35
  • 66.72 (n)
  • 64.06 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG32626 35
  • 64.19 (n)
  • 62.86 (a)
CG32626 36
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C34F11.3 35
  • 58.65 (n)
  • 59.65 (a)
C34F11.3 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
C34F11.3b 37
  • 57 (a)
C34F11.3a 37
  • 53 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ABR204C 35
  • 55.32 (n)
  • 52.67 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AMD1 35
  • 51.03 (n)
  • 53.42 (a)
AMD1 36
  • 42 (a)
OneToMany
AMD1 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D06171g 35
  • 51.33 (n)
  • 53.19 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons FAC1 35
  • 51.97 (n)
  • 49.73 (a)
barley
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.7455 35
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.8779 35
Os07g0693500 35
  • 55.68 (n)
  • 55.96 (a)
wheat
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.9076 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU02979 35
  • 60.57 (n)
  • 57.59 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes ada1 35
  • 55.18 (n)
  • 60.36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2537 36
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for AMPD2:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for AMPD2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for AMPD2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for AMPD2 (if available)

Paralogs for AMPD2 Gene

Paralogs for AMPD2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for AMPD2 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AMPD2: view

Variants for AMPD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AMPD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs493972 -- 109,626,266(+) AGCTG(C/G)AGCCT intron-variant
rs510939 -- 109,632,269(-) ATGTG(C/T)CACAG downstream-variant-500B
rs523786 -- 109,629,083(+) TGCAC(A/C)TACCT intron-variant
rs524998 -- 109,627,335(+) GGTGC(A/G)TGTTG intron-variant
rs538388 -- 109,631,583(-) TAGAG(A/G)TCCCC utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AMPD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv510951 CNV Complex 20534489
nsv2299 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv872142 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for AMPD2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
AMPD2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
AMPD2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD2 Gene

Disorders for AMPD2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (2) Diseases for AMPD2 Gene including...

Search for AMPD2 Gene in MalaCards »

(1) OMIM Diseases for AMPD2 Gene (102771)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

AMPD2_HUMAN
  • Pontocerebellar hypoplasia 9 (PCH9) [MIM:615809]: A form of pontocerebellar hypoplasia, a disorder characterized by structural defects of the pons and cerebellum, evident upon brain imaging. PCH9 features include severely delayed psychomotor development, progressive microcephaly, spasticity, seizures, and brain abnormalities, including brain atrophy, thin corpus callosum, and delayed myelination. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23911318}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Spastic paraplegia 63, autosomal recessive (SPG63) [MIM:615686]: A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. In some forms of the disorder, bladder symptoms (such as incontinence) may appear, or the weakness and stiffness may spread to other parts of the body. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24482476}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for AMPD2 Gene

Relevant External Links for AMPD2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
AMPD2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
AMPD2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AMPD2: view

Publications for AMPD2 Gene

  1. Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5'-exons. (PMID: 1400401) Mahnke-Zizelman D.K. … Sabina R.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992) 2 3 23
  2. Molecular cloning of AMP deaminase isoform L. Sequence and bacterial expression of human AMPD2 cDNA. (PMID: 1429593) Bausch-Jurken M.T. … Sabina R.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992) 3 4 23
  3. Characterization of human AMP deaminase 2 (AMPD2) gene expression reveals alternative transcripts encoding variable N-terminal extensions of isoform L. (PMID: 8526848) Van den Bergh F. … Sabina R.L. (Biochem. J. 1995) 3 4 23
  4. Cloning, sequence and characterization of the human AMPD2 gene: evidence for transcriptional regulation by two closely spaced promoters. (PMID: 8764830) Mahnke-Zizelman D.K. … Sabina R.L. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1996) 3 4 23
  5. Exome sequencing links corticospinal motor neuron disease to common neurodegenerative disorders. (PMID: 24482476) Novarino G. … Gleeson J.G. (Science 2014) 2 3 4

Products for AMPD2 Gene

Sources for AMPD2 Gene

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