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Aliases for AMPD2 Gene

Aliases for AMPD2 Gene

  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 2 2 3 5
  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 2 (Isoform L) 2 3
  • EC 4 63
  • AMP Deaminase Isoform L 4
  • AMPD Isoform L 2
  • SPG63 3
  • AMPD 3
  • PCH9 3

External Ids for AMPD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AMPD2 Gene

  • GC01P110641
  • GC01P109091
  • GC01P109264
  • GC01P109461
  • GC01P109874
  • GC01P109963
  • GC01P110162
  • GC01P108054

Summaries for AMPD2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AMPD2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is important in purine metabolism by converting AMP to IMP. The encoded protein, which acts as a homotetramer, is one of three AMP deaminases found in mammals. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

GeneCards Summary for AMPD2 Gene

AMPD2 (Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AMPD2 include Spastic Paraplegia 63 and Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 9. Among its related pathways are Purine metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include deaminase activity and AMP deaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is AMPD3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD2 Gene

  • AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism. Catalyzes the deamination of AMP to IMP and plays an important role in the purine nucleotide cycle.

Gene Wiki entry for AMPD2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AMPD2 Gene

Genomics for AMPD2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AMPD2 Gene

Enhancers for AMPD2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around AMPD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for AMPD2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around AMPD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for AMPD2 Gene

109,616,104 bp from pter
109,632,055 bp from pter
15,952 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for AMPD2 Gene

Genes around AMPD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AMPD2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AMPD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AMPD2 Gene

Proteins for AMPD2 Gene

  • Protein details for AMPD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    AMP deaminase 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DK50
    • B4DZI5
    • E9PNG0
    • Q14856
    • Q14857
    • Q16686
    • Q16687
    • Q16688
    • Q16729
    • Q5T693
    • Q5T695
    • Q96IA1
    • Q9UDX8
    • Q9UDX9
    • Q9UMU4

    Protein attributes for AMPD2 Gene

    879 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    100688 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for AMPD2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for AMPD2 Gene


neXtProt entry for AMPD2 Gene

Proteomics data for AMPD2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AMPD2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for AMPD2 Gene

Protein Domains for AMPD2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AMPD2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
  • Belongs to the adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AMPD2: view

No data available for Gene Families for AMPD2 Gene

Function for AMPD2 Gene

Molecular function for AMPD2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 (88kDa) (isoform L,liver),adenine nucleotide catabolic pathway,purine nucleotide cycle
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
AMP + H(2)O = IMP + NH(3).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism. Catalyzes the deamination of AMP to IMP and plays an important role in the purine nucleotide cycle.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AMPD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AMPD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21044950
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AMPD2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AMPD2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for AMPD2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AMPD2:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AMPD2 Gene

Localization for AMPD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AMPD2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AMPD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 4
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AMPD2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for AMPD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AMPD2: view

Pathways by source for AMPD2 Gene

2 KEGG pathways for AMPD2 Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for AMPD2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q01433-AMPD2_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway; IMP from AMP: step 1/1.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AMPD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006144 purine nucleobase metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006188 IMP biosynthetic process IGI 23911318
GO:0009168 purine ribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
GO:0046033 AMP metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for AMPD2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AMPD2 Gene

(3) Drugs for AMPD2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Propranolol Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist 207
Adenosine monophosphate Approved Nutra 0
Inosinic acid Experimental Pharma 0

(3) Additional Compounds for AMPD2 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Ammonia anhydrous
  • Ammonia inhalant
  • Ammonia solution strong [usan]
  • Ammonia water
  • Ammoniak
  • Dihydrogen oxide
  • Steam
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AMPD2: view

Transcripts for AMPD2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AMPD2 Gene

Adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AMPD2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c ^ 11a · 11b · 11c · 11d · 11e · 11f · 11g ^
SP1: - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - - - - - - -
SP10: - - - -
SP13: - - - - - - -

ExUns: 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18a · 18b · 18c ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b ^ 22a · 22b · 22c
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP9: - - - -
SP12: - -
SP15: -

Relevant External Links for AMPD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AMPD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AMPD2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AMPD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AMPD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (12.2), Platelet (11.2), and Lymph node (11.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for AMPD2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AMPD2 Gene Hs.82927

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AMPD2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in cerebellum. Three isoforms are present in mammals: AMP deaminase 1 is the predominant form in skeletal muscle; AMP deaminase 2 predominates in smooth muscle, non-muscle tissue, embryonic muscle and undifferentiated myoblasts; AMP deaminase 3 is found in erythrocytes.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AMPD2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AMPD2 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

Orthologs for AMPD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AMPD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AMPD2 35
  • 92.6 (n)
  • 98.12 (a)
AMPD2 36
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AMPD2 35
  • 92.12 (n)
  • 97.58 (a)
AMPD2 36
  • 96 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ampd2 35
  • 90.37 (n)
  • 97.61 (a)
Ampd2 16
Ampd2 36
  • 98 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AMPD2 35
  • 98.47 (n)
  • 97.48 (a)
AMPD2 36
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ampd2 35
  • 90.82 (n)
  • 97.81 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AMPD2 36
  • 95 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 70 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AMPD2 36
  • 88 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AMPD2 36
  • 86 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ampd2 35
  • 73 (n)
  • 82.12 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ampd2 36
  • 78 (a)
AMPD2 (2 of 2) 36
  • 76 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000577 35
  • 66.72 (n)
  • 64.06 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG32626 35
  • 64.19 (n)
  • 62.86 (a)
CG32626 36
  • 56 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C34F11.3a 37
  • 53 (a)
C34F11.3b 37
  • 57 (a)
C34F11.3 35
  • 58.65 (n)
  • 59.65 (a)
C34F11.3 36
  • 47 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ABR204C 35
  • 55.32 (n)
  • 52.67 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D06171g 35
  • 51.33 (n)
  • 53.19 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AMD1 35
  • 51.03 (n)
  • 53.42 (a)
AMD1 36
  • 42 (a)
AMD1 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons FAC1 35
  • 51.97 (n)
  • 49.73 (a)
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.7455 35
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.8779 35
Os07g0693500 35
  • 55.68 (n)
  • 55.96 (a)
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.9076 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU02979 35
  • 60.57 (n)
  • 57.59 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes ada1 35
  • 55.18 (n)
  • 60.36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2537 36
  • 60 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AMPD2:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for AMPD2 Gene

Gene Tree for AMPD2 (if available)
Gene Tree for AMPD2 (if available)

Paralogs for AMPD2 Gene

Paralogs for AMPD2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for AMPD2 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AMPD2: view

Variants for AMPD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AMPD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs201254826 - 109,628,490(+) ACATC(A/G)TCAAG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_071158 Pontocerebellar hypoplasia 9 (PCH9)
VAR_071159 Pontocerebellar hypoplasia 9 (PCH9)
VAR_071193 Pontocerebellar hypoplasia 9 (PCH9)
rs493972 -- 109,626,266(+) AGCTG(C/G)AGCCT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AMPD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv510951 CNV Complex 20534489
nsv2299 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv872142 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for AMPD2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 2.56% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 7.92; 83.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AMPD2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD2 Gene

Disorders for AMPD2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for AMPD2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
spastic paraplegia 63
  • spg63
pontocerebellar hypoplasia, type 9
  • pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 9
pontocerebellar hypoplasia
  • pch
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AMPD2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Pontocerebellar hypoplasia 9 (PCH9) [MIM:615809]: A form of pontocerebellar hypoplasia, a disorder characterized by structural defects of the pons and cerebellum, evident upon brain imaging. PCH9 features include severely delayed psychomotor development, progressive microcephaly, spasticity, seizures, and brain abnormalities, including brain atrophy, thin corpus callosum, and delayed myelination. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23911318}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Spastic paraplegia 63, autosomal recessive (SPG63) [MIM:615686]: A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. In some forms of the disorder, bladder symptoms (such as incontinence) may appear, or the weakness and stiffness may spread to other parts of the body. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24482476}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for AMPD2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AMPD2: view

No data available for Genatlas for AMPD2 Gene

Publications for AMPD2 Gene

  1. Exome sequencing links corticospinal motor neuron disease to common neurodegenerative disorders. (PMID: 24482476) Novarino G. … Gleeson J.G. (Science 2014) 2 3 4 67
  2. Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5'-exons. (PMID: 1400401) Mahnke-Zizelman D.K. … Sabina R.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992) 2 3 23
  3. Expression patterns of AMP-deaminase isozymes in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). (PMID: 18493842) SzydA8owska M. … Roszkowska A. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 2008) 3 23
  4. Cloning, sequence and characterization of the human AMPD2 gene: evidence for transcriptional regulation by two closely spaced promoters. (PMID: 8764830) Mahnke-Zizelman D.K. … Sabina R.L. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1996) 3 23
  5. Characterization of human AMP deaminase 2 (AMPD2) gene expression reveals alternative transcripts encoding variable N-terminal extensions of isoform L. (PMID: 8526848) Van den Bergh F. … Sabina R.L. (Biochem. J. 1995) 3 23

Products for AMPD2 Gene

Sources for AMPD2 Gene