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Aliases for ALDH1L2 Gene

Aliases for ALDH1L2 Gene

  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 Family Member L2 2 3 5
  • Mitochondrial 10-Formyltetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase 2 3
  • Mitochondrial 10-FTHFDH 3 4
  • EC 1.5.1.6 4 61
  • MtFDH 3 4
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Family 1 Member L2, Mitochondrial 3
  • Probable 10-Formyltetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase ALDH1L2 3
  • 10-Formyltetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase ALDH1L2 3
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 Family, Member L2 2
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Family 1 Member L2 4

External Ids for ALDH1L2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ALDH1L2 Gene

  • GC12M103921
  • GC12M105417
  • GC12M102472

Summaries for ALDH1L2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ALDH1L2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of both the aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily and the formyl transferase superfamily. This member is the mitochondrial form of 10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (FDH), which converts 10-formyltetrahydrofolate to tetrahydrofolate and CO2 in an NADP(+)-dependent reaction, and plays an essential role in the distribution of one-carbon groups between the cytosolic and mitochondrial compartments of the cell. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

GeneCards Summary for ALDH1L2 Gene

ALDH1L2 (Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 Family Member L2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are One carbon pool by folate and Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD) activity. An important paralog of this gene is ALDH1L1.

Gene Wiki entry for ALDH1L2 Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ALDH1L2 Gene

Genomics for ALDH1L2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ALDH1L2 Gene

Enhancers for ALDH1L2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around ALDH1L2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ALDH1L2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for ALDH1L2 Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
105,019,784 bp from pter
End:
105,084,583 bp from pter
Size:
64,800 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ALDH1L2 Gene

Genes around ALDH1L2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ALDH1L2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ALDH1L2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ALDH1L2 Gene

Proteins for ALDH1L2 Gene

  • Protein details for ALDH1L2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q3SY69-AL1L2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Mitochondrial 10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase
    Protein Accession:
    Q3SY69
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3SY68
    • Q68D62
    • Q6AI55
    • Q8N922

    Protein attributes for ALDH1L2 Gene

    Size:
    923 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    101746 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAI03936.1; Type=Erroneous translation; Note=Wrong choice of CDS.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for ALDH1L2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ALDH1L2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ALDH1L2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ALDH1L2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains & Families for ALDH1L2 Gene

Gene Families for ALDH1L2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ALDH1L2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q3SY69

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AL1L2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 acyl carrier domain.
  • In the N-terminal section; belongs to the GART family.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 acyl carrier domain.
Family:
  • In the N-terminal section; belongs to the GART family.
  • In the C-terminal section; belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family. ALDH1L subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ALDH1L2: view

Function for ALDH1L2 Gene

Molecular function for ALDH1L2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) + H(2)O = tetrahydrofolate + CO(2) + NADPH.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ALDH1L2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ALDH1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004029 aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD) activity EXP 20498374
GO:0016155 formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase activity IBA --
GO:0016742 hydroxymethyl-, formyl- and related transferase activity IEA --
GO:0019145 aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase activity IBA --
GO:0047105 4-trimethylammoniobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ALDH1L2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ALDH1L2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ALDH1L2 Gene

Localization for ALDH1L2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ALDH1L2 Gene

Mitochondrion.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ALDH1L2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ALDH1L2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ALDH1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ALDH1L2: view

Pathways & Interactions for ALDH1L2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ALDH1L2: view

Pathways by source for ALDH1L2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ALDH1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006730 one-carbon metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009058 biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0009258 10-formyltetrahydrofolate catabolic process IEA --
GO:0046655 folic acid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ALDH1L2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ALDH1L2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ALDH1L2 Gene

(3) Drugs for ALDH1L2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Carbon dioxide Approved, Vet_approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
Tetrahydrofolic acid Approved Nutra 0

(5) Additional Compounds for ALDH1L2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
10-formyltetrahydrofolate
  • 10-Formyl-(6RS)-tetrahydrofolic acid
  • 10-Formyl-H4PteGlu1
  • 10-Formyl-tetrahydrofolate
  • 10-Formyl-THF
  • 10-Formyltetrahydrofolate
2800-34-2
Hydrogen Ion
  • Hydrogen cation
  • Hydron
  • Proton
NADP
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-NADP
  • b-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-TPN
  • beta-NADP
53-59-8
nadph
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • b-NADPH
53-57-6
Pantetheine 4'-phosphate
  • 4'-Phosphopantetheine
  • 4'-Phosphopantotheine
  • D-Pantetheine 4'-phosphate
  • Pantetheine 4'-phosphate
  • Pantotheine-4'-phosphate
2226-71-3
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ALDH1L2: view

Transcripts for ALDH1L2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ALDH1L2 Gene

(6) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(8) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(5) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for ALDH1L2 Gene

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family, member L2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ALDH1L2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20a · 20b
SP1:
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for ALDH1L2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ALDH1L2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ALDH1L2

Expression for ALDH1L2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ALDH1L2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ALDH1L2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (x6.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ALDH1L2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow stromal cell (20.3), Salivary gland (15.9), and Pancreas (9.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ALDH1L2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ALDH1L2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ALDH1L2 Gene:

ALDH1L2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ALDH1L2 Gene:

Hs.42572

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ALDH1L2 Gene:

Q3SY69-AL1L2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in pancreas, heart, brain and skeletal muscle.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ALDH1L2: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for ALDH1L2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ALDH1L2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ALDH1L2 34
  • 90.97 (n)
  • 94.8 (a)
ALDH1L2 35
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ALDH1L2 34
  • 92.09 (n)
  • 96.1 (a)
ALDH1L2 35
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Aldh1l2 34
  • 86.13 (n)
  • 92.31 (a)
Aldh1l2 16
Aldh1l2 35
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ALDH1L2 34
  • 99.53 (n)
  • 99.67 (a)
ALDH1L2 35
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Aldh1l2 34
  • 84.94 (n)
  • 92.31 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ALDH1L2 35
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 78 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 89 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC100857360 34
  • 78.05 (n)
  • 83.84 (a)
-- 35
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ALDH1L2 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia aldh1l2 34
  • 77.11 (n)
  • 85.14 (a)
Str.2604 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii aldh1l2 34
  • 72.81 (n)
  • 80.61 (a)
aldh1l2 35
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009591 34
  • 58.81 (n)
  • 60.62 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG8665 34
  • 58.71 (n)
  • 59.2 (a)
CG8665 35
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea alh-3 35
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ALD4 35
  • 42 (a)
ManyToMany
ALD5 35
  • 44 (a)
ManyToMany
ALD6 35
  • 42 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.3698 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 70 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for ALDH1L2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ALDH1L2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ALDH1L2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ALDH1L2 (if available)

Paralogs for ALDH1L2 Gene

(11) SIMAP similar genes for ALDH1L2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for ALDH1L2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ALDH1L2: view

Variants for ALDH1L2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ALDH1L2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs7301423 -- 105,043,080(+) TGGAT(A/G)ACGCT intron-variant
rs7301527 -- 105,043,050(+) ATGAA(A/C)CATAA intron-variant
rs7301544 -- 105,043,137(+) GGTAC(A/G)GGCAG intron-variant
rs7301851 -- 105,073,465(+) GATTC(A/G)TTCTG intron-variant
rs7302854 -- 105,066,957(+) GGCGC(A/G)GTGGC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ALDH1L2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1002429 CNV insertion 20482838
esv1010041 CNV deletion 20482838
esv3306561 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3309843 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3442903 CNV insertion 20981092
nsv832505 CNV gain 17160897
nsv832506 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for ALDH1L2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 24.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.23; 52.43% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ALDH1L2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
ALDH1L2
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ALDH1L2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ALDH1L2 Gene

Disorders for ALDH1L2 Gene

Relevant External Links for ALDH1L2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ALDH1L2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
ALDH1L2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
ALDH1L2

No disorders were found for ALDH1L2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ALDH1L2 Gene

Publications for ALDH1L2 Gene

  1. ALDH1L2 is the mitochondrial homolog of 10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase. (PMID: 20498374) Krupenko N.I. … Krupenko S.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 2 3 4 65
  2. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 46 65
  3. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 65
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 65
  5. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3 65

Products for ALDH1L2 Gene

Sources for ALDH1L2 Gene

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