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Aliases for AIPL1 Gene

Aliases for AIPL1 Gene

  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting Protein-Like 1 2 3
  • AIPL2 3 4
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-Interacting Protein-Like 1 2
  • LCA4 3

External Ids for AIPL1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for AIPL1 Gene

  • LCA4

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AIPL1 Gene

  • GC17M006718
  • GC17M007058
  • GC17M006272
  • GC17M006528
  • GC17M006268
  • GC17M006297

Summaries for AIPL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AIPL1 Gene

  • Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the most severe inherited retinopathy with the earliest age of onset and accounts for at least 5% of all inherited retinal diseases. Affected individuals are diagnosed at birth or in the first few months of life with nystagmus, severely impaired vision or blindness and an abnormal or flat electroretinogram. The photoreceptor/pineal-expressed gene, AIPL1, encoding aryl-hydrocarbon interacting protein-like 1, is located within the LCA4 candidate region. The encoded protein contains three tetratricopeptide motifs, consistent with chaperone or nuclear transport activity. Mutations in this gene may cause approximately 20% of recessive LCA. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

GeneCards Summary for AIPL1 Gene

AIPL1 (Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting Protein-Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AIPL1 include aipl1-related leber congenital amaurosis and aipl1-related retinitis pigmentosa. GO annotations related to this gene include unfolded protein binding and farnesylated protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is AIP.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AIPL1 Gene

  • May be important in protein trafficking and/or protein folding and stabilization

Gene Wiki entry for AIPL1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AIPL1 Gene

Genomics for AIPL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AIPL1 Gene

Genomic Location for AIPL1 Gene

6,393,693 bp from pter
6,435,199 bp from pter
41,507 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for AIPL1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for AIPL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AIPL1 Gene

Proteins for AIPL1 Gene

  • Protein details for AIPL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Aryl-hydrocarbon-interacting protein-like 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DTM4
    • Q659W3
    • Q659W4
    • Q6ZZB6
    • Q8N6A0
    • Q9H873
    • Q9NS10

    Protein attributes for AIPL1 Gene

    384 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    43903 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with NUB1.

    Alternative splice isoforms for AIPL1 Gene


neXtProt entry for AIPL1 Gene

Proteomics data for AIPL1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AIPL1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AIPL1 Gene

Domains & Families for AIPL1 Gene

Gene Families for AIPL1 Gene

Protein Domains for AIPL1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 PPIase FKBP-type domain.
  • Contains 3 TPR repeats.
  • Contains 1 PPIase FKBP-type domain.
  • Contains 3 TPR repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AIPL1: view

Function for AIPL1 Gene

Molecular function for AIPL1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
arylhydrocarbon interacting protein-like 1,specifically expressed in the photoreceptor and pineal gland,maybe involved in retinal protein folding or trafficking
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be important in protein trafficking and/or protein folding and stabilization

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AIPL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001918 farnesylated protein binding IDA 14555765
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12374762
GO:0051082 unfolded protein binding TAS 10615133
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AIPL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AIPL1: view

Animal Models for AIPL1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AIPL1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AIPL1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AIPL1 Gene

Localization for AIPL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AIPL1 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AIPL1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AIPL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AIPL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001917 photoreceptor inner segment IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 12374762
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 12374762
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AIPL1: view

Pathways & Interactions for AIPL1 Gene

SuperPathways for AIPL1 Gene

No Data Available

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AIPL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001895 retina homeostasis IEA --
GO:0006457 protein folding IEA --
GO:0007601 visual perception IEA --
GO:0007603 phototransduction, visible light IEA --
GO:0018343 protein farnesylation IDA 14555765
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AIPL1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for AIPL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AIPL1 Gene

(1) Drugs for AIPL1 Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Vitamin A Approved Nutra 386
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AIPL1: view

Transcripts for AIPL1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AIPL1 Gene

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein-like 1:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AIPL1

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AIPL1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b · 6c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - - - -
SP7: - -

Relevant External Links for AIPL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AIPL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AIPL1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AIPL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x13.5), Brain - Amygdala (x4.9), and Spleen (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AIPL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Retina (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for AIPL1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AIPL1 Gene Hs.279887

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AIPL1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in retina. Specifically localized to the developing photoreceptor layer and within the photoreceptors of the adult retina.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AIPL1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AIPL1 Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for AIPL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for AIPL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AIPL1 35
  • 90.15 (n)
  • 92.86 (a)
AIPL1 36
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AIPL1 35
  • 88.2 (n)
  • 90.91 (a)
AIPL1 36
  • 80 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Aipl1 35
  • 85.57 (n)
  • 87.2 (a)
Aipl1 16
Aipl1 36
  • 87 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AIPL1 35
  • 98.78 (n)
  • 99.22 (a)
AIPL1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Aipl1 35
  • 84.76 (n)
  • 87.5 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AIPL1 36
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AIPL1 36
  • 81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AIPL1 35
  • 67.38 (n)
  • 58.05 (a)
AIPL1 36
  • 57 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AIPL1 36
  • 54 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia aipl1 35
  • 67.07 (n)
  • 71.12 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100537095 35
  • 66.47 (n)
  • 63.36 (a)
AIPL1 36
  • 46 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG1847 37
  • 36 (a)
CG1847 36
  • 36 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C56C10.10 37
  • 32 (a)
C56C10.10 36
  • 32 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2723 36
  • 38 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AIPL1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for AIPL1 Gene

Gene Tree for AIPL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for AIPL1 (if available)

Paralogs for AIPL1 Gene

Paralogs for AIPL1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for AIPL1 Gene using alignment to 9 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AIPL1: view

Variants for AIPL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AIPL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs907937 -- 6,424,258(-) TGGCA(C/T)CCTGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs907938 -- 6,424,231(-) AAAGC(C/T)GCTTC utr-variant-3-prime
rs907939 -- 6,424,069(-) AAGGA(C/T)GGGTA utr-variant-3-prime
rs925615 -- 6,427,083(-) CTGCC(C/T)CACTG intron-variant
rs925616 -- 6,426,833(-) GGGGG(A/C/G)CCTGC intron-variant

Variation tolerance for AIPL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 77.13% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.00; 87.40% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AIPL1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AIPL1 Gene

Disorders for AIPL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(15) MalaCards diseases for AIPL1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

- elite association
Search AIPL1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Leber congenital amaurosis 4 (LCA4) [MIM:604393]: A severe dystrophy of the retina, typically becoming evident in the first years of life. Visual function is usually poor and often accompanied by nystagmus, sluggish or near-absent pupillary responses, photophobia, high hyperopia and keratoconus. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10615133, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17724218}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for AIPL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AIPL1: view

No data available for Genatlas for AIPL1 Gene

Publications for AIPL1 Gene

  1. AIPL1, the protein that is defective in Leber congenital amaurosis, is essential for the biosynthesis of retinal rod cGMP phosphodiesterase. (PMID: 15365173) Liu X. … Li T. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2004) 2 23 67
  2. AIPL1, a protein implicated in Leber's congenital amaurosis, interacts with and aids in processing of farnesylated proteins. (PMID: 14555765) Ramamurthy V. … Hurley J.B. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2003) 2 23 67
  3. Mutations in a novel photoreceptor-pineal gene on 17p cause Leber congenital amaurosis. (PMID: 10615133) Sohocki M.M. … Daiger S.P. (Nat. Genet. 2000) 2 23 67
  4. Gene therapy with a promoter targeting both rods and cones rescues retinal degeneration caused by AIPL1 mutations. (PMID: 19710705) Sun X. … Li T. (Gene Ther. 2010) 23 67
  5. Visual acuity in patients with Leber's congenital amaurosis and early childhood-onset retinitis pigmentosa. (PMID: 20079931) Walia S. … Stone E.M. (Ophthalmology 2010) 23 67

Products for AIPL1 Gene

Sources for AIPL1 Gene

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