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Aliases for AIM2 Gene

Aliases for AIM2 Gene

  • Absent In Melanoma 2 2 3 4
  • Interferon-Inducible Protein AIM2 3
  • PYHIN4 3

External Ids for AIM2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AIM2 Gene

  • GC01M156824
  • GC01M154764
  • GC01M155810
  • GC01M156249
  • GC01M155845
  • GC01M157298
  • GC01M130389

Summaries for AIM2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AIM2 Gene

  • AIM2 is a member of the IFI20X /IFI16 family. It plays a putative role in tumorigenic reversion and may control cell proliferation. Interferon-gamma induces expression of AIM2. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for AIM2 Gene

AIM2 (Absent In Melanoma 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AIM2 include skin conditions and melanoma. Among its related pathways are Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways and Cytosolic sensors of pathogen-associated DNA. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and double-stranded DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is IFI16.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AIM2 Gene

  • Involved in innate immune response by recognizing cytosolic double-stranded DNA and inducing caspase-1-activating inflammasome formation in macrophages. Upon binding to DNA is thought to undergo oligomerization and to associate with PYCARD initiating the recruitment of caspase-1 precusrsor and processing of interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-18. Detects cytosolic dsDNA of viral and bacterial origin in a non-sequence-specific manner. Can also trigger PYCARD-dependent, caspase-1-independent cell death that involves caspase-8 (By similarity). Tumor suppressor which may act by repressing NF-kappa-B transcriptional activity.

Gene Wiki entry for AIM2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AIM2 Gene

Genomics for AIM2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AIM2 Gene

Genomic Location for AIM2 Gene

Start:
159,058,999 bp from pter
End:
159,147,096 bp from pter
Size:
88,098 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for AIM2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for AIM2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AIM2 Gene

Proteins for AIM2 Gene

  • Protein details for AIM2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O14862-AIM2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Interferon-inducible protein AIM2
    Protein Accession:
    O14862
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K7M7
    • Q5T3V9
    • Q96FG9

    Protein attributes for AIM2 Gene

    Size:
    343 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    38954 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Self-associates; forms homooligomers in response to cytosolic dsDNA and the dsDNA seems to serve as oligomerization platform. Component of the AIM2 inflammasome. Interacts with PYCARD, IFI16, EIF2AK2/PKR and MAPRE1.
    Miscellaneous:
    • Defects in AIM2 may be a cause of microsatellite unstable colon cancers
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAH10940.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=340; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for AIM2 Gene

neXtProt entry for AIM2 Gene

Proteomics data for AIM2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AIM2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for AIM2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AIM2 Gene

Domains for AIM2 Gene

Protein Domains for AIM2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AIM2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O14862

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AIM2_HUMAN :
  • O14862
Domain:
  • The DAPIN domain mediates homotypic interaction with PYCARD (PubMed:19158676, PubMed:19158675).
  • The HIN-20 domain mediates dsDNA binding via electrostatic interactions.
  • Contains 1 DAPIN domain.
  • Contains 1 HIN-200 domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the HIN-200 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AIM2: view

No data available for Gene Families for AIM2 Gene

Function for AIM2 Gene

Molecular function for AIM2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: interferon gamma inducible gene,homolog to the tightly linked genes IFI16,MNDA,expressed in spleen,small intestine,peripheral blood leukocytes,39.5kDa,absent in melanoma 2
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation: In absence of dsDNA DAPIN and HIN-20 domain can interact inducing a closed conformation; an autoinhibitory mechanism is proposed in which binding to dsDNA liberates the DAPIN domain for homotypic downstream signaling interactions with PYCARD.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Involved in innate immune response by recognizing cytosolic double-stranded DNA and inducing caspase-1-activating inflammasome formation in macrophages. Upon binding to DNA is thought to undergo oligomerization and to associate with PYCARD initiating the recruitment of caspase-1 precusrsor and processing of interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-18. Detects cytosolic dsDNA of viral and bacterial origin in a non-sequence-specific manner. Can also trigger PYCARD-dependent, caspase-1-independent cell death that involves caspase-8 (By similarity). Tumor suppressor which may act by repressing NF-kappa-B transcriptional activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: By IFNG/IFN-gamma and IFNB1/IFN-beta.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AIM2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003690 double-stranded DNA binding IDA 19158675
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 19158676
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 19158676
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AIM2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AIM2: view

Animal Models for AIM2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AIM2:

miRNA for AIM2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target AIM2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for AIM2 Gene

Localization for AIM2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AIM2 Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Activated inflammasomes can aggregate in the cytosol as speck-like particles.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for AIM2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AIM2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AIM2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 19158676
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0097169 AIM2 inflammasome complex IDA 19158676
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AIM2: view

Pathways for AIM2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AIM2: view

Pathways by source for AIM2 Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for AIM2 Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for AIM2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AIM2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002218 activation of innate immune response IDA 19158675
GO:0002230 positive regulation of defense response to virus by host ISS --
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0006955 immune response TAS 9242382
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AIM2: view

Compounds for AIM2 Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for AIM2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
mnda 98 8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AIM2: view

Transcripts for AIM2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AIM2 Gene

Absent in melanoma 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AIM2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AIM2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
AIM2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
AIM2

Expression for AIM2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AIM2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AIM2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (13.5), Spleen (8.3), Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (5.2), and Pituitary (4.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for AIM2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AIM2 Gene Hs.733411

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AIM2 Gene

O14862-AIM2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in spleen, small intestine, peripheral blood leukocytes, and testis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with AIM2: view

Orthologs for AIM2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for AIM2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AIM2 35
  • 98.74 (n)
  • 97.96 (a)
AIM2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Aim2 35
  • 69.12 (n)
  • 56.93 (a)
Aim2 16
Aim2 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 31 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Aim2 35
  • 69.21 (n)
  • 57.18 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AIM2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for AIM2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for AIM2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for AIM2 (if available)

Paralogs for AIM2 Gene

Paralogs for AIM2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for AIM2 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AIM2: view

Variants for AIM2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AIM2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs855865 -- 159,058,588(-) ccccc(A/G)ttgtc downstream-variant-500B
rs1052923 -- 159,062,678(-) AAAGG(A/G)CCAAT utr-variant-3-prime, nc-transcript-variant
rs2793845 -- 159,062,465(+) CTAAA(G/T)GAGAT intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B
rs7540962 -- 159,059,090(+) ATAAG(C/G)AAAAG downstream-variant-500B, intron-variant
rs10489845 -- 159,059,981(+) AGAGA(C/G)GATAG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AIM2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv872486 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for AIM2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
AIM2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AIM2 Gene

Disorders for AIM2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (2) Diseases for AIM2 Gene including...

Search for AIM2 Gene in MalaCards »

(2) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for AIM2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
melanoma 31.7 5
tumors 0 3

Relevant External Links for AIM2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
AIM2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
AIM2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AIM2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AIM2 Gene

Publications for AIM2 Gene

  1. Cloning a novel member of the human interferon-inducible gene family associated with control of tumorigenicity in a model of human melanoma. (PMID: 9242382) DeYoung K.L. … Trent J.M. (Oncogene 1997) 2 3 4 23
  2. Biochemical and growth regulatory activities of the HIN-200 family member and putative tumor suppressor protein, AIM2. (PMID: 15582594) Cresswell K.S. … Johnstone R.W. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2005) 3 4 23
  3. AIM2 suppresses human breast cancer cell proliferation in vitro and mammary tumor growth in a mouse model. (PMID: 16432157) Chen I.-F. … Hung M.-C. (Mol. Cancer Ther. 2006) 3 4
  4. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 3 4
  5. The putative tumor suppressor AIM2 is frequently affected by different genetic alterations in microsatellite unstable colon cancers. (PMID: 17726700) Woerner S.M. … Dihlmann S. (Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2007) 3 4

Products for AIM2 Gene

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays
  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate AIM2
    • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
    • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AIM2
    • Block miRNA regulation of AIM2 using miScript Target Protectors
    • Addgene plasmids for AIM2

    Sources for AIM2 Gene

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