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Aliases for AGXT2 Gene

Aliases for AGXT2 Gene

  • Alanine--Glyoxylate Aminotransferase 2 2 3 5
  • Beta-Alanine-Pyruvate Aminotransferase 2 3 4
  • Beta-ALAAT II 2 3 4
  • (R)-3-Amino-2-Methylpropionate--Pyruvate Transaminase 3 4
  • AGT2 3 4
  • Alanine--Glyoxylate Aminotransferase 2, Mitochondrial 3
  • Alanine-Glyoxylate Aminotransferase 2 2
  • EC 2.6.1.44 4
  • EC 2.6.1.40 4
  • D-AIBAT 4
  • DAIBAT 3
  • AGT 2 4

External Ids for AGXT2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AGXT2 Gene

  • GC05M035031
  • GC05M036024
  • GC05M035043

Summaries for AGXT2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AGXT2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a class III pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent mitochondrial aminotransferase. It catalyzes the conversion of glyoxylate to glycine using L-alanine as the amino donor. It is an important regulator of methylarginines and is involved in the control of blood pressure in kidney. Polymorphisms in this gene affect methylarginine and beta-aminoisobutyrate metabolism, and are associated with carotid atherosclerosis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

GeneCards Summary for AGXT2 Gene

AGXT2 (Alanine--Glyoxylate Aminotransferase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AGXT2 include Primary Hyperoxaluria. Among its related pathways are Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include pyridoxal phosphate binding and alanine-glyoxylate transaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ETNPPL.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGXT2 Gene

  • Can metabolize asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) via transamination to alpha-keto-delta-(NN-dimethylguanidino) valeric acid (DMGV). ADMA is a potent inhibitor of nitric-oxide (NO) synthase, and this activity provides mechanism through which the kidney regulates blood pressure.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AGXT2 Gene

Genomics for AGXT2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AGXT2 Gene

Enhancers for AGXT2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH05F035022 0.6 ENCODE 11.8 +24.6 24622 1.3 SCRT1 HNF4G RAD21 ZNF781 ZNF518A YY1 AGXT2 RAD1 DNAJC21
GH05F035026 0.6 ENCODE 11.8 +21.5 21538 0.2 NFIA ATF3 HNF4G CEBPG RAD21 YY1 AGXT2 DNAJC21
GH05F035050 0.6 ENCODE 0.8 -2.9 -2851 1.7 FOXA3 TBX3 CEBPA HNF4G CREB1 ZBTB33 HNF4A ZNF652 MIXL1 AGXT2 ENSG00000250886
GH05F035046 0.6 ENCODE 0.8 +0.5 461 3.3 HMG20A MNT RAD21 YY1 RAD51 HNF4G FOS MAFK DNAJC21 AGXT2
GH05F035220 0.3 FANTOM5 1.6 -172.3 -172309 0.1 PRLR AGXT2 PIR44028 PIR49347
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around AGXT2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for AGXT2 Gene

Chromosome:
5
Start:
34,998,101 bp from pter
End:
35,048,188 bp from pter
Size:
50,088 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for AGXT2 Gene

Genes around AGXT2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AGXT2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AGXT2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AGXT2 Gene

Proteins for AGXT2 Gene

  • Protein details for AGXT2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BYV1-AGT2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase 2, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BYV1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7ZM47
    • E9PDL7
    • Q53FB4
    • Q53FY7
    • Q53G03
    • Q5W7Q1

    Protein attributes for AGXT2 Gene

    Size:
    514 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57156 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=pyridoxal 5-phosphate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:597326;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Alternative splice isoforms for AGXT2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for AGXT2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AGXT2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for AGXT2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AGXT2 Gene

Domains & Families for AGXT2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AGXT2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9BYV1

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AGT2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the class-III pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the class-III pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AGXT2: view

No data available for Gene Families for AGXT2 Gene

Function for AGXT2 Gene

Molecular function for AGXT2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
L-alanine + glyoxylate = pyruvate + glycine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
(R)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate + pyruvate = 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate + L-alanine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Can metabolize asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) via transamination to alpha-keto-delta-(NN-dimethylguanidino) valeric acid (DMGV). ADMA is a potent inhibitor of nitric-oxide (NO) synthase, and this activity provides mechanism through which the kidney regulates blood pressure.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AGXT2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AGXT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008453 alanine-glyoxylate transaminase activity TAS --
GO:0008483 transaminase activity IEA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0030170 pyridoxal phosphate binding IBA --
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AGXT2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AGXT2: view

Animal Models for AGXT2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AGXT2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for AGXT2

miRNA for AGXT2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target AGXT2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AGXT2 Gene

Localization for AGXT2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGXT2 Gene

Mitochondrion.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AGXT2 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
peroxisome 2
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AGXT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA,IDA 20018850
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AGXT2: view

Pathways & Interactions for AGXT2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AGXT2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AGXT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0009436 glyoxylate catabolic process IDA 20018850
GO:0019265 glycine biosynthetic process, by transamination of glyoxylate IDA 20018850
GO:0019481 L-alanine catabolic process, by transamination IDA 20018850
GO:0045429 positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process IDA 20018850
GO:0046487 glyoxylate metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AGXT2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for AGXT2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AGXT2 Gene

(6) Drugs for AGXT2 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Glycine Approved, Vet_approved Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Target 226
L-Alanine Approved Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Target Glycine receptor agonist 0
Pyruvic acid Approved Nutra Target 0
Famotidine Approved Pharma Histamine H2-receptor antagonist 59
Pyridoxal Phosphate Nutra Target, cofactor 14

(4) Additional Compounds for AGXT2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(R)-b-aminoisobutyric acid
  • (-)-b-Aminoisobutyrate
  • (-)-b-Aminoisobutyric acid
  • (-)-beta-Aminoisobutyrate
  • (-)-beta-Aminoisobutyric acid
  • (2R)-3-amino-2-methyl-Propanoate
2140-95-6
2-Methyl-3-oxopropanoic acid
  • 2-Methyl-3-oxopropanoate
  • 2-Methyl-3-oxopropanoic acid
  • 3-Oxo-2-methylpropanoate
  • 3-Oxo-2-methylpropanoic acid
  • Ch3-malonate-semialdehyde
6236-08-4
Glyoxylic acid
  • a-Ketoacetate
  • a-Ketoacetic acid
  • alpha-Ketoacetate
  • alpha-Ketoacetic acid
  • Formylformate
298-12-4
Oxoglutaric acid
  • 2-Ketoglutarate
  • 2-Ketoglutaric acid
  • 2-Oxo-1,5-pentanedioate
  • 2-Oxo-1,5-pentanedioic acid
  • 2-Oxoglutarate
328-50-7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AGXT2: view

Transcripts for AGXT2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AGXT2 Gene

Alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AGXT2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AGXT2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
AGXT2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
AGXT2

Expression for AGXT2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for AGXT2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AGXT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x29.2) and Kidney - Cortex (x23.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AGXT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney (33.1), Gallbladder (19.7), and Plasma (8.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for AGXT2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for AGXT2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of AGXT2 Gene:

AGXT2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AGXT2 Gene:

Hs.34494
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AGXT2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AGXT2 Gene

Orthologs for AGXT2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AGXT2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AGXT2 34 35
  • 99.42 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AGXT2 34 35
  • 86.64 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AGXT2 34 35
  • 86.29 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Agxt2 34 16 35
  • 84.47 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Agxt2 34
  • 83.98 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 74 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 73 (a)
OneToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AGXT2 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AGXT2 34 35
  • 71.4 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AGXT2 35
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia agxt2 34
  • 65.41 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii agxt2 34 35
  • 60.53 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG11241 36 34 35
  • 56.56 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012404 34
  • 56.43 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea T09B4.8 36 34 35
  • 57.29 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ARG8 35
  • 27 (a)
OneToMany
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AGT2 34
  • 54.39 (n)
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.3270 34
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0171900 34
  • 52.97 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 52 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for AGXT2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for AGXT2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for AGXT2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for AGXT2 (if available)

Paralogs for AGXT2 Gene

Paralogs for AGXT2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for AGXT2 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AGXT2: view

Variants for AGXT2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AGXT2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10038101 -- 35,044,783(+) CGCAC(A/G)TTCGG intron-variant
rs10060650 -- 35,036,708(+) GAACA(C/T)TGGTT intron-variant
rs10060652 -- 35,036,712(+) ATTGG(C/T)TTGTT intron-variant
rs10070227 -- 35,024,829(+) gccgg(A/G)tgtgg intron-variant
rs10223177 -- 35,047,440(+) CCTGT(C/T)TCAAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AGXT2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3604691 CNV gain 21293372
nsv1028968 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1139835 CNV duplication 24896259
nsv1149752 CNV duplication 26484159
nsv597810 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for AGXT2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 74.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 10.77; 91.63% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AGXT2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
AGXT2
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
AGXT2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGXT2 Gene

Disorders for AGXT2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for AGXT2 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
primary hyperoxaluria
  • hyperoxaluria, primary
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AGXT2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for AGXT2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
AGXT2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
AGXT2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
AGXT2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AGXT2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for AGXT2 Gene

Publications for AGXT2 Gene

  1. Glycolate and glyoxylate metabolism in HepG2 cells. (PMID: 15240345) Baker P.R. … Holmes R.P. (Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. 2004) 2 3 22 25 64
  2. Human alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase 2 lowers asymmetric dimethylarginine and protects from inhibition of nitric oxide production. (PMID: 20018850) Rodionov R.N. … Lentz S.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 4 22 64
  3. Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase 2 (AGXT2) polymorphisms have considerable impact on methylarginine and I^-aminoisobutyrate metabolism in healthy volunteers. (PMID: 24586340) Kittel A. … Maas R. (PLoS ONE 2014) 3 4 64
  4. Association of the AGXT2 V140I polymorphism with risk for coronary heart disease in a Chinese population. (PMID: 24834905) Zhou J.P. … Chen X.P. (J. Atheroscler. Thromb. 2014) 3 4 64
  5. Alanine-Glyoxylate aminotransferase-2 metabolizes endogenous methylarginines, regulates NO, and controls blood pressure. (PMID: 23023372) Caplin B. … Leiper J. (Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 2012) 3 4 64

Products for AGXT2 Gene

Sources for AGXT2 Gene

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