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Aliases for AGTR2 Gene

Aliases for AGTR2 Gene

  • Angiotensin II Receptor Type 2 2 3
  • Angiotensin II Receptor, Type 2 3 5
  • Angiotensin II Type-2 Receptor 3 4
  • AT2 3 4
  • Angiotensin Receptor 2 2
  • ATGR2 3
  • MRX88 3

External Ids for AGTR2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AGTR2 Gene

  • GC0XP110072
  • GC0XP112376
  • GC0XP113316
  • GC0XP114086
  • GC0XP115113
  • GC0XP115216
  • GC0XP104838

Summaries for AGTR2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AGTR2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family, and functions as a receptor for angiotensin II. It is an intergral membrane protein that is highly expressed in fetus, but scantily in adult tissues, except brain, adrenal medulla, and atretic ovary. This receptor has been shown to mediate programmed cell death and this apoptotic function may play an important role in developmental biology and pathophysiology. Mutations in this gene are been associated with X-linked mental retardation. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

GeneCards Summary for AGTR2 Gene

AGTR2 (Angiotensin II Receptor Type 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AGTR2 include non-syndromic x-linked intellectual disability and vesicoureteral reflux. Among its related pathways are cGMP-PKG signaling pathway and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and peptide hormone binding. An important paralog of this gene is ACKR3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGTR2 Gene

  • Receptor for angiotensin II. Cooperates with MTUS1 to inhibit ERK2 activation and cell proliferation.

Tocris Summary for AGTR2 Gene

  • The angiotensin2 receptor (AT2) is a member of the angiotensin receptor group of G-protein-coupled receptors that also includes AT1 and AT4. They are located primarily in the brain, adrenal medulla, heart and uterus where they counterbalance the effects of AT1.

Gene Wiki entry for AGTR2 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AGTR2 Gene

Genomics for AGTR2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AGTR2 Gene

Enhancers for AGTR2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around AGTR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for AGTR2 Gene

Chromosome:
X
Start:
116,170,705 bp from pter
End:
116,174,972 bp from pter
Size:
4,268 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for AGTR2 Gene

Genes around AGTR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AGTR2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AGTR2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AGTR2 Gene

Proteins for AGTR2 Gene

  • Protein details for AGTR2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P50052-AGTR2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Type-2 angiotensin II receptor
    Protein Accession:
    P50052
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R9V1
    • Q13016
    • Q6FGY7

    Protein attributes for AGTR2 Gene

    Size:
    363 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    41184 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with MTUS1.

neXtProt entry for AGTR2 Gene

Proteomics data for AGTR2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AGTR2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 4, Asn 13, Asn 24, Asn 29, and Asn 34
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for AGTR2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AGTR2 Gene

Domains & Families for AGTR2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AGTR2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P50052

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AGTR2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AGTR2: view

Function for AGTR2 Gene

Molecular function for AGTR2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
angiotensin II (type-2) receptor,abundantly expressed during embryonic development in fetal tissues,in adrenal glands,heart and brain,G protein coupled receptor superfamily,involved in the activation of dephosphorylating enzymes,stimulating a phosphotyrosine phosphatase which inhibits guanylate cyclase (involved in blood pressure regulation)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor for angiotensin II. Cooperates with MTUS1 to inhibit ERK2 activation and cell proliferation.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AGTR2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AGTR2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for AGTR2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AGTR2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AGTR2 Gene

Localization for AGTR2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGTR2 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for AGTR2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AGTR2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AGTR2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for AGTR2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AGTR2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for AGTR2 Gene

Activates:
Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AGTR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001974 blood vessel remodeling TAS 17159080
GO:0001991 regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure by circulatory renin-angiotensin IEA,ISS --
GO:0002018 renin-angiotensin regulation of aldosterone production IEA --
GO:0002033 vasodilation by angiotensin involved in regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure IEA --
GO:0002035 brain renin-angiotensin system IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AGTR2: view

Drugs & Compounds for AGTR2 Gene

(46) Drugs for AGTR2 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Tasosartan Approved Pharma Target, antagonist 0
Irbesartan Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist Angiotensin II inhibitor 99
Azilsartan medoxomil Approved Pharma Angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonist 0
CYT006-AngQb Investigational Pharma Target 0
PS433540 Investigational Pharma antagonist 0

(20) Additional Compounds for AGTR2 Gene - From: Novoseek, IUPHAR, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
angiotensin I
Full agonist, Agonist
CGP 42112
127060-75-7
PD 123319 ditrifluoroacetate
130663-39-7

(3) Tocris Compounds for AGTR2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
CGP 42112 Selective, high affinity AT2 ligand 127060-75-7
Novokinin Orally active AT2 agonist 358738-77-9
PD 123319 ditrifluoroacetate Potent, selective non-peptide AT2 antagonist 130663-39-7

(15) ApexBio Compounds for AGTR2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Angiotensin (1-7) Vasoconstriction peptide hormone 51833-78-4
Angiotensin 1/2 (1-5) Vasoconstrictor 58442-64-1
Angiotensin 1/2 (1-6) Vasoconstrictor 47896-63-9
Angiotensin 1/2 + A (2 - 8) 51833-76-2
Angiotensin II Potent vasopressor and a powerful stimulus for production and release of aldosterone from the adrenal cortex. 68521-88-0
Angiotensin III (human, mouse) Aldosterone stimulator 13602-53-4
AVE 0991 Agonist of angiotensin-(1-7) receptor 304462-19-9
Azilsartan 147403-03-0
Azilsartan Medoxomil Angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonist 863031-21-4
Candesartan Cilexetil 145040-37-5
Eprosartan Mesylate 144143-96-4
Irbesartan Angiotensin II inhibitor 138402-11-6
LCZ696 936623-90-4
PD123319 Angiotensin AT2 receptor antagonist 130663-39-7
Tranilast Angiogenesis inhibitor 53902-12-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AGTR2: view

Transcripts for AGTR2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for AGTR2 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(26) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for AGTR2 Gene

Angiotensin II receptor, type 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AGTR2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AGTR2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
AGTR2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
AGTR2

Expression for AGTR2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AGTR2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AGTR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (x22.1), Fallopian Tube (x8.4), and Uterus (x4.3).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AGTR2 Gene Hs.405348

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AGTR2 Gene

P50052-AGTR2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: In adult, highly expressed in myometrium with lower levels in adrenal gland and fallopian tube. Expressed in the cerebellum. Very highly expressed in fetal kidney and intestine.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AGTR2: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Protein tissue co-expression partners for AGTR2 Gene

Orthologs for AGTR2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for AGTR2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AGTR2 35
  • 91.9 (n)
  • 94.2 (a)
AT2 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AGTR2 35
  • 92.63 (n)
  • 95.86 (a)
AGTR2 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Agtr2 35
  • 89.16 (n)
  • 91.74 (a)
Agtr2 16
Agtr2 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AGTR2 35
  • 99.72 (n)
  • 99.72 (a)
AGTR2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Agtr2 35
  • 89.35 (n)
  • 92.29 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AGTR2 36
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AGTR2 35
  • 62.62 (n)
  • 53.04 (a)
AGTR2 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AGTR2 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia agtr2 35
  • 58.53 (n)
  • 50.3 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii agtr2 35
  • 53.41 (n)
  • 46.49 (a)
agtr2 36
  • 43 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for AGTR2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for AGTR2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for AGTR2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for AGTR2 (if available)

Paralogs for AGTR2 Gene

Paralogs for AGTR2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AGTR2: view

Variants for AGTR2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AGTR2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs5191 - 116,173,023(+) GAACA(A/G)GATAA reference, missense
rs1042860 - 116,173,084(+) ATTTG(C/G)TGGCT reference, missense
rs3729977 - 116,172,971(+) CATGC(C/T)ATTTT reference, missense
rs121917810 - 116,172,342(+) CTTCG(G/T)GCTTG reference, missense
rs35474657 - 116,173,251(-) GGAAC(C/T)GGTTT reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AGTR2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2466e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv9965 CNV Gain 18304495

Variation tolerance for AGTR2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 81.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.86; 34.89% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AGTR2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
AGTR2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
AGTR2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGTR2 Gene

Disorders for AGTR2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for AGTR2 Gene - From: Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AGTR2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for AGTR2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
AGTR2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
AGTR2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
AGTR2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AGTR2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for AGTR2 Gene

Publications for AGTR2 Gene

  1. Angiotensin II type 2 receptor gene is not responsible for familial vesicoureteral reflux. (PMID: 12187255) Yoneda A. … Puri P. (J. Urol. 2002) 3 23 48 67
  2. Role of the angiotensin II type 2 receptor gene (+1675G/A) polymorphism on left ventricular hypertrophy and geometry in treated hypertensive patients. (PMID: 20467270) Huber M. … Kreutz R. (J. Hypertens. 2010) 3 23
  3. Dominant negative AT2 receptor oligomers induce G-protein arrest and symptoms of neurodegeneration. (PMID: 19074439) AbdAlla S. … Quitterer U. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23
  4. Angiotensin II AT2 receptor oligomers mediate G-protein dysfunction in an animal model of Alzheimer disease. (PMID: 19074441) AbdAlla S. … Quitterer U. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23
  5. Angiotensin II receptors are expressed and functional in human esophageal mucosa. (PMID: 19779016) Casselbrant A. … FAondriks L. (Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 2009) 3 23

Products for AGTR2 Gene

Sources for AGTR2 Gene

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