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Aliases for AGPAT2 Gene

Aliases for AGPAT2 Gene

  • 1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase 2 2 3 4
  • 1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase 2 (Lysophosphatidic Acid Acyltransferase, Beta) 2 3
  • Lysophosphatidic Acid Acyltransferase Beta 3 4
  • 1-AGP Acyltransferase 2 3 4
  • LPAAT-Beta 3 4
  • 1-AGPAT 2 3 4
  • BSCL1 3 6
  • LPAAB 3 6
  • BSCL 3 6
  • 1-Acyl-Sn-Glycerol-3-Phosphate Acyltransferase Beta 3
  • Berardinelli-Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy 2
  • Lysophosphatidic Acid Acyltransferase-Beta 3
  • Lysophosphatidic Acid Acyltransferase 2
  • EC 4
  • 1-AGPAT2 3
  • Beta 2

External Ids for AGPAT2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for AGPAT2 Gene

  • BSCL

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AGPAT2 Gene

  • GC09M130790
  • GC09M131257
  • GC09M133008
  • GC09M134924
  • GC09M136843
  • GC09M138687
  • GC09M139567
  • GC09M109027

Summaries for AGPAT2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AGPAT2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase family. The protein is located within the endoplasmic reticulum membrane and converts lysophosphatidic acid to phosphatidic acid, the second step in de novo phospholipid biosynthesis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL), or Berardinelli-Seip syndrome, a disease characterized by a near absence of adipose tissue and severe insulin resistance. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for AGPAT2 Gene

AGPAT2 (1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AGPAT2 include lipodystrophy, congenital generalized, type 1 and congenital generalized lipodystrophy. Among its related pathways are Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is AGPAT1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGPAT2 Gene

  • Converts lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) into phosphatidic acid by incorporating an acyl moiety at the sn-2 position of the glycerol backbone.

Gene Wiki entry for AGPAT2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AGPAT2 Gene

Genomics for AGPAT2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AGPAT2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for AGPAT2 Gene

136,673,143 bp from pter
136,687,459 bp from pter
14,317 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for AGPAT2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for AGPAT2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AGPAT2 Gene

Proteins for AGPAT2 Gene

  • Protein details for AGPAT2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase beta
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O00516
    • O15106
    • Q5VUD3
    • Q5VUD4
    • Q9BSV7
    • Q9BWR7

    Protein attributes for AGPAT2 Gene

    278 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    30914 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for AGPAT2 Gene


neXtProt entry for AGPAT2 Gene

Proteomics data for AGPAT2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AGPAT2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys166 and Lys261
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for AGPAT2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AGPAT2 Gene

Domains for AGPAT2 Gene

Gene Families for AGPAT2 Gene

  • AGPAT :1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferases

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • O15120
  • The HXXXXD motif is essential for acyltransferase activity and may constitute the binding site for the phosphate moiety of the glycerol-3-phosphate.
  • Belongs to the 1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AGPAT2: view

Function for AGPAT2 Gene

Molecular function for AGPAT2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (? beta),expressed in many tissues with highest expression in liver,pancreas,heart
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Acyl-CoA + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = CoA + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Converts lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) into phosphatidic acid by incorporating an acyl moiety at the sn-2 position of the glycerol backbone.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AGPAT2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AGPAT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003841 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase activity NAS 9461603
GO:0016746 transferase activity, transferring acyl groups --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AGPAT2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AGPAT2: view

Animal Models for AGPAT2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AGPAT2:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for AGPAT2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target AGPAT2

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AGPAT2

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for AGPAT2 Gene

Localization for AGPAT2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGPAT2 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AGPAT2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AGPAT2 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 4
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
lysosome 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AGPAT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum ISS --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AGPAT2: view

Pathways for AGPAT2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AGPAT2: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O15120-PLCB_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Phospholipid metabolism; CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis; CDP-diacylglycerol from sn-glycerol 3-phosphate: step 2/3

Interacting Proteins for AGPAT2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AGPAT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001819 positive regulation of cytokine production IMP 9212163
GO:0001961 positive regulation of cytokine-mediated signaling pathway IC 9212163
GO:0006644 phospholipid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006654 phosphatidic acid biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AGPAT2: view

Compounds for AGPAT2 Gene

(55) HMDB Compounds for AGPAT2 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A

(2) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for AGPAT2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
triacylglycerol 49.8 6
lipid 20.8 4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AGPAT2: view

Transcripts for AGPAT2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AGPAT2 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 2:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AGPAT2

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AGPAT2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b
SP1: -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for AGPAT2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AGPAT2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AGPAT2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AGPAT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (7.0), Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (6.5), and Adipose - Subcutaneous (5.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for AGPAT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (27.4), Adipocyte (16.8), and Lung (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for AGPAT2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AGPAT2 Gene Hs.320151

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AGPAT2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed predominantly in adipose tissue, pancreas and liver.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with AGPAT2: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Expression partners for AGPAT2 Gene

Orthologs for AGPAT2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for AGPAT2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AGPAT2 35
  • 83.57 (n)
  • 79.5 (a)
  • 79 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AGPAT2 35
  • 82.78 (n)
  • 77.66 (a)
  • 77 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Agpat2 35
  • 80.58 (n)
  • 76.98 (a)
Agpat2 16
Agpat2 36
  • 77 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AGPAT2 35
  • 97.6 (n)
  • 96.85 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Agpat2 35
  • 79.02 (n)
  • 75.9 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AGPAT2 36
  • 58 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AGPAT2 36
  • 58 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AGPAT2 35
  • 65.59 (n)
  • 57.26 (a)
  • 53 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 40 (a)
-- 36
  • 38 (a)
-- 36
  • 46 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia agpat2 35
  • 65.22 (n)
  • 58.27 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii agpat2 36
  • 47 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG3812 37
  • 41 (a)
CG3812 36
  • 27 (a)
fu12 36
  • 26 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea T06E8.1 37
  • 34 (a)
acl-1 36
  • 30 (a)
acl-2 36
  • 30 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes SLC1 36
  • 23 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AGPAT2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for AGPAT2 Gene

Gene Tree for AGPAT2 (if available)
Gene Tree for AGPAT2 (if available)

Paralogs for AGPAT2 Gene

Paralogs for AGPAT2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for AGPAT2 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AGPAT2: view

Variants for AGPAT2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AGPAT2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs6951 -- 136,673,310(-) TCAGG(C/G)TCTCT utr-variant-3-prime
rs10320 -- 136,673,235(-) GGAAT(C/T)GGGGC utr-variant-3-prime
rs878979 -- 136,689,026(+) TTTAC(A/G)TGCCA upstream-variant-2KB
rs914747 -- 136,676,128(-) AGCAG(C/T)GCCTC intron-variant
rs1061994 -- 136,673,189(-) TCAGC(A/C)CTGTA utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AGPAT2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv8385n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv2426e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv469918 CNV Loss 18288195
dgv8396n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv8400n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv894386 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv894387 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv8579 CNV Gain 18304495
dgv8401n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv509334 CNV Insertion 20534489
dgv8404n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv2427e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv955n27 CNV Loss 19166990
esv2422220 CNV Deletion 17116639
dgv8407n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv8408n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv894415 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv894429 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv957n27 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv894430 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv8410n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv894434 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv8411n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv8412n71 CNV Loss 21882294
esv32979 CNV Gain 17666407
nsv894446 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2739381 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2739382 CNV Deletion 23290073

Relevant External Links for AGPAT2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGPAT2 Gene

Disorders for AGPAT2 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for AGPAT2 Gene (603100)


  • Congenital generalized lipodystrophy 1 (CGL1) [MIM:608594]: An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a near complete absence of adipose tissue, extreme insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia, hepatic steatosis and early onset of diabetes. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11967537}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(3) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for AGPAT2 Gene

(7) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for AGPAT2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
lipodystrophy, congenital generalized 97.8 16
lipodystrophy 80.6 8
lipodystrophy, familial partial 73.5 1
insulin resistance 65.6 3
ovarian cancer 21.7 4

Relevant External Links for AGPAT2

Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AGPAT2: view

No data available for Genatlas for AGPAT2 Gene

Publications for AGPAT2 Gene

  1. Cloning and expression of two human lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase cDNAs that enhance cytokine-induced signaling responses in cells. (PMID: 9212163) West J. … Leung D.W. (DNA Cell Biol. 1997) 2 3 4 23
  2. AGPAT2 is mutated in congenital generalized lipodystrophy linked to chromosome 9q34. (PMID: 11967537) Agarwal A.K. … Garg A. (Nat. Genet. 2002) 3 4 23
  3. Enzymatic activity of naturally occurring 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate-O-acyltransferase 2 mutants associated with congenital generalized lipodystrophy. (PMID: 15629135) Haque W. … Agarwal A.K. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2005) 3 4 23
  4. Human lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase. cDNA cloning, expression, and localization to chromosome 9q34.3. (PMID: 9242711) Eberhardt C. … Tjoelker L.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997) 2 3 4
  5. A human cDNA sequence with homology to non-mammalian lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases. (PMID: 9291118) Stamps A.C. … Finnen M.J. (Biochem. J. 1997) 3 4

Products for AGPAT2 Gene

Sources for AGPAT2 Gene

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