Aliases for AGO3 Gene
External Ids for AGO3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for AGO3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AGO3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the Argonaute family of proteins which play a role in RNA interference. The encoded protein is highly basic, contains a PAZ domain and a PIWI domain, and may play a role in short-interfering-RNA-mediated gene silencing. This gene is located on chromosome 1 in a tandem cluster of closely related family members including argonaute 4 and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2C, 1. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for AGO3 Gene
AGO3 (Argonaute 3, RISC Catalytic Component) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Immune System. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and RNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is AGO1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AGO3 Gene
Required for RNA-mediated gene silencing (RNAi). Binds to short RNAs such as microRNAs (miRNAs) and represses the translation of mRNAs which are complementary to them. Lacks endonuclease activity and does not appear to cleave target mRNAs. Proposed to be involved in stabilization of small RNA derivates (riRNA) derived from processed RNA polymerase III-transcribed Alu repeats containing a DR2 retinoic acid response element (RARE) in stem cells and in the subsequent riRNA-dependent degradation of a subset of RNA polymerase II-transcribed coding mRNAs by recruiting a mRNA decapping complex involving EDC4.