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Aliases for AFMID Gene

Aliases for AFMID Gene

  • Arylformamidase 2 3 4 5
  • N-Formylkynurenine Formamidase 3 4
  • Kynurenine Formamidase 2 3
  • KFase 3 4
  • FKF 3 4
  • KFA 3 4
  • Probable Arylformamidase 3
  • EC 3.5.1.9 4
  • KF 3

External Ids for AFMID Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AFMID Gene

  • GC17P076780
  • GC17U900085
  • GC17P073695
  • GC17P076183
  • GC17P071607

Summaries for AFMID Gene

GeneCards Summary for AFMID Gene

AFMID (Arylformamidase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AFMID include Glaucomatocyclitic Crisis. Among its related pathways are Histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, proline and tryptophan catabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and arylformamidase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AFMID Gene

  • Catalyzes the hydrolysis of N-formyl-L-kynurenine to L-kynurenine, the second step in the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan degradation. Kynurenine may be further oxidized to nicotinic acid, NAD(H) and NADP(H). Required for elimination of toxic metabolites.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AFMID Gene

Genomics for AFMID Gene

Regulatory Elements for AFMID Gene

Enhancers for AFMID Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17F078170 1 FANTOM5 ENCODE 14.3 -11.0 -11044 6.1 HDGF WRNIP1 ZNF48 YY1 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 PAF1 SP3 ZHX2 AFMID C17orf99 TNRC6C-AS1 SYNGR2 TK1 TMC6 PGS1 SOCS3 GC17P078174
GH17F078112 0.5 ENCODE 12.4 -71.5 -71474 2.5 HDGF ZFP64 ARID4B ZNF48 ZNF2 SLC30A9 GLIS2 ZNF207 ZNF143 NFYC TK1 AFMID C17orf99 SYNGR2 RNU6-625P TNRC6C-AS1 TMC8
GH17F078136 0.5 ENCODE 12 -45.4 -45371 6.3 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SYNGR2 AFMID TK1 TNRC6C-AS1 TMC8 TMC6 C17orf99
GH17F078226 0.5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.7 +42.2 42224 1.8 NRF1 MAFG CEBPB ZNF501 ZEB2 ZKSCAN1 HIC1 ZNF316 MAFF GATA2 BIRC5 TK1 AFMID SYNGR2 TNRC6C-AS1 C17orf99 PGS1 ENSG00000200063 GC17M078223 TMEM235
GH17F078120 1.2 FANTOM5 ENCODE 11.6 -57.2 -57153 14.8 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT MLX CREB3L1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A YBX1 FEZF1 TMC6 TMC8 SYNGR2 AFMID TK1 TNRC6C-AS1 ENGASE PGS1 TNRC6C
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around AFMID on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the AFMID gene promoter:

Genomic Location for AFMID Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
78,185,102 bp from pter
End:
78,207,701 bp from pter
Size:
22,600 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for AFMID Gene

Genes around AFMID on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AFMID Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AFMID Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AFMID Gene

Proteins for AFMID Gene

  • Protein details for AFMID Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q63HM1-KFA_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Kynurenine formamidase
    Protein Accession:
    Q63HM1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A2RUB3

    Protein attributes for AFMID Gene

    Size:
    303 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33992 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Alternative splice isoforms for AFMID Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for AFMID Gene

Post-translational modifications for AFMID Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AFMID Gene

Domains & Families for AFMID Gene

Protein Domains for AFMID Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AFMID Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q63HM1

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

KFA_HUMAN :
  • The main chain amide nitrogen atoms of the second glycine and its adjacent residue in the HGGXW motif define the oxyanion hole, and stabilize the oxyanion that forms during the nucleophilic attack by the catalytic serine during substrate cleavage.
  • Belongs to the kynurenine formamidase family.
Domain:
  • The main chain amide nitrogen atoms of the second glycine and its adjacent residue in the HGGXW motif define the oxyanion hole, and stabilize the oxyanion that forms during the nucleophilic attack by the catalytic serine during substrate cleavage.
Family:
  • Belongs to the kynurenine formamidase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AFMID: view

No data available for Gene Families for AFMID Gene

Function for AFMID Gene

Molecular function for AFMID Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
N-formyl-L-kynurenine + H(2)O = formate + L-kynurenine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of N-formyl-L-kynurenine to L-kynurenine, the second step in the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan degradation. Kynurenine may be further oxidized to nicotinic acid, NAD(H) and NADP(H). Required for elimination of toxic metabolites.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AFMID Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AFMID Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004061 arylformamidase activity IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AFMID: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AFMID: view

Animal Models for AFMID Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AFMID:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for AFMID

miRNA for AFMID Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target AFMID

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AFMID Gene

Localization for AFMID Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AFMID Gene

Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus. Note=Predominantly cytosolic. Some fraction is nuclear. {ECO:0000255 HAMAP-Rule:MF_03014}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for AFMID Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AFMID gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 4
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AFMID Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA --
GO:0005829 cytosol IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AFMID: view

Pathways & Interactions for AFMID Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AFMID: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q63HM1-KFA_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Amino-acid degradation; L-tryptophan degradation via kynurenine pathway; L-kynurenine from L-tryptophan: step 2/2.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AFMID Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006569 tryptophan catabolic process IEA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0019441 tryptophan catabolic process to kynurenine IEA,IBA --
GO:0034354 de novo NAD biosynthetic process from tryptophan IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AFMID: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for AFMID Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AFMID Gene

(5) Drugs for AFMID Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Water Approved Pharma 0
2-Aminobenzoic acid Experimental Pharma 0
Formic acid Experimental Pharma 0
L-Kynurenine Pharma Tryptophan catabolite; endogenous aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand 0
NAD Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 0

(7) Additional Compounds for AFMID Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
5-Hydroxykynurenine
  • 5-Hydroxy-L-kynurenine
720-00-3
5-Hydroxy-N-formylkynurenine
Formylanthranilic acid
  • 2-(Formylamino)-benzoate
  • 2-(Formylamino)-benzoic acid
  • 2-(Formylamino)benzoate
  • 2-(Formylamino)benzoic acid
  • 2-Formamidobenzoate
3342-77-6
Hydroxykynurenine
  • 3-(3-Hydroxyanthraniloyl)-Alanine
  • 3-Hydroxy-DL-kynurenine
  • 3-Hydroxy-Kynurenine
  • 3-Hydroxykynurenine
  • DL-3-Hydroxykynurenine
484-78-6
L-Formylkynurenine
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AFMID: view

Transcripts for AFMID Gene

Unigene Clusters for AFMID Gene

Arylformamidase:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AFMID Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c · 12d · 12e
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - -
SP6: -
SP7: - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - - - - - - -
SP9:
SP10: - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for AFMID Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
AFMID
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
AFMID

Expression for AFMID Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for AFMID Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AFMID Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x8.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AFMID Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Gallbladder (17.2), Salivary gland (15.2), Skin (13.1), and Liver (10.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for AFMID Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for AFMID Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of AFMID Gene:

AFMID

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AFMID Gene:

Hs.558614
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AFMID: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AFMID Gene

Orthologs for AFMID Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for AFMID Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AFMID 34 35
  • 99.34 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AFMID 34 35
  • 83.68 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AFMID 34 35
  • 83.11 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Afmid 34 16 35
  • 77.78 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Afmid 34
  • 76.76 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 45 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 43 (a)
OneToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AFMID 35
  • 34 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AFMID 34 35
  • 64.42 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AFMID 35
  • 48 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia afmid 34
  • 58.3 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100537894 34
  • 58.36 (n)
afmid 35
  • 48 (a)
OneToMany
CU929356.4 35
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009433 34
  • 46.62 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta KFase 34
  • 44.44 (n)
CG9542 35
  • 24 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea D2024.2 34
  • 44.9 (n)
afmd-1 35
  • 29 (a)
OneToMany
Y45F10A.3 35
  • 25 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 26 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 26 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for AFMID was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for AFMID Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for AFMID (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for AFMID (if available)

Paralogs for AFMID Gene

No data available for Paralogs for AFMID Gene

Variants for AFMID Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AFMID Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1071664 -- 78,186,962(-) CTGCC(C/T)GGCTC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, synonymous-codon
rs1079133 -- 78,199,702(-) TGGTG(A/G)CCACA intron-variant
rs10852707 -- 78,195,520(+) ttttt(G/T)gggcg intron-variant
rs111349366 -- 78,184,074(+) GTGTA(A/C)CACCA intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs111381719 -- 78,198,646(+) AAAAA(A/G)AAAAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AFMID Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1113891 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv524306 CNV gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for AFMID Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 41.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.69; 72.99% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AFMID Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
AFMID

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AFMID Gene

Disorders for AFMID Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for AFMID Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
glaucomatocyclitic crisis
  • terrien-viel syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AFMID in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for AFMID

Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
AFMID
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
AFMID
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AFMID: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for AFMID Gene

Publications for AFMID Gene

  1. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3 64
  2. Panorama of ancient metazoan macromolecular complexes. (PMID: 26344197) Wan C. … Emili A. (Nature 2015) 3 64
  3. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and tumor protein 73 (TP73) interact with Epstein-Barr virus in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: results from the European case-control study EpiLymph. (PMID: 21048031) Casabonne D. … de Sanjose S. (Haematologica 2011) 3 64
  4. Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of HuR by heat shock. (PMID: 19322201) Abdelmohsen K. … Gorospe M. (EMBO J. 2009) 3 64
  5. The full-ORF clone resource of the German cDNA consortium. (PMID: 17974005) Bechtel S. … Schupp I. (BMC Genomics 2007) 4 64

Products for AFMID Gene

Sources for AFMID Gene

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