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Aliases for ADSSL1 Gene

Aliases for ADSSL1 Gene

  • Adenylosuccinate Synthase Like 1 2 3 5
  • Adenylosuccinate Synthetase, Muscle Isozyme 3 4
  • Adenylosuccinate Synthetase, Basic Isozyme 3 4
  • M-Type Adenylosuccinate Synthetase 3 4
  • IMP--Aspartate Ligase 1 3 4
  • EC 4 58
  • AMPSase 1 3 4
  • AdSS 1 3 4
  • Adenylosuccinate Synthetase Isozyme 1 3
  • ADSS1 4
  • MPD5 3

External Ids for ADSSL1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADSSL1 Gene

  • GC14P099181
  • GC14P103162
  • GC14P104261
  • GC14P105190
  • GC14P085387

Summaries for ADSSL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ADSSL1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the adenylosuccinate synthase family of proteins. The encoded muscle-specific enzyme plays a role in the purine nucleotide cycle by catalyzing the first step in the conversion of inosine monophosphate (IMP) to adenosine monophosphate (AMP). Mutations in this gene may cause adolescent onset distal myopathy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]

GeneCards Summary for ADSSL1 Gene

ADSSL1 (Adenylosuccinate Synthase Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADSSL1 include Myopathy, Distal, 5 and Myopathy. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Purine metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and GTPase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADSS.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADSSL1 Gene

  • Component of the purine nucleotide cycle (PNC), which interconverts IMP and AMP to regulate the nucleotide levels in various tissues, and which contributes to glycolysis and ammoniagenesis. Catalyzes the first committed step in the biosynthesis of AMP from IMP.

Additional gene information for ADSSL1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ADSSL1 Gene

Genomics for ADSSL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ADSSL1 Gene

Enhancers for ADSSL1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH14H104728 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 29.1 +9.2 9174 9.3 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 AKT1 ADSSL1 SIVA1 CEP170B IGHG4 C14orf180
GH14H104766 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 24.1 +43.8 43823 3.3 HDGF FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 GLIS2 ZNF143 RUNX3 PAF1 ADSSL1 AKT1 MTA1 IGHG4 LOC102723342 ENSG00000258430
GH14H104696 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18 -25.2 -25213 4.1 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT TCF12 GATA2 ATF7 NCOA1 ZNF592 SMARCA4 MYNN ADSSL1 SIVA1 INF2 AKT1 C14orf180 GC14M104689 ENSG00000258858
GH14H104825 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 10.9 +102.7 102724 2.9 ARID4B SIN3A ZBTB7B GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 SP3 SP5 NFYC REST LINC00638 ADSSL1 CEP170B RPS26P49
GH14H104740 0.5 dbSUPER 21.5 +17.7 17691 2.6 ZFHX2 ZSCAN4 ZNF239 EGR2 AKT1 ADSSL1 SIVA1
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ADSSL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ADSSL1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000073708 14 1201 ATF1 SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 GLIS2 ZNF143 SP3 SP5 MXD4

Genomic Locations for ADSSL1 Gene

Genomic Locations for ADSSL1 Gene
23,140 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ADSSL1 Gene

Genes around ADSSL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ADSSL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ADSSL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ADSSL1 Gene

Proteins for ADSSL1 Gene

  • Protein details for ADSSL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Adenylosuccinate synthetase isozyme 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q86TT6
    • Q8N714

    Protein attributes for ADSSL1 Gene

    457 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50208 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    • Sequence=AAH32039.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=1; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAD62614.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ADSSL1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ADSSL1 Gene


neXtProt entry for ADSSL1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ADSSL1 Gene


Post-translational modifications for ADSSL1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for ADSSL1 Gene

Gene Families for ADSSL1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ADSSL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the adenylosuccinate synthetase family.
  • Belongs to the adenylosuccinate synthetase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ADSSL1: view

Function for ADSSL1 Gene

Molecular function for ADSSL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
GTP + IMP + L-aspartate = GDP + phosphate + N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)-AMP.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Component of the purine nucleotide cycle (PNC), which interconverts IMP and AMP to regulate the nucleotide levels in various tissues, and which contributes to glycolysis and ammoniagenesis. Catalyzes the first committed step in the biosynthesis of AMP from IMP.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ADSSL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ADSSL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003924 GTPase activity IEA --
GO:0004019 adenylosuccinate synthase activity IMP,IEA 26506222
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA,NAS 15786719
GO:0016874 ligase activity IEA --
GO:0042301 phosphate ion binding NAS 15786719
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADSSL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ADSSL1: view

miRNA for ADSSL1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ADSSL1

Clone Products

No data available for Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ADSSL1 Gene

Localization for ADSSL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADSSL1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ADSSL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ADSSL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 15786719
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADSSL1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for ADSSL1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ADSSL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ADSSL1: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q8N142-PURA1_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; AMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway; AMP from IMP: step 1/2.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ADSSL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002376 immune system process NAS 15786719
GO:0006163 purine nucleotide metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006164 purine nucleotide biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006167 AMP biosynthetic process IDA 15786719
GO:0006531 aspartate metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADSSL1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ADSSL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ADSSL1 Gene

(9) Drugs for ADSSL1 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Aspartic acid Approved Nutra Target 0
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Adenylsuccinic acid Experimental Pharma Target 0
Guanosine diphosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0

(2) Additional Compounds for ADSSL1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • NFB Orthophosphate
  • O-Phosphoric acid
  • Ortho-phosphate
  • Orthophosphate (PO43-)
  • Orthophosphate(3-)
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ADSSL1: view

Transcripts for ADSSL1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ADSSL1 Gene

Adenylosuccinate synthase like 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ADSSL1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13
SP1: -
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for ADSSL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ADSSL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ADSSL1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ADSSL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x23.0) and Heart - Left Ventricle (x5.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ADSSL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Tonsil (48.9) and Heart (9.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ADSSL1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ADSSL1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ADSSL1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ADSSL1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Predominantly expressed in skeletal muscle and heart, as well as in several hematopoietic cell lines and solid tumors.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ADSSL1 Gene

  • Heart(4.6)
  • Liver(4.3)
  • Muscle(3.8)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ADSSL1: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ADSSL1 Gene

Orthologs for ADSSL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ADSSL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ADSSL1 34
  • 99 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ADSSL1 34
  • 92 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Adssl1 33 16 34
  • 89.28 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Adssl1 33
  • 89.2 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ADSSL1 33 34
  • 87.96 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ADSSL1 33 34
  • 85.7 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ADSSL1 34
  • 81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ADSSL1 33 34
  • 79.08 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ADSSL1 34
  • 81 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia adssl1 33
  • 76.11 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii adssl1 33 34
  • 74.14 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG17273 33 34
  • 64.85 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP003405 33
  • 63.01 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C37H5.6 33 34
  • 55.68 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ABL186W 33
  • 57.66 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ADE12 33 34 36
  • 55.69 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D19426g 33
  • 54.82 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons ADSS 33
  • 52.12 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0699300 33
  • 54.35 (n)
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.121 33
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.309 33
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes ade2 33
  • 57.29 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU09789 33
  • 56.25 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.8281 34
  • 54 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.3790 33
Species where no ortholog for ADSSL1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for ADSSL1 Gene

Gene Tree for ADSSL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for ADSSL1 (if available)

Paralogs for ADSSL1 Gene

Paralogs for ADSSL1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for ADSSL1 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ADSSL1: view

Variants for ADSSL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ADSSL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs140614802 Pathogenic, Myopathy, distal, 5 (MPD5) [MIM:617030] 104,741,231(+) TCCTC(A/G)ACATT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs559454746 Pathogenic 104,741,973(+) TGGGC(-/A)TCGGG upstream-variant-2KB, reference, frameshift-variant
rs1000017517 -- 104,745,849(+) GCCCT(A/C)TGGGA intron-variant
rs1000050078 -- 104,745,657(+) GAGAG(A/G)CTGCA intron-variant
rs1000203662 -- 104,741,144(+) CCATG(A/G)TCCGA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ADSSL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv952271 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv820230 CNV gain 19587683
nsv566069 CNV loss 21841781
nsv566062 CNV gain+loss 21841781
nsv566058 CNV gain 21841781
nsv566057 CNV gain+loss 21841781
nsv566051 CNV gain+loss 21841781
nsv517038 CNV loss 19592680
nsv470678 CNV gain 18288195
nsv470677 CNV loss 18288195
nsv456455 CNV loss 19166990
nsv1437 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv1054574 CNV loss 25217958
esv3635627 CNV gain 21293372
esv3635623 CNV gain 21293372
dgv3954n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv3953n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv3952n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv266n27 CNV loss 19166990
dgv265n27 CNV loss 19166990

Variation tolerance for ADSSL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 16.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.14; 51.52% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ADSSL1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADSSL1 Gene

Disorders for ADSSL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for ADSSL1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
myopathy, distal, 5
  • mpd5
  • muscular diseases
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Myopathy, distal, 5 (MPD5) [MIM:617030]: A form of distal myopathy, a group of muscular disorders characterized by progressive muscular weakness and muscle atrophy beginning in the hands, the legs or the feet. MPD5 is an autosomal recessive form, predominantly affecting the lower limbs. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:26506222}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for ADSSL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ADSSL1: view

No data available for Genatlas for ADSSL1 Gene

Publications for ADSSL1 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel muscle adenylosuccinate synthetase, AdSSL1, from human bone marrow stromal cells. (PMID: 15786719) Sun H … Cao X (Molecular and cellular biochemistry 2005) 3 4 22 60
  2. ADSSL1 mutation relevant to autosomal recessive adolescent onset distal myopathy. (PMID: 26506222) Park HJ … Choi BO (Annals of neurology 2016) 3 4 60
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 60
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60
  5. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 60

Products for ADSSL1 Gene

Sources for ADSSL1 Gene

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