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Aliases for ADSL Gene

Aliases for ADSL Gene

  • Adenylosuccinate Lyase 2 3
  • Adenylosuccinase 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • ASASE 3 4
  • AMPS 3 4
  • ASL 3 4
  • EC 4.3.2 63

External Ids for ADSL Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADSL Gene

  • GC22P037357
  • GC22P038985
  • GC22P039067
  • GC22P040742
  • GC22P023705

Summaries for ADSL Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ADSL Gene

  • Adenylsuccinate lyase is involved in both de novo synthesis of purines and formation of adenosine monophosphate from inosine monophosphate. It catalyzes two reactions in AMP biosynthesis: the removal of a fumarate from succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide (SAICA) ribotide to give aminoimidazole carboxamide ribotide (AICA) and removal of fumarate from adenylosuccinate to give AMP. Adenylosuccinase deficiency results in succinylpurinemic autism, psychomotor retardation, and , in some cases, growth retardation associated with muscle wasting and epilepsy. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ADSL Gene

ADSL (Adenylosuccinate Lyase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADSL include adenylosuccinase deficiency and histidinemia. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Carbon metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include N6-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMP AMP-lyase (fumarate-forming) activity and (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate AMP-lyase (fumarate-forming) activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADSL Gene

  • Catalyzes two non-sequential steps in de novo AMP synthesis: converts (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate (SAICAR) to fumarate plus 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide, and thereby also contributes to de novo IMP synthesis, and converts succinyladenosine monophosphate (SAMP) to AMP and fumarate

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ADSL Gene

Genomics for ADSL Gene

Regulatory Elements for ADSL Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for ADSL Gene

40,346,500 bp from pter
40,369,367 bp from pter
22,868 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ADSL Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ADSL Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ADSL Gene

Proteins for ADSL Gene

  • Protein details for ADSL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Adenylosuccinate lyase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B0QY76
    • O75495
    • Q5TI34

    Protein attributes for ADSL Gene

    484 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    54889 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer. Residues from neighboring subunits contribute catalytic and substrate-binding residues to each active site.
    • Sequence=AAC60603.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA46697.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ADSL Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ADSL Gene


neXtProt entry for ADSL Gene

Proteomics data for ADSL Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ADSL Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys134, Lys170, Lys276, and Lys415
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains for ADSL Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • P30566
  • Belongs to the lyase 1 family. Adenylosuccinate lyase subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ADSL: view

No data available for Gene Families for ADSL Gene

Function for ADSL Gene

Molecular function for ADSL Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: adenylosuccinate lyase,twelfth step of the de novo purine (adenylate) biosynthesis component of a bifunctional enzyme also catalyzing the eight step of the de novo purine biosynthesis,i.e,the conversion of SAICAR to AICAR (amino-imidazole carboxamide ribonucleotide),also involved in the purine nucleotide cycle
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMP = fumarate + AMP
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate = fumarate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation: The enzyme reaction kinetics indicate cooperativity between subunits.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Catalyzes two non-sequential steps in de novo AMP synthesis: converts (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate (SAICAR) to fumarate plus 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide, and thereby also contributes to de novo IMP synthesis, and converts succinyladenosine monophosphate (SAMP) to AMP and fumarate

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ADSL Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ADSL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity --
GO:0004018 N6-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMP AMP-lyase (fumarate-forming) activity TAS --
GO:0070626 (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate AMP-lyase (fumarate-forming) activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADSL: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for ADSL Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ADSL

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ADSL

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ADSL Gene

Localization for ADSL Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ADSL Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ADSL gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
extracellular 2
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ADSL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADSL: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADSL Gene

Pathways for ADSL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ADSL: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P30566-PUR8_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; AMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway; AMP from IMP: step 2/2
  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; IMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway; 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide from 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate: step 2/2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ADSL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001666 response to hypoxia IEA --
GO:0006144 purine nucleobase metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006163 purine nucleotide metabolic process --
GO:0006164 purine nucleotide biosynthetic process IC 10888601
GO:0006167 AMP biosynthetic process IDA 11428554
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADSL: view

Compounds for ADSL Gene

(7) HMDB Compounds for ADSL Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • 4-Amino-5-Imidazolecarboxamide
Adenosine monophosphate
  • 5'-AMP
Adenylsuccinic acid
  • 6-Succino-5'-adenylate
  • 5'-P-ribosyl-5-amino-4-imidazole carboxamide
Argininosuccinic acid
  • Argininosuccinate

(27) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for ADSL Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
adenylosuccinate 98.9 162
succinyladenosine 98.5 17
saicar 96.5 15
samp 86.7 9
purine 81.5 26
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ADSL: view

Transcripts for ADSL Gene

Unigene Clusters for ADSL Gene

Adenylosuccinate lyase:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ADSL

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ADSL Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ADSL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ADSL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ADSL Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ADSL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ADSL Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ADSL Gene Hs.75527

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ADSL Gene

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed. Both isoforms are produced by all tissues. Isoform 2 is 10-fold less abundant than isoform 1
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ADSL: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for ADSL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ADSL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ADSL 35
  • 99.1 (n)
  • 98.55 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 77 (a)
  • 89.81 (n)
  • 94.63 (a)
  • 93 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ADSL 35
  • 90.63 (n)
  • 93.6 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Adsl 35
  • 86.91 (n)
  • 94.01 (a)
Adsl 16
Adsl 36
  • 94 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ADSL 36
  • 78 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ADSL 36
  • 83 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Adsl 35
  • 86.23 (n)
  • 93.18 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ADSL 35
  • 75.53 (n)
  • 84.53 (a)
  • 82 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ADSL 36
  • 76 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia adsl-prov 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia adsl 35
  • 73.45 (n)
  • 83.69 (a)
Str.3693 35
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.103 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii adsl 35
  • 69.84 (n)
  • 77.33 (a)
adsl 36
  • 76 (a)
wufi60b04 35
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002378 35
  • 63.34 (n)
  • 68.11 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG3590 35
  • 64.67 (n)
  • 67.88 (a)
CG3590 36
  • 66 (a)
CG3590 37
  • 67 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea R06C7.5 36
  • 46 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ABL006C 35
  • 61.54 (n)
  • 66.02 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ADE13 35
  • 59.67 (n)
  • 64.67 (a)
ADE13 36
  • 63 (a)
ADE13 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0B13189g 35
  • 59.41 (n)
  • 65.95 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06187 35
  • 57.5 (n)
  • 55.86 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes ade8 35
  • 58.9 (n)
  • 62.82 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.14641 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.4901 36
  • 67 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ADSL:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ADSL Gene

Gene Tree for ADSL (if available)
Gene Tree for ADSL (if available)

Paralogs for ADSL Gene

No data available for Paralogs for ADSL Gene

Variants for ADSL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ADSL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs742139 -- 40,345,968(+) GGTAT(C/G)TTCAT upstream-variant-2KB
rs751367 -- 40,345,516(+) GAACC(C/T)TTTCC upstream-variant-2KB
rs909204 -- 40,346,165(+) ggagg(G/T)tctcc upstream-variant-2KB
rs909205 -- 40,346,180(+) gttgc(C/G)caggc upstream-variant-2KB
rs909669 -- 40,346,413(+) CTCCG(C/T)AGCCG upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ADSL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834202 CNV Loss 17160897

Relevant External Links for ADSL Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADSL Gene

Disorders for ADSL Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (7) Diseases for ADSL Gene including...

Search for ADSL Gene in MalaCards »

(1) OMIM Diseases for ADSL Gene (608222)


  • Adenylosuccinase deficiency (ADSL deficiency) [MIM:103050]: An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the accumulation in the body fluids of succinylaminoimidazole-carboxamide riboside (SAICA-riboside) and succinyladenosine (S-Ado). Most children display marked psychomotor delay, often accompanied by epilepsy or autistic features, or both, although some patients may be less profoundly retarded. Occasionally, growth retardation and muscular wasting are also present. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10090474, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10888601, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12368987, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12833398, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1302001, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9266401, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9545543}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(18) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for ADSL Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
argininosuccinate lyase deficiency 84.1 9
autistic 80.2 13
histidinemia 78.1 2
mental retardation 55 7
severe mental retardation 53.6 1

Genatlas disease for ADSL Gene

mental retardation,severe,with autistic features and succinylpurinemia

Relevant External Links for ADSL

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ADSL: view

Publications for ADSL Gene

  1. Mapping of the human adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) gene to chromosome 22q13.1-->q13.2. (PMID: 8404037) Fon E.A. … Rouleau G.A. (Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 1993) 2 3 4 23
  2. A mutation in adenylosuccinate lyase associated with mental retardation and autistic features. (PMID: 1302001) Stone R.L. … Dixon J.E. (Nat. Genet. 1992) 3 4 23
  3. Identification of new mutations in the adenylosuccinate lyase gene associated with impaired enzyme activity in lymphocytes and red blood cells. (PMID: 9545543) Verginelli D. … Gross M. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1998) 3 4 23
  4. Mutation analysis in adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency: eight novel mutations in the re-evaluated full ADSL coding sequence. (PMID: 10090474) Marie S. … van den Berghe G. (Hum. Mutat. 1999) 3 4 23
  5. Adenylosuccinase deficiency presenting with epilepsy in early infancy. (PMID: 9266401) Maaswinkel-Mooij P.D. … Poorthuis B.J.H.M. (J. Inherit. Metab. Dis. 1997) 3 4 23

Products for ADSL Gene

Sources for ADSL Gene

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