Aliases for ADCY8 Gene
External Ids for ADCY8 Gene
Previous Symbols for ADCY8 Gene
Adenylate cyclase is a membrane bound enzyme that catalyses the formation of cyclic AMP from ATP. The enzymatic activity is under the control of several hormones, and different polypeptides participate in the transduction of the signal from the receptor to the catalytic moiety. Stimulatory or inhibitory receptors (Rs and Ri) interact with G proteins (Gs and Gi) that exhibit GTPase activity and they modulate the activity of the catalytic subunit of the adenylyl cyclase [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ADCY8 Gene
ADCY8 (Adenylate Cyclase 8 (Brain)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADCY8 include adenoma and thyroid adenoma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by FGFR and Signaling by FGFR. GO annotations related to this gene include adenylate cyclase activity and calcium- and calmodulin-responsive adenylate cyclase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCY5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADCY8 Gene
This is a membrane-bound, calcium-stimulable adenylyl cyclase. May be involved in learning, in memory and in drug dependence (By similarity).
Adenylyl Cyclases (AC) are a group of enzymes that convert adenosine-5-triphosphate (ATP) into 3,5-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and pyrophosphate. There are ten different mammalian isoforms of AC; nine are membrane-bound, which are all found in, but not limited to, excitable tissues such as neurons and muscle, and one soluble form (sAC), which is expressed predominantly in the testis. The ten adenylyl cyclase isoforms can be divided into five distinct families based on their functional attributes; AC1, AC3 and AC8 are Ca2+-calmodulin-sensitive; AC2, AC4 and AC7 are Gbetagamma-stimulatory forms; AC5 and AC6 are distinguished by their insensitivity to inhibition by both Ca2+ and Galphai; AC9 is forskolin-insensitive and sAC is similar to cyanobacteria AC. Adenylyl cyclases are regulated by post-translational modifications, phosphorylation, G proteins, forskolin, pyrophosphate, calcium and calmodulin and the functions of this enzyme are diverse. Perturbations in adenylyl cyclase activity has been implicated in alcholol and opioid addiction and is associated with human diseases, including thyroid adenoma, male precocious puberty and chondrodysplasia.