Aliases for ADCY7 Gene
External Ids for ADCY7 Gene
This gene encodes a membrane-bound adenylate cyclase that catalyses the formation of cyclic AMP from ATP and is inhibitable by calcium. The product of this gene is a member of the adenylyl cyclase class-4/guanylyl cyclase enzyme family that is characterized by the presence of twelve membrane-spanning domains in its sequences. Several transcript variants have been observed for this gene, but the full-length natures of only two have been determined so far. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2013]
GeneCards Summary for ADCY7 Gene
ADCY7 (Adenylate Cyclase 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADCY7 include adenoma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by FGFR and Signaling by FGFR. GO annotations related to this gene include adenylate cyclase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCY5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADCY7 Gene
This is a membrane-bound, calcium-inhibitable adenylyl cyclase
Adenylyl Cyclases (AC) are a group of enzymes that convert adenosine-5-triphosphate (ATP) into 3,5-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and pyrophosphate. There are ten different mammalian isoforms of AC; nine are membrane-bound, which are all found in, but not limited to, excitable tissues such as neurons and muscle, and one soluble form (sAC), which is expressed predominantly in the testis. The ten adenylyl cyclase isoforms can be divided into five distinct families based on their functional attributes; AC1, AC3 and AC8 are Ca2+-calmodulin-sensitive; AC2, AC4 and AC7 are Gbetagamma-stimulatory forms; AC5 and AC6 are distinguished by their insensitivity to inhibition by both Ca2+ and Galphai; AC9 is forskolin-insensitive and sAC is similar to cyanobacteria AC. Adenylyl cyclases are regulated by post-translational modifications, phosphorylation, G proteins, forskolin, pyrophosphate, calcium and calmodulin and the functions of this enzyme are diverse. Perturbations in adenylyl cyclase activity has been implicated in alcholol and opioid addiction and is associated with human diseases, including thyroid adenoma, male precocious puberty and chondrodysplasia.