Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for ACY3 Gene

Aliases for ACY3 Gene

  • Aminoacylase 3 2 3 5
  • Hepatitis C Virus Core-Binding Protein 1 3 4
  • Aspartoacylase (Aminoacylase) 3 2 3
  • HCV Core-Binding Protein 1 3 4
  • Aspartoacylase-2 3 4
  • Acylase III 3 4
  • ACY-3 3 4
  • HCBP1 3 4
  • N-Acyl-Aromatic-L-Amino Acid Amidohydrolase (Carboxylate-Forming) 3
  • N-Acyl-Aromatic-L-Amino Acid Amidohydrolase 2
  • Aspartoacylase (Aminocyclase) 3 3
  • Aminoacylase-3 4
  • EC 3.5.1.114 4
  • EC 3.5.1.15 61
  • ASPA2 4

External Ids for ACY3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACY3 Gene

  • GC11M067166
  • GC11M067411
  • GC11M063739

Summaries for ACY3 Gene

GeneCards Summary for ACY3 Gene

ACY3 (Aminoacylase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in linear amides. An important paralog of this gene is ASPA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACY3 Gene

  • Plays an important role in deacetylating mercapturic acids in kidney proximal tubules. Also acts on N-acetyl-aromatic amino acids (By similarity).

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ACY3 Gene

Genomics for ACY3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ACY3 Gene

Enhancers for ACY3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH11F067619 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 11.8 +29.8 29812 2.8 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 ARID4B YBX1 RAD21 CHAMP1 SCRT2 ZNF143 NUDT8 DOC2GP ENSG00000260808 GSTP1 RPL37P2 ALDH3B2 ACY3 ENSG00000227834 ENSG00000258297 CDK2AP2
GH11F067727 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 11.6 -77.6 -77620 1.7 SOX13 CTCF SOX5 ZFP64 ZBTB33 ZNF652 RELA ACY3 ENSG00000227834 NUDT8 ENSG00000255318 ALDH3B2 FAM86C2P OR7E145P OR7E11P
GH11F067572 0.6 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 +77.8 77798 1.4 ATF1 ARID4B ZNF2 ZNF143 FOS SP5 REST KAT8 ZNF585B SMARCA4 NDUFV1 RBM4B C11orf72 ENSG00000255119 DOC2GP NUDT8 TBX10 AIP ACY3 ENSG00000227834
GH11F067560 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 +87.9 87923 3.9 PKNOX1 ATF1 GATA2 FOS JUNB REST TBX21 ZNF592 CREB3 MEF2D PTPRCAP AIP NDUFV1 ENSG00000258297 CLCF1 RBM4B CABP2 C11orf72 ENSG00000255119 DOC2GP
GH11F067673 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.4 -23.8 -23820 2.8 PKNOX1 SIN3A DMAP1 RAD21 GLIS2 SCRT2 RCOR1 THAP11 ZBTB11 ZHX2 ALDH3B2 ACY3 RAD9A NUDT8 GC11M067674
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ACY3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ACY3 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000564262 7 801 TBP HDAC1 PKNOX1 KAT8 SREBF1 RAD51 SMARCA4 ETV4 IKZF1 HNF4A

Genomic Location for ACY3 Gene

Chromosome:
11
Start:
67,642,555 bp from pter
End:
67,650,807 bp from pter
Size:
8,253 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ACY3 Gene

Genes around ACY3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ACY3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ACY3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ACY3 Gene

Proteins for ACY3 Gene

  • Protein details for ACY3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q96HD9-ACY3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    N-acyl-aromatic-L-amino acid amidohydrolase (carboxylate-forming)
    Protein Accession:
    Q96HD9

    Protein attributes for ACY3 Gene

    Size:
    319 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35241 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Exists as a mixture of homodimers and homotetramer, both catalytically active (By similarity). Interacts with HCV core protein.

neXtProt entry for ACY3 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ACY3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ACY3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ACY3 Gene

Domains & Families for ACY3 Gene

Protein Domains for ACY3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ACY3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q96HD9

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ACY3_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the AspA/AstE family. Aspartoacylase subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the AspA/AstE family. Aspartoacylase subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ACY3: view

No data available for Gene Families for ACY3 Gene

Function for ACY3 Gene

Molecular function for ACY3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
An N-acyl-aromatic-L-amino acid + H(2)O = an aromatic-L-amino acid + a carboxylate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
An N-acetyl-L-cysteine-S-conjugate + H(2)O = an L-cysteine-S-conjugate + acetate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays an important role in deacetylating mercapturic acids in kidney proximal tubules. Also acts on N-acetyl-aromatic amino acids (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ACY3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ACY3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0004046 aminoacylase activity TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21516116
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0016788 hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACY3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ACY3: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ACY3 Gene

Localization for ACY3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACY3 Gene

Apical cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cytoplasm. Note=Predominantly localized in the apical membrane of cells in the S1 segment. In the proximal straight tubules (S2 and S3 segments) is expressed diffusely throughout the cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ACY3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ACY3 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 3
nucleus 2
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ACY3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016324 apical plasma membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACY3: view

Pathways & Interactions for ACY3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ACY3: view

Pathways by source for ACY3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ACY3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006805 xenobiotic metabolic process TAS --
GO:0008150 biological_process ND --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0016032 viral process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACY3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ACY3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ACY3 Gene

(10) Drugs for ACY3 Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Aspartic acid Approved Nutra Target 0
Bisoprolol Approved Pharma 62
Water Approved Pharma 0
acetic acid Approved Nutra Full agonist, Agonist 107
Formic acid Experimental Pharma 0

(6) Additional Compounds for ACY3 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Arachidic acid
  • Arachate
  • Arachic acid
  • Arachidate
  • Arachidic acid
  • Eicosanoate
506-30-9
Heptadecanoic acid
  • Heptadecanoate
  • Heptadecanoic acid
  • Margarate
  • Margaric acid
  • Margarinate
506-12-7
Heptadecanoyl CoA
  • Heptadecanoate
  • Heptadecanoic acid
  • Heptadecanoic acid coa
  • Heptadecanoyl coenzyme A
  • Heptadecanoyl-coA
3546-17-6
N-Acetyl-L-aspartic acid
  • (2S)-2-acetamidobutanedioate
  • (2S)-2-acetamidobutanedioic acid
  • (S)-2-(acetylamino)butanedioate
  • (S)-2-(acetylamino)butanedioic acid
  • (S)-2-(acetylamino)succinic acid
997-55-7
N-Formyl-L-aspartate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ACY3: view

Transcripts for ACY3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ACY3 Gene

Aspartoacylase (aminocyclase) 3:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ACY3 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b
SP1:
SP2: - -
SP3:

Relevant External Links for ACY3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ACY3
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ACY3

Expression for ACY3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ACY3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ACY3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney - Cortex (x17.0), Liver (x6.8), Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x6.3), and Pancreas (x4.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ACY3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney (40.4), Pancreatic juice (10.1), and Fetal gut (7.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ACY3 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ACY3 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ACY3 Gene:

ACY3

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ACY3 Gene:

Hs.126265
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ACY3: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ACY3 Gene

Orthologs for ACY3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ACY3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ACY3 34 35
  • 99.27 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Acy3 34 16 35
  • 77.14 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Acy3 34
  • 76.11 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ACY3 35
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ACY3 35
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia acy3 34
  • 56.72 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii acy3.1 34 35
  • 52.73 (n)
acy3.2 35
  • 22 (a)
OneToMany
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.7431 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 38 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for ACY3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ACY3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ACY3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ACY3 (if available)

Paralogs for ACY3 Gene

Paralogs for ACY3 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for ACY3 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ACY3: view

Variants for ACY3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ACY3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10716389 -- 67,650,872(+) TGGCC(-/A)GGCCA upstream-variant-2KB
rs10736660 -- 67,652,384(+) CTGAT(A/G)ATGAT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1111928 -- 67,649,137(+) GTCAG(C/T)AGAGG intron-variant
rs111229102 -- 67,642,282(+) GGGGG(G/T)TCCCC downstream-variant-500B
rs111375674 -- 67,647,013(+) ACGCA(G/T)GGGCT reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ACY3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1214n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv154n27 CNV loss 19166990
dgv1981n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv1982n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv2422195 CNV duplication 17116639
esv3334811 CNV duplication 20981092
nsv468606 CNV gain 19166990
nsv468609 CNV loss 19166990
nsv469963 CNV loss 18288195
nsv555273 CNV loss 21841781
nsv951023 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for ACY3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 62.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.95; 36.18% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ACY3 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ACY3

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACY3 Gene

Disorders for ACY3 Gene

Relevant External Links for ACY3

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
ACY3

No disorders were found for ACY3 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ACY3 Gene

Publications for ACY3 Gene

  1. Identification of a novel protein binding to hepatitis C virus core protein. (PMID: 19486448) Chen Y.R. … Liu M. (J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2009) 3 4 64
  2. Structural characterization, tissue distribution, and functional expression of murine aminoacylase III. (PMID: 14656720) Pushkin A. … Kurtz I. (Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. 2004) 2 3 64
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  4. Genetic determinants influencing human serum metabolome among African Americans. (PMID: 24625756) Yu B. … Boerwinkle E. (PLoS Genet. 2014) 3 64
  5. A proteome-scale map of the human interactome network. (PMID: 25416956) Rolland T. … Vidal M. (Cell 2014) 3 64

Products for ACY3 Gene

Sources for ACY3 Gene

Content
Loading form....