Aliases for ACTB Gene
External Ids for ACTB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACTB Gene
This gene encodes one of six different actin proteins. Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in cell motility, structure, and integrity. This actin is a major constituent of the contractile apparatus and one of the two nonmuscle cytoskeletal actins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACTB Gene
ACTB (Actin, Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACTB include dystonia, juvenile-onset and baraitser-winter syndrome 1. Among its related pathways are Ras signaling pathway and Proteoglycans in cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and kinesin binding. An important paralog of this gene is ACTRT1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACTB Gene
Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in various types of cell motility and are ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic cells
Actin is a ubiquitous globular protein that is one of the most highly-conserved proteins known. It is found in two main states; G-actin is the globular monomeric form, whereas F-actin forms helical polymers. Both G- and F-actin are intrinsically flexible structures - a feature vital in actin's role as a dynamic filament network. Actin has four major functions. Firstly, F-actin polymers form microfilaments - polar intracellular 'tracks' for kinesin motor proteins, allowing the transport of vesicles, organelles and other cargo. Actin is a component of the cytoskeleton and links to alpha-actinin, E-cadherin and beta-catenin at adherens junctions. This gives mechanical support to cells and attaches them to each other and the extracellular matrix. In muscle cells, actin-rich thin filaments associate with myosin-rich thick filaments to form actomyosin myofibrils. Using energy from the hydrolysis of ATP, myofibrils undergo cyclic shortening through actin-myosin head interactions, which represents the mechanics of muscle contraction. Finally, actin has a role in cell motility through polymerization and depolymerization of fibrils.