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Aliases for ACSM2A Gene

Aliases for ACSM2A Gene

  • Acyl-CoA Synthetase Medium-Chain Family Member 2A 2 3 4 5
  • Acyl-CoA Synthetase Medium-Chain Family Member 2 2 3
  • Middle-Chain Acyl-CoA Synthetase 2A 3 4
  • Butyryl-Coenzyme A Synthetase 2A 3 4
  • Butyrate--CoA Ligase 2A 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • ACSM2 3 4
  • Homolog Of Rat Kidney-Specific (KS) 3
  • A-923A4.1 3
  • EC 6.2.1 63
  • MACS2 4

External Ids for ACSM2A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ACSM2A Gene

  • ACSM2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACSM2A Gene

  • GC16P020372
  • GC16P018999

Summaries for ACSM2A Gene

GeneCards Summary for ACSM2A Gene

ACSM2A (Acyl-CoA Synthetase Medium-Chain Family Member 2A) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Phase II conjugation and Butanoate metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include butyrate-CoA ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACSM2B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSM2A Gene

  • Has medium-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase activity with broad substrate specificity (in vitro). Acts on acids from C(4) to C(11) and on the corresponding 3-hydroxy- and 2,3- or 3,4-unsaturated acids (in vitro) (By similarity).

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ACSM2A Gene

Genomics for ACSM2A Gene

Regulatory Elements for ACSM2A Gene

Enhancers for ACSM2A Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around ACSM2A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for ACSM2A Gene

20,451,461 bp from pter
20,487,669 bp from pter
36,209 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ACSM2A Gene

Genes around ACSM2A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ACSM2A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ACSM2A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ACSM2A Gene

Proteins for ACSM2A Gene

  • Protein details for ACSM2A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Acyl-coenzyme A synthetase ACSM2A, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KTT9
    • O75202

    Protein attributes for ACSM2A Gene

    577 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64223 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420; Name=Mn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29035;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer.
    • Sequence=AAC23497.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ACSM2A Gene

neXtProt entry for ACSM2A Gene

Proteomics data for ACSM2A Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ACSM2A Gene

Post-translational modifications for ACSM2A Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for ACSM2A Gene

Gene Families for ACSM2A Gene

Protein Domains for ACSM2A Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ACSM2A Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.
  • Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ACSM2A: view

Function for ACSM2A Gene

Molecular function for ACSM2A Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a carboxylate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Has medium-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase activity with broad substrate specificity (in vitro). Acts on acids from C(4) to C(11) and on the corresponding 3-hydroxy- and 2,3- or 3,4-unsaturated acids (in vitro) (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ACSM2A Gene

Phenotypes for ACSM2A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ACSM2A: view

Animal Models for ACSM2A Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ACSM2A:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ACSM2A Gene

Localization for ACSM2A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSM2A Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ACSM2A Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ACSM2A gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 2
cytosol 1
peroxisome 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ACSM2A Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ACSM2A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ACSM2A: view

Pathways by source for ACSM2A Gene

Interacting Proteins for ACSM2A Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ACSM2A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006631 fatty acid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0042593 glucose homeostasis NAS 16521160
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSM2A: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ACSM2A Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ACSM2A Gene

(11) Drugs for ACSM2A Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Adenosine monophosphate Approved Nutra 0
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
butyric acid Experimental Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 348
Diphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
Heptanoic acid Experimental Pharma 0

(33) Additional Compounds for ACSM2A Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-decenoic acid
  • 2-trans-Decenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoic acid
  • 2,3-trans-Octenoyl coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA.
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ACSM2A: view

Transcripts for ACSM2A Gene

Unigene Clusters for ACSM2A Gene

Acyl-CoA synthetase medium-chain family member 2A:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ACSM2A Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ACSM2A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ACSM2A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ACSM2A Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ACSM2A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x34.0) and Kidney - Cortex (x18.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ACSM2A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Gallbladder (43.5), Liver (15.3), and Kidney (9.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ACSM2A Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ACSM2A Gene Hs.656497

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ACSM2A: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ACSM2A Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ACSM2A Gene

Orthologs for ACSM2A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ACSM2A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ACSM2B 35
  • 83.82 (n)
  • 81.07 (a)
  • 80 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ACSM2A 35
  • 82.38 (n)
  • 79.03 (a)
-- 36
  • 79 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Acsm2 35
  • 81.01 (n)
  • 76.31 (a)
Acsm2 16
Acsm2 36
  • 73 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ACSM2A 35
  • 99.13 (n)
  • 98.79 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Acsm2a 35
  • 81.88 (n)
  • 77.97 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 61 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 73 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG11453 36
  • 19 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea acs-16 36
  • 17 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ACSM2A:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for ACSM2A Gene

Gene Tree for ACSM2A (if available)
Gene Tree for ACSM2A (if available)

Paralogs for ACSM2A Gene

Paralogs for ACSM2A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ACSM2A: view

Variants for ACSM2A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ACSM2A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1133607 - 20,483,086(+) GGCCT(C/G/T)GCAGT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs1054977 - 20,486,625(+) AACGA(A/C/G)CCAAG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs4643305 - 20,475,678(+) ACTGC(A/C/G)TCACT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_058693 -
rs4586421 - 20,475,685(+) CACTG(C/G/T)AGGGG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ACSM2A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv436835 CNV Insertion 17901297
nsv905570 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv826e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv1311 CNV CNV 17122850
nsv905571 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv437805 CNV Loss 16327808
esv2675909 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv7279 OTHER Inversion 18451855
nsv525413 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv346n27 CNV Loss 19166990
dgv827e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv516604 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv48n17 CNV Loss 16327808
dgv828e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv1760 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv9389 CNV Loss 18304495
esv26098 CNV Loss 19812545
nsv827582 CNV Gain 20364138

Variation tolerance for ACSM2A Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 96.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.46; 88.66% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for ACSM2A Gene

Disorders for ACSM2A Gene

Relevant External Links for ACSM2A

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for ACSM2A Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ACSM2A Gene

Publications for ACSM2A Gene

  1. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 48 67
  2. An atlas of genetic influences on human blood metabolites. (PMID: 24816252) Shin S.Y. … Soranzo N. (Nat. Genet. 2014) 3
  3. Structural snapshots for the conformation-dependent catalysis by human medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A synthetase ACSM2A. (PMID: 19345228) Kochan G. … Yue W.W. (J. Mol. Biol. 2009) 3
  4. Comparative analyses of disease risk genes belonging to the acyl-CoA synthetase medium-chain (ACSM) family in human liver and cell lines. (PMID: 19634011) Boomgaarden I. … Doering F. (Biochem. Genet. 2009) 3
  5. Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes. (PMID: 16344560) Kimura K. … Sugano S. (Genome Res. 2006) 3

Products for ACSM2A Gene

Sources for ACSM2A Gene