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Aliases for ACSM1 Gene

Aliases for ACSM1 Gene

  • Acyl-CoA Synthetase Medium-Chain Family Member 1 2 3 4
  • MACS1 3 4 6
  • Middle-Chain Acyl-CoA Synthetase 1 3 4
  • Butyryl Coenzyme A Synthetase 1 2 3
  • Butyryl-Coenzyme A Synthetase 1 3 4
  • Lipoate-Activating Enzyme 3 4
  • Butyrate--CoA Ligase 1 3 4
  • EC 4 64
  • BUCS1 3 4
  • Acyl-Coenzyme A Synthetase ACSM1, Mitochondrial 3
  • Medium-Chain Acyl-CoA Synthetase 3
  • Butyrate CoA Ligase 3
  • EC 6.2.1 64
  • LAE 4

External Ids for ACSM1 Gene

Previous Symbols for ACSM1 Gene

  • BUCS1

Summaries for ACSM1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for ACSM1 Gene

ACSM1 (Acyl-CoA Synthetase Medium-Chain Family Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and fatty acid ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACSM2B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSM1 Gene

  • Has medium-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase activity with broad substrate specificity (in vitro). Acts on acids from C(4) to C(11) and on the corresponding 3-hydroxy- and 2,3- or 3,4-unsaturated acids (in vitro). Functions as GTP-dependent lipoate-activating enzyme that generates the substrate for lipoyltransferase (By similarity).

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ACSM1 Gene

Genomics for ACSM1 Gene

Genomic Location for ACSM1 Gene

20,623,233 bp from pter
20,698,890 bp from pter
75,658 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ACSM1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ACSM1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ACSM1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ACSM1 Gene

Proteins for ACSM1 Gene

  • Protein details for ACSM1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Acyl-coenzyme A synthetase ACSM1, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q08AH2
    • Q96A20

    Protein attributes for ACSM1 Gene

    577 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    65273 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer.

    Alternative splice isoforms for ACSM1 Gene


neXtProt entry for ACSM1 Gene

Proteomics data for ACSM1 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ACSM1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ACSM1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ACSM1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains for ACSM1 Gene

Gene Families for ACSM1 Gene

  • ACS :Acyl-CoA synthetase family

Protein Domains for ACSM1 Gene


  • Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.:
    • Q08AH1
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ACSM1: view

Function for ACSM1 Gene

Molecular function for ACSM1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: ATP + a carboxylate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: GTP + lipoate = diphosphate + lipoyl-GMP
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Has medium-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase activity with broad substrate specificity (in vitro). Acts on acids from C(4) to C(11) and on the corresponding 3-hydroxy- and 2,3- or 3,4-unsaturated acids (in vitro). Functions as GTP-dependent lipoate-activating enzyme that generates the substrate for lipoyltransferase (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ACSM1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ACSM1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity --
GO:0003996 acyl-CoA ligase activity IDA 11470804
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
GO:0015645 fatty acid ligase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSM1: view

Phenotypes for ACSM1 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for ACSM1:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ACSM1: view

miRNA for ACSM1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ACSM1

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ACSM1 Gene

Localization for ACSM1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSM1 Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ACSM1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ACSM1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 1
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ACSM1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
GO:0072562 blood microparticle IDA 22516433
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSM1: view

Pathways for ACSM1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ACSM1: view

Interacting Proteins for ACSM1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ACSM1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006633 fatty acid biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006805 xenobiotic metabolic process TAS --
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0015980 energy derivation by oxidation of organic compounds NAS 11470804
GO:0018874 benzoate metabolic process NAS 11470804
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSM1: view

Compounds for ACSM1 Gene

(46) HMDB Compounds for ACSM1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A

(2) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for ACSM1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
acyl-coa 76.7 4
fatty acid 43.5 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ACSM1: view

Transcripts for ACSM1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ACSM1 Gene

Acyl-CoA synthetase medium-chain family member 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ACSM1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ACSM1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ACSM1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ACSM1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ACSM1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (4.8) and Prostate (4.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for ACSM1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ACSM1 Gene Hs.306812

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ACSM1: view

Orthologs for ACSM1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ACSM1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ACSM1 36
  • 96.81 (n)
  • 94.61 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ACSM1 36
  • 82.23 (n)
  • 76.04 (a)
ACSM1 37
  • 76 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Acsm1 36
  • 78.24 (n)
  • 70.86 (a)
Acsm1 16
Acsm1 37
  • 71 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ACSM1 37
  • 60 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 70 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Acsm1 36
  • 78.05 (n)
  • 69.67 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG11407 37
  • 19 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea acs-16 37
  • 18 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 37
  • 33 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ACSM1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for ACSM1 Gene

Gene Tree for ACSM1 (if available)
Gene Tree for ACSM1 (if available)

Paralogs for ACSM1 Gene

Paralogs for ACSM1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for ACSM1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins: Pseudogenes for ACSM1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ACSM1: view

Variants for ACSM1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ACSM1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1464 -- 20,692,447(+) gggat(C/T)aatgg upstream-variant-2KB, intron-variant
rs151222 -- 20,663,170(+) gcaca(C/G)acttg intron-variant
rs151309 -- 20,650,563(+) ggagg(C/T)gggaa intron-variant
rs151310 -- 20,651,813(+) gtaag(G/T)atcta intron-variant
rs151327 -- 20,641,514(-) aggag(C/T)atgtt intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ACSM1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv436835 CNV Insertion 17901297
nsv833164 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv905575 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv509604 CNV Insertion 20534489
nsv1761 CNV Insertion 18451855
nsv516605 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv507809 CNV Insertion 20534489

Relevant External Links for ACSM1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

Disorders for ACSM1 Gene

Relevant External Links for ACSM1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ACSM1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSM1 Gene

Publications for ACSM1 Gene

  1. Molecular identification and characterization of two medium-chain acyl-CoA synthetases, MACS1 and the Sa gene product. (PMID: 11470804) Fujino T. … Yamamoto T.T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 2 3 4 23
  2. Two medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A synthetase genes, SAH and MACS1, are associated with plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, but they are not associated with essential hypertension. (PMID: 15361761) Haketa A. … Matsumoto K. (J. Hypertens. 2004) 3 23 49
  3. 15-prostaglandin dehydrogenase expression alone or in combination with ACSM1 defines a subgroup of the apocrine molecular subtype of breast carcinoma. (PMID: 18632593) Celis J.E. … Gromova I. (Mol. Cell Proteomics 2008) 3 23
  4. An acyl-CoA synthetase gene family in chromosome 16p12 may contribute to multiple risk factors. (PMID: 12654705) Iwai N. … Iwanaga Y. (Hypertension 2003) 2 3
  5. Genomewide association for schizophrenia in the CATIE study: results of stage 1. (PMID: 18347602) Sullivan P.F. … Close S.L. (Mol. Psychiatry 2008) 3 49

Products for ACSM1 Gene

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays
    • Drug Metabolism: Phase II Enzymes in human,mouse,rat
  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate ACSM1
    • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
    • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ACSM1
    • Block miRNA regulation of ACSM1 using miScript Target Protectors

    Sources for ACSM1 Gene

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