Aliases for ACSL5 Gene
External Ids for ACSL5 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ACSL5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACSL5 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is an isozyme of the long-chain fatty-acid-coenzyme A ligase family. Although differing in substrate specificity, subcellular localization, and tissue distribution, all isozymes of this family convert free long-chain fatty acids into fatty acyl-CoA esters, and thereby play a key role in lipid biosynthesis and fatty acid degradation. This isozyme is highly expressed in uterus and spleen, and in trace amounts in normal brain, but has markedly increased levels in malignant gliomas. This gene functions in mediating fatty acid-induced glioma cell growth. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACSL5 Gene
ACSL5 (Acyl-CoA Synthetase Long-Chain Family Member 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACSL5 include chronic intestinal vascular insufficiency and myelodysplastic syndrome. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). GO annotations related to this gene include long-chain fatty acid-CoA ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACSBG2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSL5 Gene
Acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSL) activate long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation. ACSL5 may activate fatty acids from exogenous sources for the synthesis of triacylglycerol destined for intracellular storage (By similarity). Utilizes a wide range of saturated fatty acids with a preference for C16-C18 unsaturated fatty acids (By similarity). It was suggested that it may also stimulate fatty acid oxidation (By similarity). At the villus tip of the crypt-villus axis of the small intestine may sensitize epithelial cells to apoptosis specifically triggered by the death ligand TRAIL. May have a role in the survival of glioma cells.