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Aliases for ACSF3 Gene

Aliases for ACSF3 Gene

  • Acyl-CoA Synthetase Family Member 3 2 3
  • Malonyl-CoA Synthetase 2
  • EC 6.2.1.- 4
  • EC 6.2.1 63

External Ids for ACSF3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACSF3 Gene

  • GC16P087688
  • GC16P089160
  • GC16P074859

Summaries for ACSF3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ACSF3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the acyl-CoA synthetase family of enzymes that activate fatty acids by catalyzing the formation of a thioester linkage between fatty acids and coenzyme A. The encoded protein is localized to mitochondria, has high specificity for malonate and methylmalonate and possesses malonyl-CoA synthetase activity. Mutations in this gene are a cause of combined malonic and methylmalonic aciduria. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

GeneCards Summary for ACSF3 Gene

ACSF3 (Acyl-CoA Synthetase Family Member 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACSF3 include combined malonic and methylmalonic aciduria and combined malonic and methylmalonic acidemia. GO annotations related to this gene include acid-thiol ligase activity and malonyl-CoA synthetase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSF3 Gene

  • Catalyzes the initial reaction in intramitochondrial fatty acid synthesis, by activating malonate and methylmalonate, but not acetate, into their respective CoA thioester. May have some preference toward very-long-chain substrates.

Gene Wiki entry for ACSF3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ACSF3 Gene

Genomics for ACSF3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ACSF3 Gene

Genomic Location for ACSF3 Gene

89,088,375 bp from pter
89,155,846 bp from pter
67,472 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ACSF3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ACSF3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ACSF3 Gene

Proteins for ACSF3 Gene

  • Protein details for ACSF3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Acyl-CoA synthetase family member 3, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K4J8
    • C9JQL6
    • Q6INA0
    • Q8N2F7

    Protein attributes for ACSF3 Gene

    576 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64130 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAH72391.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Aberrant splicing.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for ACSF3 Gene

Proteomics data for ACSF3 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ACSF3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ACSF3 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys444
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains for ACSF3 Gene

Gene Families for ACSF3 Gene

  • ACS :Acyl-CoA synthetase family

Protein Domains for ACSF3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ACSF3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q4G176
  • Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ACSF3: view

Function for ACSF3 Gene

Molecular function for ACSF3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Catalyzes the initial reaction in intramitochondrial fatty acid synthesis, by activating malonate and methylmalonate, but not acetate, into their respective CoA thioester. May have some preference toward very-long-chain substrates.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ACSF3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ACSF3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity --
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016878 acid-thiol ligase activity IDA 17762044
GO:0090409 malonyl-CoA synthetase activity IDA 21642549
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSF3: view

Phenotypes for ACSF3 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for ACSF3:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ACSF3: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for ACSF3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ACSF3

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ACSF3 Gene

Localization for ACSF3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSF3 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ACSF3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ACSF3 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 1
extracellular 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ACSF3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA 21846720
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSF3: view

Pathways for ACSF3 Gene

SuperPathways for ACSF3 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for ACSF3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ACSF3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006631 fatty acid metabolic process IDA 17762044
GO:0006633 fatty acid biosynthetic process IDA 21846720
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0090410 malonate catabolic process IDA 21642549
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSF3: view

No data available for Pathways by source for ACSF3 Gene

Compounds for ACSF3 Gene

(32) HMDB Compounds for ACSF3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ACSF3: view

Transcripts for ACSF3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ACSF3 Gene

Acyl-CoA synthetase family member 3:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ACSF3

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for ACSF3

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ACSF3 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^
SP1: - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - - - -
SP9: - -
SP10: -
SP11: -

ExUns: 16 ^ 17 ^ 18a · 18b · 18c · 18d
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP7: - -
SP9: - -

Relevant External Links for ACSF3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ACSF3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ACSF3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ACSF3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ACSF3 Gene Hs.461727

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ACSF3: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ACSF3 Gene

Orthologs for ACSF3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ACSF3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ACSF3 35
  • 97.2 (n)
  • 95.98 (a)
ACSF3 36
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ACSF3 35
  • 81.97 (n)
  • 82.02 (a)
ACSF3 36
  • 80 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ACSF3 35
  • 81.07 (n)
  • 79.97 (a)
ACSF3 36
  • 76 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Acsf3 35
  • 80.78 (n)
  • 79.44 (a)
Acsf3 16
Acsf3 36
  • 78 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ACSF3 36
  • 71 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 72 (a)
-- 36
  • 68 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Acsf3 35
  • 80.26 (n)
  • 80.49 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ACSF3 35
  • 70.42 (n)
  • 70.48 (a)
ACSF3 36
  • 66 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ACSF3 36
  • 65 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.15704 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia acsf3 35
  • 63.25 (n)
  • 62.82 (a)
Str.18337 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CR848706.1 36
  • 59 (a)
LOC562292 35
  • 63.8 (n)
  • 63.36 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG18155 36
  • 27 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea acs-11 36
  • 29 (a)
acs-21 36
  • 32 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PCS60 36
  • 26 (a)
PCS60 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G16170 35
  • 49 (n)
  • 43.98 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0761300 35
  • 52.68 (n)
  • 47.32 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU02107 35
  • 51.31 (n)
  • 42.64 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 43 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ACSF3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ACSF3 Gene

Gene Tree for ACSF3 (if available)
Gene Tree for ACSF3 (if available)

Paralogs for ACSF3 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for ACSF3 Gene

Variants for ACSF3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ACSF3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1054747 -- 89,154,438(+) TCACC(A/G)CCGAC utr-variant-3-prime, nc-transcript-variant
rs3743979 - 89,114,475(+) CTGCC(A/G)TGCGC missense, reference, nc-transcript-variant
rs3743980 -- 89,114,527(+) ACTGT(G/T)CTCTG intron-variant
rs3743981 -- 89,114,604(+) CCCCC(A/G)TGGGA intron-variant
rs3743982 -- 89,114,731(+) GGCTG(G/T)ATGAC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ACSF3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv907268 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv471115 CNV Loss 18288195
nsv521217 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv2998n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv907357 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv907360 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3000n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3001n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3002n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3003n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv907381 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv907384 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv457619 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv457620 CNV Gain 19166990
dgv3004n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv519104 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv457621 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv907389 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2715101 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2715102 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv5123 CNV Deletion 18987735
nsv103175 CNV Insertion 16902084
esv2715103 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv3286 CNV Deletion 18987735
esv1001300 CNV Deletion 20482838
esv2715104 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2715105 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv1504476 CNV Deletion 17803354
esv2715106 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2715108 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv827841 CNV Loss 20364138
esv2658913 CNV Deletion 23128226
dgv3005n71 CNV Gain+Loss 21882294
esv2715109 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2715110 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv524478 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv907391 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv907394 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2715111 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2715112 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv509638 CNV Insertion 20534489

Relevant External Links for ACSF3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSF3 Gene

Disorders for ACSF3 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for ACSF3 Gene (614245)


  • Combined malonic and methylmalonic aciduria (CMAMMA) [MIM:614265]: A metabolic disease characterized by malonic and methylmalonic aciduria, with urinary excretion of much larger amounts of methylmalonic acid than malonic acid, in the presence of normal malonyl-CoA decarboxylase activity. Clinical features include coma, ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, microcephaly, dystonia, axial hypotonia and/or developmental delay, and neurologic manifestations including seizures, psychiatric disease and/or cognitive decline. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21841779}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for ACSF3 Gene

Relevant External Links for ACSF3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ACSF3: view

Publications for ACSF3 Gene

  1. Evidence for 26 distinct acyl-coenzyme A synthetase genes in the human genome. (PMID: 17762044) Watkins P.A. … Pevsner J. (J. Lipid Res. 2007) 2 3 4
  2. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  3. Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full- length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo- capped cDNA libraries. (PMID: 16303743) Otsuki T. … Isogai T. (DNA Res. 2005) 3 4
  4. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 48
  5. Exome sequencing identifies ACSF3 as a cause of combined malonic and methylmalonic aciduria. (PMID: 21841779) Sloan J.L. … Venditti C.P. (Nat. Genet. 2011) 3 4

Products for ACSF3 Gene

Sources for ACSF3 Gene

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