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Aliases for ACOX3 Gene

Aliases for ACOX3 Gene

  • Acyl-CoA Oxidase 3, Pristanoyl 2 3 5
  • Acyl-Coenzyme A Oxidase 3, Pristanoyl 2 3
  • Branched-Chain Acyl-CoA Oxidase 3 4
  • Pristanoyl-CoA Oxidase 3 4
  • BRCACOX 3 4
  • Peroxisomal Acyl-Coenzyme A Oxidase 3 3
  • EC 4
  • BRCOX 4
  • PRCOX 4

External Ids for ACOX3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACOX3 Gene

  • GC04M008343
  • GC04M008549
  • GC04M008561
  • GC04M008486
  • GC04M008368
  • GC04M008287

Summaries for ACOX3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ACOX3 Gene

  • Acyl-Coenzyme A oxidase 3 also know as pristanoyl -CoA oxidase (ACOX3)is involved in the desaturation of 2-methyl branched fatty acids in peroxisomes. Unlike the rat homolog, the human gene is expressed in very low amounts in liver such that its mRNA was undetectable by routine Northern-blot analysis or its product by immunoblotting or by enzyme activity measurements. However the human cDNA encoding a 700 amino acid protein with a peroxisomal targeting C-terminal tripeptide S-K-L was isolated and is thought to be expressed under special conditions such as specific developmental stages or in a tissue specific manner in tissues that have not yet been examined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ACOX3 Gene

ACOX3 (Acyl-CoA Oxidase 3, Pristanoyl) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Peroxisome. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors. An important paralog of this gene is ACOX1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACOX3 Gene

  • Oxidizes the CoA-esters of 2-methyl-branched fatty acids.

Gene Wiki entry for ACOX3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ACOX3 Gene

Genomics for ACOX3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ACOX3 Gene

Enhancers for ACOX3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH04F008410 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 11.4 +29.8 29794 0.9 CTCF HDAC1 PKNOX1 YBX1 RAD21 ZFHX2 ZNF366 SMC3 ZNF600 EGR2 ACOX3 TRMT44 ENSG00000251186 SH3TC1 GMPSP1 PIR46187
GH04F008402 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 11.4 +37.9 37894 1.7 CTCF MAX ZNF2 RAD21 YY1 ZNF316 ZNF143 SMC3 MAFK TCF7L2 TRMT44 ENSG00000205959 HTRA3 ACOX3 SH3TC1 GMPSP1 ENSG00000251615 PIR46187 PIR54498
GH04F008408 0.8 ENCODE 11.3 +31.3 31254 1.5 HDAC1 CTCF KLF1 PKNOX1 ZIC2 RAD21 ZNF335 ZFHX2 POLR2A ZNF600 TRMT44 ACOX3 ENSG00000251186 SH3TC1 GMPSP1 ENSG00000205959 PIR46187
GH04F008418 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 5.9 +21.3 21325 1.6 BMI1 CREM CEBPB JUNB TBX21 RAD51 SMARCA4 IKZF1 NBN MGA ENSG00000205959 TRMT44 HTRA3 SH3TC1 ENSG00000251186 GMPSP1 ENSG00000251615 ACOX3 PIR46187
GH04F008390 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 5.7 +47.4 47407 5.6 TBP PKNOX1 TBL1XR1 SIN3A RAD21 ZBTB40 GTF3C2 EGR1 CBX5 POLR3A TRMT44 GMPSP1 ENSG00000205959 ACOX3 ENSG00000251615 RNA5SP152 PIR54498
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ACOX3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ACOX3 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for ACOX3 Gene

8,366,263 bp from pter
8,440,725 bp from pter
74,463 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ACOX3 Gene

Genes around ACOX3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ACOX3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ACOX3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ACOX3 Gene

Proteins for ACOX3 Gene

  • Protein details for ACOX3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q96AJ8

    Protein attributes for ACOX3 Gene

    700 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    77629 Da
    Name=FAD; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:57692;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for ACOX3 Gene


neXtProt entry for ACOX3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ACOX3 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 265 and Lys 291
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ACOX3 Gene

Domains & Families for ACOX3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ACOX3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the acyl-CoA oxidase family.
  • Belongs to the acyl-CoA oxidase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ACOX3: view

No data available for Gene Families for ACOX3 Gene

Function for ACOX3 Gene

Molecular function for ACOX3 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
branched-chain acyl-CoA oxidase 3,peroxisomal,acting on the CoA-esters of pristanic acid and straight chain mono-and dicarboxy fatty acids,expression below detection limit in man,extremely weakly expressed in liver,may be expressed under special conditions and tissues so far not examined
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Acyl-CoA + O(2) = trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H(2)O(2).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Oxidizes the CoA-esters of 2-methyl-branched fatty acids.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ACOX3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ACOX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000062 fatty-acyl-CoA binding IBA --
GO:0003995 acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity IEA,IBA --
GO:0003997 acyl-CoA oxidase activity IEA --
GO:0005102 receptor binding IPI 20178365
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACOX3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ACOX3: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ACOX3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ACOX3

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ACOX3 Gene

Localization for ACOX3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACOX3 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ACOX3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ACOX3 gene
Compartment Confidence
peroxisome 5
mitochondrion 3
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ACOX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005777 peroxisome IEA,IDA 8993592
GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACOX3: view

Pathways & Interactions for ACOX3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ACOX3: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O15254-ACOX3_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Lipid metabolism; peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ACOX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006631 fatty acid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006635 fatty acid beta-oxidation IEA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0033539 fatty acid beta-oxidation using acyl-CoA dehydrogenase IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACOX3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ACOX3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ACOX3 Gene

(6) Drugs for ACOX3 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
FAD Approved Pharma 0
Oxygen Approved, Vet_approved Pharma 0
myristoyl-coa Experimental Pharma 0
Propionyl-CoA Experimental Pharma 0
Hydrogen peroxide Pharma 55

(50) Additional Compounds for ACOX3 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-decenoic acid
  • 2-trans-Decenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoic acid
  • 2,3-trans-Octenoyl coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA.
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ACOX3: view

Transcripts for ACOX3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ACOX3 Gene

Acyl-CoA oxidase 3, pristanoyl:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ACOX3 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19a · 19b ^ 20 ^ 21a ·
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - -
SP6: -

ExUns: 21b · 21c

Relevant External Links for ACOX3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ACOX3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ACOX3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ACOX3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix (18.9), Breast (14.2), and Bone (11.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ACOX3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ACOX3 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ACOX3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ACOX3 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ACOX3: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ACOX3 Gene

Orthologs for ACOX3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ACOX3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ACOX3 34 35
  • 99.04 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ACOX3 34 35
  • 79.14 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ACOX3 34 35
  • 78.95 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Acox3 34 16 35
  • 76.19 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Acox3 34
  • 76.14 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ACOX3 35
  • 71 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ACOX3 34 35
  • 65.41 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ACOX3 35
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia acox3 34
  • 66.33 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii acox3 34 35
  • 65.46 (n)
wufj81d02 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4390 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9527 36 34 35
  • 52.27 (n)
CG17544 36 35
  • 42 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007958 34
  • 50.97 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F58F9.7 36 34 35
  • 47.73 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes POX1 35
  • 24 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons ACX6 34
  • 46.69 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os06g0354500 34
  • 46.25 (n)
Species where no ortholog for ACOX3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ACOX3 Gene

Gene Tree for ACOX3 (if available)
Gene Tree for ACOX3 (if available)

Paralogs for ACOX3 Gene

Paralogs for ACOX3 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for ACOX3 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ACOX3: view

Variants for ACOX3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ACOX3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10002453 -- 8,389,975(+) gtgtg(A/T)gcctg intron-variant
rs10003554 -- 8,380,932(+) CTGGG(A/T)CAGGG intron-variant
rs10009196 -- 8,422,381(+) ctttg(C/T)tgtca intron-variant
rs10012186 -- 8,423,161(+) tagga(C/T)aggca intron-variant
rs10016221 -- 8,407,510(+) CCCGG(A/C)CTCCA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ACOX3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1005399 CNV deletion 20482838
esv1516082 CNV deletion 17803354
esv2148081 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2676067 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2727113 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2727114 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3046818 CNV deletion 24192839
esv34196 OTHER inversion 12058347
esv3563378 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3599545 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1002794 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1005698 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1009011 CNV loss 25217958
nsv4223 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv461220 CNV loss 19166990
nsv470013 CNV gain 18288195
nsv470014 CNV loss 18288195
nsv473112 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv524994 CNV loss 19592680
nsv526508 CNV loss 19592680
nsv593637 CNV loss 21841781
nsv593638 CNV loss 21841781
nsv593639 CNV loss 21841781
nsv829854 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv964028 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for ACOX3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 70% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.75; 57.85% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ACOX3 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACOX3 Gene

Disorders for ACOX3 Gene

Relevant External Links for ACOX3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for ACOX3 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ACOX3 Gene

Publications for ACOX3 Gene

  1. Evidence for the existence of a pristanoyl-CoA oxidase gene in man. (PMID: 9271077) Vanhooren J.C.T. … van Veldhoven P.P. (Biochem. J. 1997) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. An approach based on a genome-wide association study reveals candidate loci for narcolepsy. (PMID: 20677014) Shimada M. … Tokunaga K. (Hum. Genet. 2010) 3 46 64
  3. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  4. Peroxisomal branched chain fatty acid beta-oxidation pathway is upregulated in prostate cancer. (PMID: 15599942) Zha S. … Isaacs W.B. (Prostate 2005) 3 22 64
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for ACOX3 Gene

Sources for ACOX3 Gene

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