Aliases for A2M Gene
External Ids for A2M Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for A2M Gene
Alpha-2-macroglobulin is a protease inhibitor and cytokine transporter. It inhibits many proteases, including trypsin, thrombin and collagenase. A2M is implicated in Alzheimer disease (AD) due to its ability to mediate the clearance and degradation of A-beta, the major component of beta-amyloid deposits. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for A2M Gene
A2M (Alpha-2-Macroglobulin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with A2M include Alzheimer Disease and Alpha-2-Macroglobulin Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation and Formation of Fibrin Clot (Clotting Cascade). GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PZP.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for A2M Gene
Is able to inhibit all four classes of proteinases by a unique trapping mechanism. This protein has a peptide stretch, called the bait region which contains specific cleavage sites for different proteinases. When a proteinase cleaves the bait region, a conformational change is induced in the protein which traps the proteinase. The entrapped enzyme remains active against low molecular weight substrates (activity against high molecular weight substrates is greatly reduced). Following cleavage in the bait region a thioester bond is hydrolyzed and mediates the covalent binding of the protein to the proteinase.